Applications for status long-term resident EC

You have a permanent residence permit or a temporary residence permit for a non-temporary purpose and you wish to continue living in the Netherlands. You can apply for a residence permit long-term resident EC.

Having a residence permit as a long-term resident EC allows you to apply more easily for a residence permit in one of the other EU countries that also have this residence permit. You do have to meet the conditions which that country has for the residence permit.


There are certain conditions that apply to everyone. In addition, you must meet the following conditions:

  • You have been living in the Netherlands for 5 years or more with a valid residence permit. The IND looks at the 5 years immediately before you submitted the application. 
  • You have had an uninterrupted 5-year stay in the Netherlands before submitting the application. This means that you have not stayed outside the Netherlands for 6 or more consecutive months, or 10 or more months in total within that period.
  • You have a valid residence permit the moment you submit the application. This has to be a residence permit for a non-temporary purpose. Did you earlier have a residence permit for a temporary purpose? The years that you have had this residence permit do not count for the term of 5 years. This does not apply to the study residence permit. The years that you stayed here for study purposes count for half the period.


The residence permit long term resident EC costs € 174.

Children under 18 pay € 58.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.


After the application

Collect your residence permit

​The IND aims to have your residence permit ready within 2 weeks after the decision. The IND will send you a letter to inform you when you can collect the residence permit. For this, you have to make an appointment online at the IND desk stated in the letter. Keep in mind that it is not always possible to visit an IND desk at short notice. Therefore, please schedule an appointment in time.

Check to see if the information on the residence permit is correct while you are still at the IND desk. If something is incorrect, inform the IND staff member at once.

A permanent residence permit grants permanent right of residence. This means that you can stay in the Netherlands permanently, also when you residence document expires. The residence document is always issued for 5 years and can be renewed every 5 years.

Rights and obligations


The back of your residence permit shows if you are allowed to work. A permanent residence permit (type II or V) allows you to freely work in the Netherlands. Your employer does not have to have a work permit for you. Your residence permit states 'arbeid vrij toegestaan, TWV niet vereist' (work freely permitted, no TWV required).

Is your residence document expired? You can still work freely in the Netherlands. When organisations ask for a prove of legal residence you can ask the IND Desk to issue an article 9 letter. Please make an appointment. You should have applied for renewal of your residence document.

Rights almost equal to Dutch citizens

Having a permanent residence permit means you nearly have all the same rights as someone with Dutch nationality. The main differences are that you are not allowed to vote in national elections and you are not allowed to work in specific (Government) fields (such as the police, the army). For this, you first have to apply for Dutch nationality.

Legal obligations

There are a number of legal obligations you have to meet.

Further applications

​Replacement of residence permit

Is your residence permit damaged, lost or stolen? In that case, have the residence permit replaced.

Renew permanent residence permit

A residence document for permanent stay is always issued for 5 years. When it expires, you can apply for a renewal.

Becoming a Dutch citizen

After having had a residence permit for 5 years, you may apply for Dutch citizenship.

formal decision

​A formal letter with the decision on your application.


​A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job.