Who can apply for a residence permit long-term resident EU
You do not have the nationality of a country of the EU, EEA or Switzerland. Find out which countries are in the EU and EEA. You have a permanent residence permit or a temporary residence permit with a non-temporary purpose. A non-temporary purpose means that you can keep renewing the residence permit. You want a residence permit that will allow you to apply more easily for a residence permit in one of the other European Union countries that issues a long-term resident's EU residence permit.
Requirements for long-term resident EU
The following requirements apply to the residence permit long-term resident EU:
- You have lived in the Netherlands with a valid Dutch residence permit for at least 5 consecutive years immediately before to the application.
- You have lived in the European Union for at least 5 consecutive years with a residence permit European blue card. Directly before the application for long-term resident EU you have lived in the Netherlands with a European blue card for at least 2 consecutive years.
- You had a valid residence permit for the whole of that 5-year period. That means you always applied to renew your permit on time.
- Over that 5-year period you were not outside the Netherlands for 6 or more consecutive months or 10 or more months in total.
- You have always fulfilled and continue to fulfil the requirements of your residence permit.
- You have a residence permit with a non-temporary purpose. If you previously had a residence permit for a temporary purpose, the years during which you held that temporary residence permit do not count. Any years during which you had a study residence permit are counted at a level of 50%.
- You have an independent, sufficient and sustainable income. You can include the income of the family member you are living with. Find out more about the income requirement for permanent residence.
- You have to fulfil the integration requirement. That means you must integrate before the application. You can prove this with a civic integration diploma.
- You are entered in the Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen – BRP) in your place of residence (local authority). You do not have to demonstrate this yourself. The IND will check whether you fulfil this requirement.
- You have a valid passport.
- You do not pose a threat to public order or national security.
Documents you need
You need to submit documents to demonstrate that you fulfil the requirements. You need the following documents to apply for a residence permit long-term resident EU:
- Documents relating to your income. This appendix tells you which documents you have to send:
- If you still have a temporary residence permit (type I or III):
All the appendices mentioned are also included with the written application form.
Legalisation and translation of official foreign documents
Official foreign documents must be legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German. Find out more about legalised and translating foreign documents.
Online application form
You can start the application process from 3 months before your residence permit expires. Have you already had a residence permit in the Netherlands for more than 5 years? You can submit the application now.
For your online application you need:
- DigiD with SMS code. If you do not yet have a DigiD, you can apply for one at www.digid.nl. If you have a DigiD, but have not yet activated SMS verification, activate it via MijnDigiD.
- Online banking to pay the application fee.
If you have an asylum residence permit (type III or IV), please use the written application form.
Written application forms
There are 2 application forms:
You currently have a regular permit (type I or II)
You currently have an asylum permit (type III or IV)
How to submit your written application
- Download and print out the form.
- Fill in the form and the appendices.
- Put the application form, the appendices and the documents into a single envelope. Never send original documents to the IND. Make clearly legible copies.
- Send the application to the IND. The address is shown on the application form.
Cost of application
The costs of the application for a long-term resident's EU residence permit are € 207,00.
The following persons pay a lower amount:
- A person with Turkish nationality.
- A child under the age of 18.
- A child under the age of 18 with Turkish nationality.
For an explanation see the web page Fees: costs of an application.
Payment when you apply online
Are you submitting the application online? In that case, you pay the costs of your application (fee) using the iDEAL payment system before you submit your online application.
Payment when you apply in writing
Are you submitting the application in writing? In that case, the IND will send a request to pay the application costs (fees) by letter.
Decision on your application
The IND has 6 months to decide on your application for a long-term resident EU residence permit. his period is called the decision period. It is specified by law. You will receive a letter stating the date by which the IND will decide on the application.
- Find out what happens before the IND decides on your application
- Find out more about decision periods for your application to the IND
Positive or negative decision
Once the IND has assessed your application, you will receive the decision. This will be presented in a letter and will be positive or negative.
- Positive decision: you will receive a residence permit long-term resident EU. You will receive a letter when your residence document is ready. Then first make an appointment online to collect your residence document.
- Negative decision: you will not receive a residence permit long-term resident EU. The reasons for that will be explained in the decision.
Permanent residence permit or extension
Do you not meet the conditions for long-term resident EU? And do you not yet have a permanent residence permit? The IND will assess whether you do meet the conditions for a regular or asylum permanent residence permit. Do you also not meet the conditions for a permanent residence permit? Then the IND will extend your temporary residence permit, providing that you still meet the conditions for that permit. You do not have to submit a new application for this.
Apply for review of the decision
The IND decides late
Has the decision period passed and you have still not received a decision on your application or review? Then the IND is late in deciding. Find out what you can do if the IND is late with its decision.
Validity of the residence permit long-term resident EU
A residence permit long-term resident EU gives you a right of permanent residence. That means your right to live in the Netherlands remains valid even if your residence document expires. The residence document itself is valid for 5 years. After 5 years you can renew your document.
Working in the Netherlands with a long-term resident's EU residence permit
If you hold this type of residence permit, you can work freely in the Netherlands. Your employer will not require a separate work permit (tewerkstellingsvergunning or TWV) for you. The back of the residence permit states: 'arbeid vrij toegestaan. TWV niet vereist' (Free to work. No work permit required).
Almost the same rights as a Dutch national
If you have a residence permit long-term resident EU, you have almost the same rights as a person with Dutch nationality. The main differences are:
- You are not allowed to vote in national elections;
- You are not allowed to work in certain specific sectors, e.g. the police or army. If you wish to do so, you need to apply for Dutch nationality first.
- Apply for regular permanent residence permit
- Apply for asylum permanent residence permit
- Renew permanent residence
- Becoming a Dutch national through naturalisation
Rules and regulations
- Chapter 3, Subsection 5 Aliens Act (Vreemdelingenwet 2000)
- D1 Aliens Act Implementation Guidelines (Vreemdelingencirculaire 2000)
Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst