You would like to employ a foreign national. Your employee is already in the Netherlands or still in the foreign country. On this page you can read what you need to arrange for your foreign employee.
The information on this page does not apply for employing employees with the nationality of an EU/EEA Member State or Switzerland. The free movement of persons applies to them. So they are free to work in the Netherlands.
When you employ a foreign employee, you are the sponsor for this employee. A sponsor is a person or organisation having an interest in the residence of a third-country national in the Netherlands. You can be a sponsor for several employees at the same time.
As an employer you can apply to be recognised as a sponsor by the IND. Recognised sponsors profit from a faster and easier application procedure for the employee's residence permit. Recognition as a sponsor is obligatory to submit applications for highly skilled migrants and researcher within the meaning of Council Directive (EU) 2016/801. Read more about applying for recognition as a sponsor by the IND.
A sponsor has several legal obligations. For more information about these obligations, please visit the web page Legal obligations (recognised) sponsor labour-related purposes. Or the web page Legal obligations recognised sponsor researcher (Directive (EU) 2016/801). The IND monitors compliance with your legal obligations. If you do not comply with your legal obligations, this can have consequences.
In addition to the legal obligations of the IND, additional legal rules apply. The Inspectie SZW monitors these rules. You are responsible for ensuring that the rules of the Foreign Nationals Employment Act are also complied with. Not only by yourself, but also by the hired employees and the temporary employment agency involved. You otherwise risk a high fine.
Does your employee have the nationality of an EU/EEA Member State or Switzerland? The free movement of persons applies to them. Your employee is free to work in the Netherlands. For all foreign nationals with another nationality applies that the duration of stay in the Netherlands determines whether the employee needs to have a residence permit.
Does the employee come to the Netherlands to work for less than 90 days? Then the employee often needs a short-stay visa. You often also have to apply for a TWV.
The stay in the Netherlands is also viewed as a short stay when the employee is a cross-border worker.
To work for more than 90 days in the Netherlands, the employee needs a residence permit.
There are various residence permits for working in the Netherlands. Which residence permit your employee needs often depends on the job your employee gets. But sometimes you may also choose which application you start. You will find an overview below of the possible residence permits. Click on the link to read the conditions and application procedure for each residence permit.
Are you a recognised sponsor? Watch the animation video 'How do I, as a recognised sponsor, hire an employee from abroad?' for an explanation in 5 steps. Or read the written text.
The information on the pages of the types of residence permits to work is written towards the foreign national. As the employer you can always start the application for your foreign employee. Sometimes you are obliged to start the application.
Several residence permits exist for work that falls under knowledge and talent:
Researcher within the meaning of Council Directive (EU) 2016/801
The employee will work as a researcher within the meaning of Council Directive (EU) 2016/801. He/she does not have to be paid a salary; he/she may also receive a grant. You must be recognised as a sponsor for Research to employ a researcher.
Several residence permits exist for work in paid employment:
International Trade Regulation
The employee works at a foreign company that collaborates in a project or joint venture with a Dutch company. The employee will now work in the Netherlands in the context of this project or joint venture.
Supply of goods by a foreign company
The employee will work in paid employment for the assembly and repair of equipment delivered by his/her foreign company.
Supply of goods to a foreign company
The employee will enter paid employment in relation to the delivery of goods to a foreign company.
Intra-company transferee other than Intra Corporate Transferee
The employee works at an international group and is transferred to the Netherlands as a trainee, key staff member or specialist. He is not covered by the rules on Intra Corporate Transferee.
Some other residence permits for work exist:
The family members of your employee can usually come along to the Netherlands. The employee cannot bring family members along if the employee comes for seasonal work or for work placement or to gain work experience.
Have you been recognised as a sponsor for Labour? You can submit the applications for the family members of your employee. Do the employee and the family members travel to the Netherlands together, than the applications can be submitted at the same time. The family members can also join your employee at a later time. As a recognised sponsor you can still submit the application for your family member.
Have you not been recognised as a sponsor? Then your employee should submit the application for the residence permits for the family members.
Would you like to employ a foreign student who has a residence permit to study in the Netherlands? You can only employ a foreign student if you obtain a work permit TWV for the student.
The student can then:
If the student works more or if you do not have a work permit for the student, then the student is working illegally. The Inspectorate SZW supervises this and will fine you for illegal employment.
Foreign nationals with a valid temporary asylum residence permit can work in the Netherlands. They can also work and are legally in the Netherlands during the application process to extend or apply for permanent asylum residence. As an employer you do not need to arrange a work permit during these application procedures. This is also stated in the letter that the foreign national receives after submitting such an application. In addition, during these application procedures, foreign nationals can apply for a Foreign Nationals Identity document for foreign nationals (Type W). This document also states that they are entitled to work.
A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job.