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Permanent residence for EU citizens

You have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland or you are a family member of an EU/EEA or Swiss citizen. You wish to continue to live permanently in the Netherlands. You may apply for a residence document for permanent residence.

​Do you already have a permanent residence permit (type II)? You do not need to apply for permanent residence for EU/EEA or Swiss citizens and their family members. When your permanent residence permit expires, you may apply for renewal of your residence document.

Conditions

For the permanent residence permit for EU/EEA or Swiss citizens the following conditions apply:

  • You have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland. Or you are a family member of an EU/EEA citizen or a Swiss citizen. The following persons are considered family members:
    • Spouse or (registered) partner.
    • Family member in the ascending line: parent, parent-in-law, grandparent.
    • Family member in the descending line: child, grandchild, great-grandchild.
  • You have been living continuously and lawfully in the Netherlands for 5 years or more. This means that you were actually living in the Netherlands and that you (or your family member) had sufficient funds to support yourself (or you). The IND checks the 5 years immediately prior to the application. For every year living in the Netherlands the IND checks if your residence was lawful. The following situations count towards the built-up of lawful residence:
    • You have worked for at least 1 year. During that year you have at least worked 40% of the usual full working hours. Or, your income from work was at least 50% of the appropriate social welfare benefits standard.
    • You did not work, but you had sufficient income. For example from your own funds.
    • You did not work, but received social welfare benefits. Relying on social welfare benefits has had no impact on your right of residence according to the IND.
    • You spent time in detention. Prior to your detention, you were already continuously and lawfully living in the Netherlands for 5 years or more.
  • You have a valid passport or another travel document. A child may be included in the passport of one of the parents.
  • You are registered in the Municipal Personal Records Database (BRP) in your place of residence (municipality). You do not have to show this. The IND checks if you meet this condition. 

Special categories

In some cases you do not have to wait 5 years to apply for permanent residence. The following categories can apply for permanent residence for EU/EEA and Swiss citizens earlier:

  • Retired persons or persons that have taken early retirement.
  • Persons permanently unfit to work.
  • Persons permanently unfit to work due to a work-related accident or work-related illness.
  • Cross-border workers.

Conditions

All these categories at least have to meet the following conditions:

  • You have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland.
  • You have a valid passport or another travel document. A child may be included in the passport of one of the parents.
  • You are registered in the Municipal Personal Records Database (BRP) in your place of residence (municipality). You do not have to show this. The IND checks if you meet this condition.

In addition, the following conditions apply per category:

You have retired or taken early retirement

  • You have been living in the Netherlands for a continuous period of 3 years.
  • You have worked in the Netherlands for a period of at least 12 months . You stopped working as you retired (you reached the age of 65). Or, you took early retirement.

You are permanently unfit for work

  • You have worked in the Netherlands at least 2 years before you were declared unfit for work.
  • You stopped working because you were declared unfit for work.

You are permanently unfit for work due to a work-related accident or work-related illness

  • You stopped working because you were declared unfit for work as a result of a work-related accident or work-related illness. You receive a WAO or WIA benefit (disability benefits) for this reason.

You are a cross-border worker

  • You have been living in the Netherlands for a continuous period of 3 years or more.
  • You work in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland. You return to your home in the Netherlands at least once a week. 

Costs

This application costs € 51.

Children under 18 pay € 29.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

 

Steps in the application process

1. Submit application and payment

​You submit the application to the IND yourself. You use the application form. The form is at the bottom of this page. You send the application form together with the required documents to the IND by post. After the application has been received, the IND sends a letter stating how the fees are to be paid.

You can provide your biometric information to an IND Desk within 2 weeks after having sent the application. This only applies to family members who do not have EU/EEA or Swiss nationality.

Do you have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland? The IND then does not need to have biometric information from you. However, a passport photo is still needed. You use the Appendix Passport Photo Form for this.

2. Receipt and check application

​After your application has been received, the IND sends an confirmation letter. The confirmation letter states the date the IND has received your application. It also states the period within which the IND makes a decision.

The IND will then check to see if your application is complete and that the fees have been paid. Are documents missing, or are documents not correct? In that case, the IND will send a letter: a request to rectify the omission. This letter lists the documents that you still need to sent. Send the requested documents before the mentioned date to the IND.

3. Decision

The IND checks to see whether you meet all the conditions. The period for making a decision depends on your nationality:

  • You have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland: The IND tries to decide on your application within 8 weeks.
  • You are a family member of an EU/EEA citizen or Swiss citizen: The IND has to make a decision within a period of 6 months.
  • Negative decision
    If you do not meet the conditions, you will not get a residence document for permanent residence. This decision is given in the formal decision. You can apply for a review of this decision.

  • Positive decision
    If you meet all the conditions, you will get a residence document for permanent residence. The IND will send you a letter to inform you when you can collect the residence document.

Application forms and costs

Application for a Permanent Residence Document for Nationals of the Union and their Family Members8004

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible (clear enough to be read).
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 51.

Children under 18 pay € 29.

Download  

After the application

Collect your residence document

The IND aims to have the residence document ready for you within 2 weeks after the decision. You receive a letter when you can collect the residence document. You do not have to make an appointment for this.

Check to see if the information on the residence document is correct while you are still at the IND desk. If something is incorrect, inform the IND staff member at once.

Validity residence document

A residence document will always be issued for 5 years and can be renewed every 5 years. 

Right to work

The back of your residence document shows if you are allowed to work. You are free to work in the Netherlands with this residence document. Your employer does not have to provide you with a TWV. Your residence permit states 'arbeid vrij toegestaan, TWV niet vereist' (work freely permitted, no work permit required).

Rights almost equal to Dutch citizens

Having a permanent residence document means you nearly have all the same rights as someone with Dutch nationality. The main differences are that you are not allowed to vote in national elections and you are not allowed to work in specific (Government) fields, such as the police or the army. For this, you first have to apply for Dutch nationality.

Further applications

Replace residence document

Is your residence document damaged, lost or stolen? In that case, have the residence document replaced.

Renew permanent residence document for EU/EEA and Swiss citizens and their family members

A permanent residence document is always issued for 5 years. When it expires, you can apply for a renewal.

Becoming a Dutch citizen

After having had a residence permit for a period of 5 years, you may apply for Dutch citizenship.

Formal decision

​A formal letter with the decision on your application.

TWV

​A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job. For more information about the TWV, check the website of UWV (only in Dutch).