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Apply for permanent residence permit for Union citizens

Last check: 31-03-2021

You are an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen or a family member of an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen. You have been living in the Netherlands for some time. You may want to apply for a permanent residence document (indefinite period). On this page you can find out about the conditions and how to apply for this residence document.

Contents

Who is the application for permanent residence intended for?

You are an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen. Find out which countries are in the EU and EEA. That means you have Union citizen status. Or perhaps you are a family member of a Union citizen. You have been living in the Netherlands for some time and throughout that time have complied with the rules applicable to Union citizens and their family members. Read more about living in the Netherlands as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen.

Residence permit to stay with a minor Dutch child

Do you have a residence permit to stay with a minor Dutch child? You cannot apply for permanent residence.

Regular permanent residence permit (type II)

Do you already have a regular permanent residence permit (type II)? If so, you do not need to apply for permanent residence. If your permanent residence permit is no longer valid (or is close to expiry), apply to renew your document.

UK national that wants to apply under the Withdrawel Agreement

Are you a UK national or a family member of a UK national whose nationality is not that of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland? Do you want to apply for permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement? In that case, apply for a 'Permanent residence card Withdrawal Agreement'.

Conditions for permanent residence for Union citizens

The following conditions apply to the permanent residence document for Union citizens and their family members:

  • You are a national of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland, have another nationality but are a family member of a Union citizen, or are the family member of a Dutch national and fall under EU law. The following family members fall under EU law:
    • Spouse or registered/unmarried partner.
    • Relative in the ascending line: parent, parent-in-law, grandparent.
    • Relative in the descending line: child, grandchild, great-grandchild.
  • You have a valid passport or other travel document. A child may be included in the passport of one of his/her parents.
  • You are entered in the Municipal Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen – BRP) in your place of residence (local authority). You do not have to provide evidence of this. The IND itself will check this.
  • You have been living lawfully in the Netherlands for 5 consecutive years or more. That means you have been genuinely living in the Netherlands and have had (or your family member has had) sufficient funds to support yourself/yourselves financially. The IND will consider the 5 years immediately preceding the application. For each of those years it will check whether you were residing lawfully in the Netherlands. Read the conditions relating to lawful residence for EU/EEA and Swiss citizens. If you are a family member, you have fulfilled the conditions for staying with the Union citizen for 5 years.

In some cases you can apply for permanent residence before 5 years have elapsed

In a few situations you can apply for permanent residence earlier. You need to meet specific requirements:

You are retired or have taken early retirement

  • You have been living in the Netherlands for 3 years or more.
  • Your last 12 months of employment were in the Netherlands. You have stopped working as you have retired or taken early retirement.

You have permanent incapacity for work

  • You have stopped working as a result of permanent incapacity for work.
  • You lived and worked in the Netherlands for 2 years or more before becoming unfit for work.

You have permanent incapacity for work as a result of a work-related accident or occupational disease

  • You have stopped working as a result of permanent incapacity for work. Your incapacity is due to a work-related accident or occupational disease. 
  • You are receiving benefits under the Invalidity Insurance Act (WAO) or the Work and Income (Capacity for Work) Act (WIA).

You are a cross-border worker

  • You work in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, but still live in the Netherlands and travel home at least once a week.
  • You have previously spent 3 consecutive years or more living and working in the Netherlands.

Documents that you need

You need to submit documents to demonstrate that you fulfil the conditions. 

Documents that are always needed

To apply for permanent residence, you always need:

  • A copy of the page from your passport showing your personal details and the validity period.
  • If you are a national of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland: the 'Passport photo form' appendix (7630 - 03). This appendix is included with the application form.

Documents that you need depending on your situation

See which other documents you need in your situation:

You have been living in the Netherlands for 5 years or more

  • Documents proving that you have been living lawfully in the Netherlands for 5 consecutive years or more.
  • Documents proving that you have had (or your family member has had) sufficient funds to support yourself/yourselves financially. For example:
    • Employment contracts (your own or those of your spouse or registered/unmarried partner) relating to a job with an employer in the Netherlands;
    • Copy of your health insurance policies for the last 5 years;
    • Documents proving that you have held a bank account from an address in the Netherlands for 5 years.

You are retired or have taken early retirement

  • Documents proving that you worked in the Netherlands for at least 12 months immediately before reaching the statutory pensionable age or immediately before taking early retirement.
  • Documents proving that you stopped working as you had reached pensionable age or taken early retirement.
  • Documents proving that you lived in the Netherlands for more than 3 years immediately before reaching the statutory pensionable age or immediately before taking early retirement.

You have permanent incapacity for work

  • Documents proving that you lived and worked in the Netherlands for 2 years or more before becoming unfit for work.
  • Documents proving that you have stopped working as a result of permanent incapacity for work.

You have permanent incapacity for work as a result of a work-related accident or occupational disease

  • Documents proving that you are receiving benefits under the Invalidity Insurance Act (WAO) or the Work and Income (Capacity for Work) Act (WIA) due to permanent incapacity for work as a result of a work-related accident or occupational disease. 

You are a cross-border worker

  • Documents proving that you have been living and working in the Netherlands for 3 consecutive years or more.
  • Documents proving that you are now working in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, but are still living in the Netherlands and return to your home in the Netherlands at least once a week.

Legalisation and translation of official foreign documents

Official foreign documents must be legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German. Find out more about legalisation and translation of foreign documents.

Online application form

For your online application you need:

  • DigiD with SMS code. If you do not yet have a DigiD, you can apply for one at www.digid.nl. If you have a DigiD, but have not yet activated SMS verification, activate it via Mijn DigiD.
  • Online banking to pay the application fee.
Apply onlineLogo DigiD

Written application form

  1. Download the application form 'Application for a Permanent Residence Document for Nationals of the Union and their Family Members'.
  2. Print the form.
  3. Complete the form. Also complete  the appendix or appendices that apply to your situation.
  4. Put the application form, appendices and supporting documents in one envelope. Never send original documents to the IND. Make clear copies that are easy to read.
  5. Send your application to the IND. The address is on the application form.

Costs of application

Are you submitting the application online? In that case, you pay the costs of your application (fee) using the iDEAL payment system before you submit your online application. Are you submitting the application in writing? In that case, you will receive a letter relating to the payment of the costs of your application (fee). The letter will indicate the amount due and the bank account to which you need to transfer it. The IND will only assess your application once you have made the payment.

The costs of the application for permanent residence are [Verblijfsdocument duurzaam verblijf voor burgers van de Unie en hun familieleden uitzonderingsbedrag2].

Children under the age of 18 pay € 33.

Decision on your application

The IND has 90 days to decide on your application for a combined residence and employment permit (GVVA). This period is called the decision period. It is specified by law. The employer will receive a letter stating the date by which the IND will decide on the application.

Track your application in My IND

You can track your application in My IND. Find out more about My IND and log in.

Apply for review of the decision

You can apply for review of the decision within 4 weeks. The decision letter explains how to do this. Find out more about applying for review or appealing a decision from the IND.

The IND decides late

Has the decision period passed and you have still not received a decision on your application or review? Then the IND is late in deciding. Find out what you can do if the IND is late with its decision.

Validity of permanent residence document

A permanent residence permit is valid for an indefinite period. That means you keep your right to live in the Netherlands even if your residence document expires. If you are aged 18 or above, the permanent residence document is always issued for 10 years. You can renew it every 10 years. If you are under the age of 18, a permanent residence document is issued for 5 years. You can renew it every 5 years.

Working in the Netherlands with a permanent residence document

If you hold this residence document, you can work freely in the Netherlands. On the back of your residence document you will see the text 'arbeid vrij toegestaan. TWV niet vereist' (Free to work. No work permit required).

You have almost the same rights as a Dutch national

If you hold a permanent residence document (indefinite period), you have almost the same rights as a person with Dutch nationality. The main differences are:

  1. You are not allowed to vote in national elections;
  2. You are not allowed to work in certain specific sectors, e.g. the police or army.

If you wish to do so, you need to apply for Dutch nationality first.

Rules and regulations

Go straight to

Responsible

Immigration and Naturalisation Service

Questions?