Staying in the Netherlands for less than 3 months: visa-exempt term
Would you like to come to the Netherlands for a short stay, for example on holiday or for a business trip? Then you can make use of the visa-exempt term. During this period, EU, EEA and Swiss citizens can stay up to 3 months in the Netherlands without any additional requirements.
You just need a valid travel document (passport or ID card). The travel document must have been issued by an EU or EEA country or Switzerland.
Would you like to work in the Netherlands during your short stay? Then you do not need a work permit (in Dutch: tewerkstellingsvergunning or TWV).
Staying in the Netherlands for longer than 3 months
Would you like to stay longer in the Netherlands? Then you need a valid travel document (passport or ID card). The travel document must have been issued by an EU or EEA country or Switzerland. There are also certain other requirements. Check your situation and whether you meet these requirements.
Situation 1: You are economically active
You are economically active if you are an employee or entrepreneur. To stay in the Netherlands for a longer period of time, you require to carry out genuine and effective work. This is the case in the following situations:
- Your income is at least 50% of the social assistance benefit amount applicable to you. Read more information about the amount of a Dutch social assistance benefit on Rijksoverheid.nl (only available in Dutch).
- You work for at least 40% of the normal full working week.
Is your income lower or do you work fewer hours than that? Then your work can still be considered as genuine and effective. The IND considers other aspects in your situation. For example, whether your salary payments continue if you are on holiday or sick.
Are you still looking for work? Then you must show that during the first 6 months you were registered as a job seeker with the Employee Insurance Agency (in Dutch: Uitvoeringsinstituut Werknemersverzekeringen or UWV). If you have not found a job within 6 months, you must show that you have a good chance of finding a job in the Netherlands.
Situation 2: You are economically inactive
You are not economically active if you are not working. To stay in the Netherlands for a longer period of time, you must have sufficient income to live from. This is the case if your income is the same as the Dutch minimum salary with holiday pay or more.
Is your income lower? Then you must show that your income is enough to live on, for example, because your costs are also low. The source of your income is irrelevant. It may take the form of a pension, inheritance, maintenance payments, a benefit from abroad or income from your own assets. It can also be income or funds from a partner or someone else.
Situation 3: You are a student
To stay in the Netherlands for a longer period, the following conditions apply:
- You are registered with a school or university in the Netherlands.
- You have a health insurance in the Netherlands.
- You have sufficient funds to support yourself.
Arrangements in the Netherlands
It is important that you arrange several things if you are going to stay in the Netherlands for a longer period of time.
Register at your town hall
Are you going to stay in the Netherlands for longer than 4 months? Then register yourself as soon as possible at your local town hall (in Dutch: gemeente). Your details will then be included in the Personal Records Database (in Dutch: Basisregistratie Personen or BRP). Read more information about the Personal Records Database on Rijksoverheid.nl.
Take out a health insurance
Are you going to stay for a longer period of time? Take out a health insurance within 4 months of arriving in the Netherlands. Read more information about about health insurance in the Netherlands on Rijksoverheid.nl. Are you coming to study in the Netherlands? Then an overseas health insurance with cover in the Netherlands is also sufficient.
Registering with the IND
You are only required to register with the IND if you previously lived legally in the Netherlands as an EU citizen and the IND ended your residency. Find out more on the page Registering with the IND as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen.
- Registering with the IND as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen
- Permanent residence permit for Union citizens and their family
- Staying in the Netherlands if you no longer live with an EU family member
Rules and regulations
- Article 8.7 Vreemdelingenbesluit (Aliens Decree) (only available in Dutch)
- Article 8.11 and 8.12 Vreemdelingenbesluit (Aliens Decree) (only available in Dutch)
- B10/2 Vreemdelingencirculaire (Aliens Act Implementation Guidelines) (only available in Dutch)