Apply for permanent residence permit for Union citizens

Last update: 29 May 2022

You are an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen or a family member of an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen. You have been living in the Netherlands for some time. You may want to apply for a permanent residence document (indefinite period). On this page you can find out about the conditions and how to apply for this residence document.

Regular permanent residence permit (type II)

Do you already have a regular permanent residence permit (type II)? If so, you do not need to apply for permanent residence. If your permanent residence permit is no longer valid (or is close to expiry), apply to renew your document.

UK national that wants to apply under the Withdrawal Agreement

Are you a UK national or a family member of a UK national whose nationality is not that of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland? Do you want to apply for permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement? In that case, apply for a permanent residence card Withdrawal Agreement.

Regular permanent residence permit (type II)

Do you already have a regular permanent residence permit (type II)? If so, you do not need to apply for permanent residence. If your permanent residence permit is no longer valid (or is close to expiry), apply to renew your document.

UK national that wants to apply under the Withdrawal Agreement

Are you a UK national or a family member of a UK national whose nationality is not that of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland? Do you want to apply for permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement? In that case, apply for a permanent residence card Withdrawal Agreement.

Who is the application for permanent residence EU intended for?

You are a citizen of a Member State of the EU, EEA or a Swiss citizen. That means you have Union citizen status. Or perhaps you are a family member of a Union citizen. You have been living in the Netherlands for some time and throughout that time have complied with the rules applicable to Union citizens and their family members. Read more about living in the Netherlands as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen.

Requirements

The following requirements apply to the permanent residence document for Union citizens and their family members:

  • You are a national of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland, have another nationality but are a family member of a Union citizen, or are the family member of a Dutch national and fall under EU law. The following family members fall under EU law:
    • Spouse or registered/unmarried partner.
    • Relative in the ascending line: parent, parent-in-law, grandparent.
    • Relative in the descending line: child, grandchild, great-grandchild.
    Do you have a residence permit to stay with a minor Dutch child? You cannot apply for permanent residence. 
  • You have a valid passport or other travel document. A child may be included in the passport of one of his/her parents.
  • You are entered in the Municipal Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen – BRP) in your place of residence (local authority). You do not have to provide evidence of this. The IND itself will check this.
  • You have been living lawfully in the Netherlands for 5 consecutive years or more. That means you have been genuinely living in the Netherlands and have had (or your family member has had) sufficient funds to support yourself/yourselves financially. The IND will consider the 5 years immediately preceding the application. For each of those years it will check whether you were residing lawfully in the Netherlands. If you are a family member, you have fulfilled the conditions for staying with the Union citizen for 5 years.

In some cases you can apply for permanent residence before 5 years have elapsed

In a few situations you can apply for permanent residence earlier. You need to meet specific requirements:

Show details Hide details
  • You are retired or have taken early retirement

    open minus
  • You have permanent incapacity for work

    open minus
  • You are a cross-border worker

    open minus

Documents that you need

You need to submit documents to demonstrate that you fulfil the conditions. Official foreign documents must be legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German. 

Documents that are always needed

To apply for permanent residence, you always need:

  • Copy of the page from your passport showing your personal details and the validity period. 
  • When you are a national of the EU, EEA or Switzerland: the Appendix Photocard (7630). This appendix is attached to the application form. Do you have another nationality? Than you have to have a photo and fingerprints taken

Documents that you need depending on your situation

See which other documents you need in your situation:

Show details Hide details
  • You have been living in the Netherlands for 5 years or more

    open minus
  • You are retired or have taken early retirement

    open minus
  • You have permanent incapacity for work

    open minus
  • You are a cross-border worker

    open minus

Application forms

You can apply online or in writing by post

Online application form

You can apply online. To do this you need DigiD with SMS code and online banking (iDEAL). 

Apply online

Written application form

Download the application form:

Costs of application

Are you submitting the application online? In that case, you pay the costs of your application (fee) using the iDEAL payment system before you submit your online application. Are you submitting the application in writing? In that case, you will receive a letter relating to the payment of the costs of your application (fee). The letter will indicate the amount due and the bank account to which you need to transfer it. The IND will only assess your application once you have made the payment.

The costs of the application for permanent residence are € 69,00.

Children under the age of 18 pay € 37,00.

Decision on your application

The IND has 90 days to decide on your application for permanent residence for Union citizens and their family members. This period is called the decision period. It is specified by law. You will receive a letter stating the date by which the IND will decide on the application. Find out what happens before the IND decides on your application.

Track your application in My IND

You can track your application in My IND. You need to log in using DigiD.

Apply for review of the decision

You can apply for review of the decision within 4 weeks. The decision letter explains how to do this. Find out more about applying for review or appealing a decision from the IND.

The IND decides late

Has the decision period passed and you have still not received a decision on your application or review? Then the IND is late in deciding. Find out what you can do if the IND is late with its decision.

Your rights

Validity of permanent residence document

A permanent residence permit is valid for an indefinite period. That means you keep your right to live in the Netherlands even if your residence document expires. If you are aged 18 or above, the permanent residence document is always issued for 10 years. You can renew it every 10 years. If you are under the age of 18, a permanent residence document is issued for 5 years. You can renew it every 5 years.

Working in the Netherlands with a permanent residence document

If you hold this residence document, you can work freely in the Netherlands. On the back of your residence document you will see the text 'arbeid vrij toegestaan. TWV niet vereist' (Free to work. No work permit required).

You have almost the same rights as a Dutch national

If you hold a permanent residence document (indefinite period), you have almost the same rights as a person with Dutch nationality. The main differences are:

  1. You are not allowed to vote in national elections;
  2. You are not allowed to work in certain specific sectors, e.g. the police or army.

If you wish to do so, you need to apply for Dutch nationality first.

Your Europe