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Frontier workers (cross-border commuters) after Brexit

Apply for a frontier worker's document under the Withdrawal Agreement (Brexit). You are a United Kingdom (UK) national living outside the Netherlands and employed in the Netherlands. Or, you are self-employed and your business is established in the Netherlands. Read about the conditions and the application procedure.

On this page

  1. Apply for a document to continue working in the Netherlands as a British frontier worker from 1 January 2021
  2. You start working as a frontier worker in the Netherlands from 1 January 2021

1. Apply for a document to continue working in the Netherlands as a British frontier worker from 1 January 2021

Were you working as a frontier worker in the Netherlands before 1 January 2021? And are you covered by the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement (WA)? Then you have the right to continue working as a frontier worker in the Netherlands from 1 January 2021. You need a frontier worker's document to show that right. Then you can easily travel to and from the Netherlands. Apply for the document online below. The application is currently free of charge. The frontier worker's document is valid for 5 years. N.B. frontier workers who are working temporarily as a posted worker (on secondment) do not come under the rules of the WA.

Apply online

Use the apply button below to start the online application. 

Important tips regarding your application

  • Call the Brexit phone line if you need help submitting your application  on +31 (0)88 04 30410.
  • The IND is still reviewing and deciding on applications during the coronavirus crisis.
  • Do you not have a V-number as requested in the application form? You still can submit the application. The IND will create a V-number afterwards. This number will be in the letter (acknowledgment of receipt) you receive after submitting your application.
  • Completing the online application form and looking for United Kingdom in the country drop-down list? Please select Great Britain.
  • The country of birth drop-down list in the online application form is based on country names at the time of your birth. This has been agreed internationally.
  • Fill out your postal address in the Netherlands for home delivery of your document. This can be the address where your are temporarily living or your working address.  An address of family members or friends is also possible.

Apply online

Written application for frontier worker's document after Brexit

You can also apply in writing for a frontier worker's document under the Withdrawal Agreement. Use our written application form (6530) under option 4 'Frontier worker' for this. The application form explains which supporting documents you need to send together with the form.

Conditions 

The conditions below are set out in the provisions for the free movement of people in the EU.

  • You live in the UK or in an EU country other than the Netherlands  under the relevant provisions.
  • You were working as a frontier worker in the Netherlands before 1 January 2021. This applies if you are an employee with an employment contract with an employer in the Netherlands (in general). Or if you are self-employed and your business is registered in the Netherlands. If you work temporarily on secondment you do not come under the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement for frontier workers.
  • You are currently carrying out real and actual work as an employee or self-employed person. This means that you are working for at least 40% of the usual full working hours for your profession. Alternatively, the income from your work is at least 50% of the social welfare benefits standard in the Netherlands. 
  • You have performed real and actual work as an employee or as a self-employed person. You are now unemployed. In the following circumstances, you are still a frontier worker to the IND:
    • You are temporarily unfit for work due to illness or an accident.
    • You have worked for more than 1 year and are now unemployed through no fault of your own. And you are registered with the Dutch government as someone who is looking for work. 
    • You have worked for less than 1 year and are now unemployed through no fault of your own. And you are registered with the Dutch government as someone who is looking for work. The IND will continue to consider you a frontier worker for a minimum of 6 months.  
    • You have worked and are now unemployed by your own choice. The IND will continue to consider you a frontier worker for a maximum of 6 months. This period starts on the first day you became unemployed.
    • You started vocational training after you became unemployed. Have you become unemployed by your own choice? Then the IND will only consider you to be a frontier worker if your studies are related to your last job.  
  • You are not a danger to the public order. Public order is peace and order on the street and in public spaces and buildings.


Read our Q&As for more information about frontier workers and the Withdrawal Agreement.

What you need to submit your application online

First make sure you have everything listed below. Then start your application online.

  1. Citizen service number (Burgerservicenummer or BSN). You may only work in the Netherlands if you have a BSN.  You will receive a BSN if you register in the Non-Residents Registration (RNI) at a town hall with an RNI desk near you. 
  2. Scans of documents you need to upload (see below).

Documents for online application

The online application form also explains which documents you need to upload.  In any case:

  • Copy of the pages of your passport showing your personal details and period of validity.

It depends on your situation what additional documents you will need to send: 

Employed/employee

Documents showing that you are employed in the Netherlands, for example:

  • Employment contract (other than secondment); or
  • Employer's declaration completed and signed by your employer.

Self-employed/entrepreneur

Documents showing that you are self-employed and working in the Netherlands. And documents that show that your business is registered in the Netherlands, for example:

  • registration in the commercial register of the Netherlands' Chamber of Commerce; or
  • Dutch VAT number; or
  • the latest (provisional) tax assessment and income tax return from the Netherlands Tax and Customs Administration. 

Do you not have these documents yet? You can also send these documents:

  •  monthly statements of business results for the year and a half preceding the application; or
  • declaration or forecast prepared by an accountant or financial advisor.

Documents from the United Kingdom 

  • Documents prepared by embassy or consulate officials do not need to be legalised. This applies during and after the transition period. You can therefore use these documents directly in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • From 1 January 2021, all other UK documents must be legalised with an apostille. This applies to:
    • documents issued on or after 1 January 2021; and
    • documents issued before 1 January 2021 which the IND receives after this date.

An apostille is a stamp or sticker on your document. Your document can be used in the Netherlands after legalisation with an apostille. For the legalisation of your document, please contact the UK authorities.

On netherlandsworldwide.nl you can find out more about legalising documents from the UK.

Official foreign documents 

All official foreign documents must be legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German. On netherlandsworldwide.nl you can find out more about legalising documents from the UK. You can also call the general information number of the Dutch government on 1400.

Process after your application

This is what happens after you have submitted your application:

  1. You will receive a letter (acknowledgement of receipt) from the IND. It states that you have requested a frontier worker document.
  2. The IND investigates whether are entitled to this document and takes a decision as soon as possible. 
  3. The IND will call you or send you a letter if more information is needed. For example, the IND may ask for documents that show that you may live in your country of residence. 
  4. You will receive a letter from the IND with the decision on your application.
    • Positive decision: the letter will explain what you need to do to receive your frontier worker's document. This will be the same as for Britons living in the Netherlands who apply for a residence document. For example, you need to make an online appointment for biometrics (fingerprints, photo and signature). Your biometric data is needed to prepare your document.
    • Negative decision: the letter will explain what you can do if you do not agree with the decision.
  5. You will receive a letter from the IND when your document is ready. How you can receive the document depends on the date.
    • Until 1 October 2021: home delivery by the IPKD to a Dutch address. This may be the address where you are temporarily living. Delivery to a work address or an address where you staying with family or friends is also possible. In any event, you must receive the document in person. As a frontier worker, you will first receive an e-mail or phone call from the IPKD. Then you can make an appointment for delivery. Visit our web page about delivery of your residence document at home by the IPKD for more information.
    • From 1 October 2021: collection from an IND desk or expat centre. You must first make an appointment online. 

2. You start working as a frontier worker in the Netherlands on or after 1 January 2021

You do not come under the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement. At the end of December 2020, the EU and the UK reached a trade agreement. On government.nl you can read how the trade agreement will affect British cross-border commuters. What if this does not apply to you? Then you will likely need a work permit (TWV) to be able to work in the Netherlands. This depends on your profession and for how long you have been working. Your employer applies for a work permit to the UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). Visit werk.nl to find out about work permits and exceptions (available in Dutch only).