Temporary Protection Directive Ukraine

Last update: 11 July 2024

Refugees from Ukraine can receive temporary protection in the Netherlands under the EU Temporary Protection Directive. Find out whether you are covered by this directive. And what you need to do when you are covered by this directive.

Requirements Temporary Protection Directive

The Temporary Protection Directive entitles you to reception and health care. And education for minor children. As well as the possibility to work in the Netherlands. If you are covered by the directive, you may stay in the Netherlands until 4 March 2026. You will be covered by the directive in the Netherlands if one of the following situations applies to you.

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  • You have Ukrainian nationality

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  • You do not have Ukrainian nationality

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  • You lived with a family member covered by the directive

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Register at your town hall

Are you covered by the directive? Then you need to go to your local town hall to register in the Personal Records Database (in Dutch: Basisregistratie Personen or BRP). Registration means that you pass on your personal data and (temporary) address to the local council (gemeente). How you register depends on your local council. For more information about this, please contact the council where you want to register.

Arrival via airport

Are you arriving in the Netherlands by plane? Then it is possible that the IND at Schiphol will check whether you are entitled to temporary protection. You have an interview with the IND and are temporarily staying at the Schiphol Judicial Complex. Are you entitled to temporary protection? You can then register at the local town hall.

Documents you need

The local council must know who you are and where you come from. That is why it needs a number of documents from you to be able to register you. These documents are:

  • A passport or other proof of identity.
  • A Ukrainian residence permit that was valid on 23 February 2022 (if you are not Ukrainian).

The local council will check whether you have the correct documents. Do they have doubts about your documents? Then the local council will contact the IND. It may be that additional research will be done, to know for sure who you are and where you come from. You then cannot yet register at the town hall. Not even if your family members do have Ukrainian nationality.

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  • Proof of nationality from Ukrainian embassy

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  • No documents

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Proof of residency

Are you 14 years of age or older? Then you need proof from the IND that you may live and work in the Netherlands. As proof you will be given a sticker in your passport or on a separate piece of paper. Sometimes you will be given a card, a Foreign Nationals Identity Document Type O (O-document). Please make an appointment to collect your proof of residency. You must visit the IND within 4 weeks after you have registered with the municipality. On the day of your appointment, you must be registered with the municipality for at least a week. 

No right to temporary protection without a proof of residency

The sticker is proof that you are allowed to live and work in the Netherlands. Are you not coming to the IND within 4 weeks to collect a sticker? Then the IND cannot check whether you meet the requirements of the Temporary Protection Directive. And then you cannot sign your asylum application. In that case, the IND may decide that you are not entitled to protection under the directive. What if you get this decision? Then you are no longer allowed to live and work in the Netherlands.

Children under the age of 14

Children under the age of 14 will not receive proof of residency. But the IND must put in the system whether they come under the directive. Children come under the directive if a parent comes under the directive. Please take your children with you to your first appointment at the IND. Does your child turn 14 while you live in the Netherlands? Please make an appointment to collect a proof of residency for your child. 

Applying for residency under the directive

Your application for residency under the directive officially starts when you register at your town hall. Then you still need to sign the application form at the IND. This form is called an M35H and is an official asylum application. You can fill out this form at the IND when you collect a proof of residency. Or at Schiphol, if you come to the Netherlands by plane. You cannot apply for residency under the directive in Ter Apel.

No regular asylum application

An application for residency under the directive is not the same as a regular asylum application in Ter Apel. You have different rights.  For example, you are immediately allowed to work in the Netherlands.

Child born in the Netherlands

Did you have a baby in the Netherlands? Please register your baby at the local council (in Dutch: gemeente) where you are also registered. Was your child born after you filled out your application form at the IND? Then you must report your child’s birth to the IND. To do so, please send form M35-J to the IND, Postbus 17, 9560 AA Ter Apel.  

Application costs

Applying for residency under the directive is free of charge.

Decision on your application

As long as the Temporary Protection Directive applies to you, the IND will not decide on your application. Because we do not take a decision, you will also not receive a residence permit. During the application process, a sticker or card is proof of your residency. You are allowed to live and work in the Netherlands with your proof of residency. 

Validity proof of residency

Stickers and cards for residence under the Temporary Protection Directive are only valid in the Netherlands. Does your sticker or card have a validity date that is not 4 March 2026? Read more on the page Extension sticker or card temporary protection Ukraine.

Protection ends after leaving the Netherlands

Are you leaving the Netherlands and do you apply for protection in another EU country? Then your temporary protection in the Netherlands will end. Have you deregistered from the local council  (BRP) because you returned to Ukraine? If you want to apply for temporary protection in the Netherlands again, you must register with the local council again. And you must make another appointment with the IND.

Travelling in Europe

Travelling as Ukrainian

Do you have Ukrainian nationality? Then you can travel within the European Union. You can also travel to and from Ukraine. You will need a valid biometric passport, proof of residency (sticker or card) and the extension letter from the IND. With this you prove abroad that you have protection in the Netherlands. How long you can be in another EU country with this proof is different for each country. There is no general rule for this. Check this first with the country you want to travel to. 

You can also travel to EU countries if you are still in your visa-exempt term. You are allowed to be in the European Union up to 90 days within a period of 180 days. You can then, for example, seek protection in another EU country. Has your visa-exempt term expired and do you not have a proof of residency yet? Then travelling is at your own risk. The IND will not give you a visa to travel back to the Netherlands (return visa, in Dutch terugkeervisum or TKV). You cannot make an appointment for a return visa at an IND desk. Travelling outside the EU is also at your own risk. You will not get a return visa for this either. This also applies when you have your proof of residency.

Travelling as non-Ukrainian

If you do not have Ukrainian nationality, travelling within and outside the EU is at your own risk. The IND will not give you a return visa or entry visa for returning to the Netherlands. You cannot make an appointment for a return visa at an IND desk. This also applies when you have your proof of residency.

No right to protection after travel to country of origin

Do you not have Ukrainian nationality and have you been to your country of origin after 23 February 2022? Then you do not (any longer) meet the conditions of the Temporary Protection Directive. Your right to stay in the Netherlands may then be ended.

Travelling for more than 28 days

Do you have temporary protection and have you been outside the Netherlands for more than 28 days? And are you travelling back to the Netherlands by plane? The IND at Schiphol will then reconsider whether you are entitled to temporary protection. You have an interview with the IND and are temporarily staying at the Schiphol Judicial Complex. Are you still entitled to temporary protection? Then you only need to go to the local town hall if you are not registered in the BRP. Do you have no proof of residency? Then make an appointment to collect your proof of residency.

Working and studying in the Netherlands

Working in the Netherlands

Everyone who comes under the Temporary Protection Directive can work in the Netherlands without a work permit (in Dutch: tewerkstellingsvergunning or twv). This means that employers do not have to request a work permit for you. Employers should only notify the Employee Insurance Agency (in Dutch: UWV) that they are employing you. The work permit exemption applies to all jobs in employment. You will need an employment contract with an employer. To obtain the work permit exemption you must also meet the following requirements:

  • You come under the Temporary Protection Directive. We advise you to register at the local council if you come under the directive. 
  • You have proof of residency showing that you are allowed to be in the Netherlands. As proof, you will receive a sticker or card from the IND. Does your proof of residence say it was valid until 4 March 2023? Then you have received a letter about the extension of your sticker or card

The requirements for the exemption also apply if want to work as a volunteer. The organisation where you want to work must then request a volunteer declaration from the UWV. You may also work as a trainee, when you, your employer and your school have signed a trainee contract. A twv is required if you want to work as a self-employed person.

Read frequently asked questions about work and income for refugees from Ukraine (in Dutch only).

Studying in the Netherlands

You may study in the Netherlands if you come under the Temporary Protection Directive. You must then be registered with the local council. 

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