Working in the Netherlands as a cross-border worker

Last update: 12 May 2022

You wish to work as a cross-border worker in the Netherlands. You live in Belgium, Germany or another country in the EU and work in the Netherlands. Read when you are a cross-border worker and the conditions for working in the Netherlands.

Who is a cross-border worker

You are a cross-border worker in the following situation:

  • You live in another EU country, for example Belgium or Germany. Find out which countries are in the EU.
  • You have the nationality of that country, or you have a valid residence permit for that country.
  • You work in the Netherlands.
  • You return to your place of residence in that other EU country at least once a week.

No Dutch residence permit

You do not need a residence permit for the Netherlands. But maybe your employer must apply for a work permit (in Dutch: tewerkstellingsvergunning or TWV) for you. Are you not a national of a country of the EU, EEA or Switzerland? The cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker shows that you are working as a cross-border worker in the Netherlands. The sticker is applied in your passport. It is not obligatory to apply for the cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker, although employers, banks, insurance companies or other organisations may ask to see the sticker.

Requirements for a cross-border worker

There are a number of rules for working in the Netherlands. These rules also apply if you do not apply for a residence endorsement sticker.

You must have a Citizen Service Number (BSN)

You are not allowed to work in the Netherlands if you do not have a Citizen Service Number (in Dutch: burgerservicenummer or BSN). Your employer uses your Citizen Service Number to pay taxes and employer's contributions on your wages. You will receive a Citizen Service Number when you register in the Register of Non-Residents (RNI). You can arrange to do this at municipal offices that have an RNI desk. Read more about how to get a Citizen Service Number (only available in Dutch).

You must have a work permit (TWV)

A work permit (in Dutch: tewerkstellingsvergunning or TWV) is a separate work permit for foreign employees. Your employer will apply for the work permit via the Employee Insurance Agency (Uitvoeringsinstituut Werknemersverzekeringen – UWV). Read more about work permits on werk.nl (only available in Dutch). Whether you need a TWV as a cross-border worker depends on your situation:

You are an EU national

Are you a national of a country in the EU/EEA or Switzerland? You are free to work in the Netherlands and you do not need a TWV. Read more about working in the Netherlands as an EU national.

You have a residence permit in the other Member State as a family member of an EU national

An EU national is someone who has the nationality of a country in the EU/EEA or Switzerland. If you have a different nationality, you may need a TWV. If the EU national also works in the Netherlands, you will not need a TWV. If your EU family member does not work in the Netherlands, your employer does need to apply for a TWV. This also applies if your EU family member stops working in the Netherlands.

You have a residence permit in the other EU Member State

You need a TWV to work in the Netherlands.

Apply for a cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker

You can apply for a cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker at an IND desk. You need to make an appointment first. Call the IND to make an appointment for a cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker.

Documents you need

You need to bring these documents with you to your appointment for the cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker:

If you have a residence permit in another EU Member State:

  • Your valid passport.
  • Your residence permit from the other EU country.
  • A copy of your work permit (TWV). You can request this copy from your employer.

If you have a residence permit in another EU Member State as a family member of a citizen of the EU/EEA or Switzerland:

  • Your valid passport.
  • The valid passport of your family member who is a citizen of the EU/EEA or Switzerland. Find out which countries are in the EU and EEA.
  • Your residence permit from the other EU Member State.
  • Proof of registration in the country of residence of your family member who is a citizen of the EU/EEA or Switzerland.
  • Documents showing that the EU, EEA or Swiss citizen carries out genuine and effective work. This is the case if your income is at least 50% of the Dutch social assistance benefit level (only available in Dutch). Or, if you work at least 40% of the normal full working week. 
  • Documents that show the family relationship between you and your family member, for instance a marriage certificate.
  • Documents that show that you and the EU citizen live together at the same address in the other EU country. This is only necessary if you are unmarried partners without a registered partnership.
  • Evidence showing that you are currently working in the Netherlands, such as an employment contract.

Cost of residence endorsement sticker

You do not have to pay for a cross-border residence endorsement sticker.

Decision on your application

Please bring the requested documents with you on the day of the appointment. The IND will assess your application immediately during your appointment. If you meet the conditions of a cross-border worker, the residence endorsement will be placed as a sticker in your passport. If you do not meet the conditions, you will not receive a residence endorsement sticker for a cross-border worker.

Validity of a cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker

The cross-border worker residence endorsement sticker is valid for 1 year. If you are still working in the Netherlands after that period, you can apply for a new residence endorsement sticker.

See also

Responsible organisation

Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst

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