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Turkish citizens and their family members

In 1963, the European Union and Turkey signed an Association Treaty. The objective of this treaty is to strengthen the ties between Turkey and the EU. This is done by gradually bringing about the free movement of Turkish nationals. Restrictions are thus lifted for living in the EU and the freedom to provide services. On this page you can read what special rules apply for Turkish citizens and their family members.

Definition_employee

Do you have Turkish nationality? You are an employee according to the Association Treaty when you meet the following conditions:

  • You work in paid employment or you work as a self-employed.
  • You do real and actual work. This means that you actually work at least 40% of the usual 36-hour working week. Or you earn at least 50% of the social assistance standard. Do you work less? Or do you earn less? Then the IND can sometimes still decide that you perform real and actual work. This is only assessed after you submitted an application.
  • You work legally and fall under the Dutch labour market.
  • You do the work for a certain stable period.
  • You are not a threat to public order or national security.

More nationalities

The Association Treaty also applies when you have another nationality besides the Turkish nationality, for example, Dutch citizenship. With the application also send a copy of a valid Turkish passport or identity card.

Who are family members?

The Association Treaty also applies to family members of Turkish employees. These family members do not themselves have to have Turkish nationality. In the Association Treaty the following persons are seen as family members:

  • The spouse or registered partner of a Turkish employee.
  • The child or grandchild of a Turkish employee or of the spouse/registered partner of a Turkish employee. The child or grandchild is under the age of 21 or is being supported by the Turkish employee.
  • The parent or grandparent of a Turkish employee or of the spouse/registered partner of a Turkish employee. The parent or grandparent is being supported by the Turkish employee.

Costs of an application (fees)

Turkish nationals pay a lower fee for applications for the following residence permits:

  • Work on a self-employed basis

  • Paid employment

  • Work experience

  • Seasonal work

  • Research under Directive (EU) 2016/801

  • Highly skilled migrant

  • Looking for a job after study, promotion or scientific research

  • Au pair

  • Residence as a family member of a Turkish citizen (also if you do not have Turkish nationality yourself). The low fee does not apply in the following situations:

    • The Turkish citizen has a residence permit for medical treatment.

    • The Turkish citizen has a residence permit for spending leave in the Netherlands.

    • The family member and the Turkish citizen are not married and do not have a registered partnership.

Do the rules of the Turkish Association Treay apply to you? Then you also pay the low fee for:

  • Extension of your residence permit.

  • Application for a permanent resident permit.

Fees

Turkish nationals who can derive rights under the Association Treaty, and their family members, pay the following costs for an application:

  • Application for a residence permit with mvv: € 66

  • Application for a residence permit without mvv: € 57

  • Application for an extension of a residence permit: € 57

  • Application for a permanent residence permit or residence permit for long-term residents EC: € 57

  • Replacement of document due to loss, incorrect personal details, damage or theft: € 57

Under-aged Turkish nationals who can derive rights under the Association Treaty pay the following costs for an application:

  • Application for a residence permit with mvv: € 57

  • Application for a residence permit without mvv: € 30

  • Application for an extension of a residence permit: € 30

  • Application for a permanent residence permit or residence permit for long-term residents EC: € 30

  • Replacement of document due to loss, incorrect personal details, damage or theft: € 30

Do you need a return visa to travel? If you have paid the low rate for your residence permit then you will pay € 45 for the return visa.

Other rules for some permits

Because of the Association Treaty some permits have other rules for Turkish employees and their family members. This rules are now explained.

Stay with spouse or registered partner: lower age requirement

Is a foreign national going to live with their working Turkish spouse or registered partner? Then a lower age requirement applies: you both have to be 18 or older. 

Are you unmarried and unregistered partners? Then you and your partner do have to be both 21 or older.

Stay with spouse or registered partner: civic integration

Turkish nationals and their family members are not required to take a civic integration course or examination. Civic integration is not required in the following situations:

  • The foreign national is a Turkish citizen.
  • The sponsor is a Turkish citizen. You are married to each other. Or you have a registered partnership together.

Are you unmarried and unregistered partners? And is the foreign national not Turkish? Then the foreign national will have to integrate.

The exemption from civic integration applies to:

  • The civic integration examination abroad.
  • The civic integration programmes in the Netherlands.
  • The civic integration examination for the residence permit humanitarian non-temporary.
  • The civic integration examination for the permanent residence permit.

Do you want to apply for Dutch citizenship? Then you do have to be integrated.

Sponsorship

The IND cannot require that you have a (recognised) sponsor for the following residence permits:

  • Paid employment.
  • Highly skilled migrant.
  • Researcher under Directive (EU) 2016/801.

This means that you yourself can submit an application. The IND does recommend that you let the employer act as sponsor. When a recognised sponsor submits an application, the application is completed sooner.

Do you want to do the application yourself? Please, use the form at the bottom of this page.

Work as a self-employed: no scoring system to judge essential Dutch interest

A condition for the residence permit to work as a self-employed is that the business activities serve an essential Dutch interest. The IND does not judge this himself, but asks advice from the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO). RVO uses a scoring system for this. This scoring system does not apply when you have Turkish nationality and apply for a residence permit to work as a self-employed.

RVO will look at your business plan. With your business plan you thus have to prove that your company serves an essential Dutch interest. Your business plan should show the following:

  • Your company is viable.
  • Your company responds to a need in the Netherlands.
  • Your company contributes to the growth of the Dutch economy.
  • Your company is able to compete in the free market economy.
  • Your company does not disturb the free market economy and the labour market.

You substantiate your business plan with figures.

Employment rights: after 3 years work freely permited without work permit

Turkish employees and self-employed persons are free on the Dutch labour market after 3 years. This means that after 3 years of working in the Netherlands, you no longer need a work permit (TWV) if you want to work in paid employment.

Other foreign employees need to work 5 years with a TWV before they are free on the Dutch labour market.

Special permits

Under the Association Treaty, Turkish nationals and/or their families may apply for special permits. These permits are explained here. The general conditions also apply for these permits.

Paid employment on the basis of the Association Treaty between the European Union and Turkey

You can get a residence permit for paid employment under the Association Treaty if you meet the following conditions:

  • You have already worked a minimum of 1 year for a Dutch employer.
  • You have had a valid residence permit during the entire period that you worked for this employer.
  • You will continue to work for the same employer.

If you get this residence permit, you do not need a work permit (TWV) to work for this Dutch employer. Are you going to work for another employer? Your employer must have a work permit (TWV) to allow you to work as an employee if you have not yet worked for at least 3 years in the Netherlands.

Please, use the form at the bottom of this page to apply.

Continued residence after a stay with a family member

You can get a residence permit for continued residence after a stay with a family member if you meet the following conditions:

  • You have been living in the Netherlands for a minimum of 3 years with a residence permit to stay with a family member. Your family member has a residence permit with a non-temporary right of residence or has Dutch citizenship (besides his Turkish citizenship).
  • You meet the conditions for extending the period of validity of the original residence permit.

Please, use the form at the bottom of this page to apply.

Job-seeking year after termination of marriage of 3 years (the last year of which in the Netherlands)

You can get a residence permit for looking for and carrying out work, whether or not as a paid employee (job-seeking year) if you meet the following conditions:

  • You were married for a minimum of 3 years or you had a registered partnership for a minimum of 3 years with a person with a non-temporary right of residence.
  • The marriage or registered partnership has ended.
  • You had, for at least 1 year immediately before the termination of your marriage or registered partnership, lived in the Netherlands with a residence permit to stay with your spouse or registered partner.

Please, use the form at the bottom of this page to apply.

Continued residence after job-seeking year after termination of marriage of 3 years

You can get a residence permit for continued residence after a job-seeking year if you meet the following conditions:

  • You now have a temporary residence permit for looking for and carrying out work, whether or not as a paid employee (job-seeking year).
  • You have found paid employment during the validity of this residence permit.
  • Your contract for this job is still valid for at least 1 year at the date of application.
  • You have an independent sufficient long-term income.

Please, use the form at the bottom of this page to apply.

3-year policy

You can get a residence permit under the 3-year policy if you meet the following conditions:

  • You are a Turkish national.
  • You have submitted an application for a residence permit with the purpose of stay to work on a self-employed basis. This application is already being processed for 3 or more years.
  • You have had lawful residence for the whole time you were in procedure for this residence permit.

You cannot use the application form for this residence permit. You inform us by letter that you wish to get a residence permit on the 3-year policy. The IND will then check whether you meet the conditions.

Application form
Application for a residence permit in connection with the Convention between the European Union and Turkey7531

Use this form when you are a Turkish national or a family member of a Turkish employee and wish to apply for:

  • Paid employment on the basis of the Association Treaty EU-Turkey
  • Job-seeking year after termination of marriage
  • Continued residence after job-seeking year
  • Three-year policy
  • Work as a highly skilled migrant if you do not want the sponsor (employer) submitting the application
  • Researcher Directive (EU) 2016/801 if you do not want the sponsor (employer) submitting the application

Checklist for documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself.​

Your will find the application forms for all other purposes of stay on the page for that purpose.

Download  

Being supported by

​A family member is being supported by a Turkish national and/or his spouse (or registered partner) if this Turkish national and/or his spouse (or registered partner) pay for the life support of this family member. The reason for this is that the family member does not have (enough) money to support himself and is also not able to earn his own money.

Sponsor

​A sponsor is a person, employer or organisation that has an interest in the arrival of the foreign national in the Netherlands. A sponsor has rights, but also obligations with regard to the foreign national. The sponsor can start the application for the foreign national from the Netherlands .

TWV

​A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job.