Brexit

Published: 14 May 2018
Last update: 14 January 2020


The United Kingdom (UK) is intending to leave the European Union (EU) by 31 January 2020 at the latest. This withdrawal (Brexit) has consequences for most United Kingdom nationals and their family members who wish to continue living in the Netherlands. On this page you can read more about these consequences and what you can do now.

The EU and the UK have negotiated a draft withdrawal agreement (deal). This provides, for example, that you can continue to live and work in the Netherlands after Brexit. On 17 October 2019, the EU and the UK reached an agreement on Brexit. This agreement can only enter into force after both the UK parliament and the European Parliament have approved it. This is expected this January. Brexit with a deal will only be certain if the agreement has been definitively approved. The IND is prepared for both a deal and no deal. You can find out more information about the negotiation process and interim agreements on Government.nl/Brexit.

Animations IND: prepare now to arrange your stay after Brexit

The IND has produced two animations with information about what Brexit means for you as a UK national living in the Netherlands. The animations explain what you can do now to prepare to arrange your residence in the Netherlands after Brexit.

Animation for UK nationals in NL without
a residence document on the date of Brexit

 

Animation for UK nationals in NL with EU
permanent residence (duurzaam verblijf)
on the date of Brexit

 

Brexit and your right of residence

Do you currently have a right of residence in the Netherlands as a United Kingdom national, or as the family member of a United Kingdom national? Will your situation stay the same after Brexit? You will retain your right of residence up to Brexit. After that, you will no longer be an EU citizen (or the family member of an EU citizen). Brexit therefore affects your residence rights. Brexit will not affect your residence rights if:

  • You have Dutch citizenship; or 
  • You have a valid Dutch national residence permit on the date of Brexit. Brexit will not affect your right of residence as long as your permit is valid.

After Brexit you can continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands. After the transition period you will need a (new) residence document for this. To obtain a residence document after Brexit, certain rules apply. Find out below which rules apply.

Transition period after Brexit

After the date of Brexit there will be a transition period from 1 February 2020 up to and including 31 December 2020. During this period you will retain your existing rights. You do not need a residence document. You only need a valid passport. Did you receive a temporary residence permit from the IND in March or October 2019? It is only valid if there is no deal. Since a deal is expected, you do not need it.

During the transition period, the IND will invite you to submit an application for residence in the Netherlands after the transition period

Because Brexit will affect your residence rights, you have to arrange your residence after Brexit. That is why throughout the transition period, the IND will send a letter to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members (with or without EU/EEA or Swiss nationality) who are registered in the BRP at their town hall. It is important that your details in the BRP are correct.

In this letter, the IND will invite you to submit an application for residence after the transition period. If your application is approved you will receive a (new) residence document. This document is a proof of your residence rights. You will need it to continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands after the transition period.

Certain conditions apply. If you fulfil them, you can obtain a residence document. Find out which conditions apply.

The IND will send out these applications in stages to ensure that every application is processed carefully and promptly. It is not possible for all UK nationals to submit an application at the same time. It could lead to possible delays in your application.

An application for a (new) residence document costs the same as the application for permanent residence as an EU citizen: € 58 for adults and € 31 for children under 18.

Do you already have a valid EU residence document (duurzaam verblijf)? Then you will also need a new residence document. The IND will invite you by letter to come and exchange your current document for a new residence document free of charge. The letter will explain what you need to do.

  • Brexit does not affect the residence rights of UK nationals who have become Dutch or have a national, permanent residence permit in the Netherlands. Therefore they will not receive an invitation letter from the IND.
  • You will receive an invitation letter if you are a UK national and have a partner with another EU/EEA or Swiss nationality. It is possible that you have a right of residence in the Netherlands to live with your EU partner. If you have a dependent right of residence, you can choose which application you would like to submit: the application the IND will invite you to submit after Brexit as a UK national living in the Netherlands, or an application for residence dependent on your partner with an EU/EEA or Swiss nationality.
  • You will also receive an invitation letter if, as a UK national you have a temporary Dutch national residence permit, for example for the purpose of working here. You have a right of residence in the Netherlands for as long as your permit is valid and you fulfil the conditions. You can choose to rely on your residence based on the national permit that you currently have, or to submit the application that the IND will invite you to submit after Brexit.

Apply for a new residence document during the transition period

In the diagram below, you can see the different steps in the application process.

Infographic on application process in steps during transition period for residence after Brexit
(Click on image to view larger version)

Apply online for a new temporary or permanent residence permit after Brexit during the transition period

 

Who can apply?

UK nationals and their family members with the EU right to reside in the Netherlands on the date of Brexit.

Please note: If you already have a permanent EU residence document (EU duurzaam verblijf), another application process and timetable apply. View our film and find out more on our website.

When can you apply?

  • Apply when you receive an IND invitation letter.
  • Find out when you will receive an invitation on ind.nl/Brexit.

How can you apply?

  • Apply for a new residence permit online.
  • Complete the application in full to avoid any delays and submit it within 28 days on ind.nl/Brexit.
  • You will then receive an acknowledgment of receipt from the IND.

What happens next?

  • Make a biometrics appointment online on ind.nl/Brexit as soon as possible.
  • Have your biometrics taken at an IND desk or expat centre.
  • The IND will then process your application within 90 days.
  • You will receive the IND decision by post.

Your residence permit

If your application is approved:

  • Make an appointment to collect your new residence permit online on ind.nl/Brexit.
  • Collect it at an IND desk or expat centre.

If you application has not been approved:

  • You can apply for review of the decision.

Find out what you can do now on ind.nl/Brexit

When you can expect to receive an invitation letter from the IND

During the transition period after Brexit, the IND will send out letters to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members to apply for a new residence document. These invitations will be sent out in batches spread across the entire transition period.

Once the IND has started sending out these letters, you will be able to see on the calendar below which letters have already been sent and which still have to be sent. This calendar will be regularly updated.

   Calender sending out invitation letters IND
(Click on image to view larger version)

  • The longer you have been registered in the Netherlands in the Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen or BRP), the earlier you will receive an invitation. In case of re-registration, the latest registration date determines when you will receive an invitation letter.
  • If family members in a household registered on different dates, the earliest registration determines when you will receive an invitation letter. The IND will invite family members in one household at the same time.
  • The IND will send out around 4,000 invitation letters each month. The higher the number of BRP registrations in one year, the longer it will take to send out invitations for that year.
  • After receiving the invitation letter during the transition period, you can submit an application for a (new) residence document online.
  • As soon as more information is available about the invitation process, this web page will be updated.

Cross border workers

You are a cross border worker if you live outside the Netherlands and work in the Netherlands. You travel back to your country of residence on average once a week.

  • You are a cross border worker on the date of Brexit or during the transition period: nothing changes for you during the transition period up to and including 31 December 2020. After the transition period you are allowed to continue working as a cross border worker. More detailed information about this will be published on this website in due time.
  • You wish to start working as a cross border worker after the transition period: whether you can start working as a cross border worker depends on the further agreements to be made between the EU and the UK after Brexit.

Existing residence possibilities 

You can find more information about existing residence possibilities in the Netherlands under the different purposes of stay on this website, like EU, Family, Work and Dutch citizenship.

What you can do now

  1. If you have not already done so, register yourself in person in the Personal Records Database  (BRP) atyour town hall. The Dutch government can then get in touch with you if necessary.
  2. Then apply for a DigiD. With your DigiD, you can easily submit an online application to the IND. Do you already have a DigiD but no sms-verification? You can also set this up on My DigiD.
  3. Then make sure that you will also receive post from the IND digitally. Use your DigiD to log in to MijnOverheid at https://mijn.overheid.nl/. There you can access your Berichtenbox (message box) where you can receive digital post from government institutions, including the IND. Go to Instellingen (Settings) and under Landelijke Organisaties check Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (Immigration and Naturalisation Service, the IND).
  4. Open a Dutch bank account. You need this to set up iDEAL, an online payment method. You will need iDEAL to pay for an online application for a residence document.
  5. Do you have another EU/EEA or Swiss nationality? Make sure that nationality is listed in the Personal Records Database  (BRP). Then you will not receive an invitation letter because you will not need a residence document.

Questions?

Do you have any questions about your right of residence? Call the IND Brexit information line: +31 (0)88 04 30410. This number can be reached from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00.

On Government.nl you can find more information on other topics that may be relevant to you.