How does the IND assess an asylum request?

‚ÄčEvery person that goes through the asylum procedure in the Netherlands, will have two interviews at the IND. In the first interview the identity and travel route will be established. In the second interview the asylum seeker has the opportunity to tell why he has fled his country. The IND will decide on the request by using the information from the interviews and other data in his file, like research results such as age assessment examination or language analysis.

How does the IND assess an asylum request?

The first questions a decision maker asks himself are: is the asylum seeker's story credible? Does the asylum seeker tell a coherent story? Did he give correct information? Does the IND believe he has told the truth about his whereabouts and what had happened to him? Did he show documents that are genuine?

The interviews that the IND is having during an asylum procedure are long. The IND sometimes asks questions multiple times, for example to check if the asylum seeker makes the same statements again and again. The IND checks the information given by the asylum seeker as much as possible, for instance by using maps or consulting experts. When the statements of the asylum seeker are not credible, then the request can be denied.

And what if the story is credible?

If the IND finds the story to be credible then the decision maker asks himself the following questions:

  1. Does the asylum seeker in his own country fear for persecution because of his race, religion, nationality, political convictions or because he belongs to a certain social group?
  2. Does the asylum seeker in his own country risks serious damage, for instance: the death penalty, torture and inhumane or humiliating treatments/penalties?
  3. Is there an armed conflict in the asylum seeker's country where random violence is used? In this respect the asylum seeker must show that he is being threatened in person by this violence.
  4. Is the asylum seeker a first-degree relative of an admitted asylum seeker in the Netherlands?

When the answer to one of these four questions is positive, then the asylum seeker will be granted an asylum status. This means that he is allowed to stay in the Netherlands temporarily. There are certain grounds for refusal though. For example, if granted asylum the asylum seeker is not allowed to commit crimes or be a threat to public policy or national security. If so, the request can still be denied.

Would you like to know more? Check the latest asylum trends.