Published: 14 May 2018
Last update: 17 June 2019
Last update No-deal Brexit Q & A: 29 April 2019
The United Kingdom (UK) is intending to leave the European Union (EU). This exit (Brexit) has consequences for most United Kingdom nationals and their family members who wish to continue living in the Netherlands. On this page you can read more about these consequences and what you can do now.
On 11 April, the heads of state and government leaders of the EU's 27 remaining countries agreed to extend Brexit to 31 October 2019 at the latest. This date will be moved forward if the UK parliament approves the agreement earlier. For more information, visit Government.nl/Brexit.
Do you currently have a right of residence in the Netherlands as a United Kingdom national, or as a family member of a United Kingdom national? Will your situation stay the same after Brexit? You will retain your right of residence up to Brexit. After that, you are no longer an EU citizen (or the family member of an EU citizen).
The EU and the UK negotiated a draft withdrawal agreement (deal). This provides, for example, that you can continue to live and work in the Netherlands after Brexit. However, the British parliament has not approved this agreement. You can find out more about the negotiation process and interim agreements on the website of the Dutch government.
Your situation remains a top priority for the Dutch government. Consequently, the Netherlands will do its utmost to reach a deal with the UK. A deal scenario with good agreements is the best way to safeguard the interests of UK nationals.
It is also possible that there will be no agreement (no deal). Both a deal and no deal could affect your right of residence.
Brexit will not affect your right of residence if:
After the transition period all UK nationals and their family members will need a new national residence permit. You can obtain a residence permit if you meet the same conditions for residence that apply to EU citizens, and have been invited to submit an application for this residence permit. With this residence permit you also have the right to work and study in the Netherlands. During the transition period you will receive an invitation by letter to apply for this national residence permit online before 1 April 2020. These invitations will be sent in stages as in a deal situation.
Do you already have a permanent EU residence document? The IND will invite you to apply for a permanent residence permit during the transition period free of charge. Until then you do not need to request another residence permit.
Read the Q & As for more information on your residency in the event of a no-deal Brexit.
Many UK nationals and their family members have already received temporary residence permits, together with an explanatory covering letter (see IND news article). These were sent out in March ahead of the original anticipated Brexit date of 29 March 2019. The IND wished to ensure that in the event of a no-deal Brexit, all UK nationals and their family members with a right of residence in the Netherlands who were registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) would have a temporary residence permit in time. Now the Brexit date has been extended to 31 October 2019.
If a possible no-deal is pending, the IND will send out additional temporary residence permits in the form of a letter to registered UK nationals and their family members without one. This applies to you if you came to live in the Netherlands and registered in the BRP after 29 March 2019. In that event, if you have not yet received a temporary residence permit and would also like to receive the letter digitally, take the necessary steps to receive post from the IND in your Message Box on MijnOverheid. The temporary residence permit remains valid until the end of the transition period. The IND will continue to inform you about the latest developments on this website.
Because Brexit has been extended, you do not currently need this temporary residence permit. You remain an EU citizen during the Brexit extension to 31 October 2019: you retain your rights as an EU citizen to live, work and study in the Netherlands. However, there is still a possibility that there will be a no-deal Brexit.
In the event of a no-deal Brexit, you will need this temporary residence permit. It will be valid during the Dutch national transition period up to and including 30 June 2020. Please, therefore, keep this important document safe. You must be able to present it if asked to do so. The IND will not send you a new temporary residence permit if you were already sent one in March.
As mentioned above, if a no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send out additional residence permits to registered UK nationals and their family members without one. For example, to British nationals legally entitled to reside in the Netherlands, who came to live here after 29 March and prior to the date of Brexit and who are registered in the BRP. Due to the Brexit extension, the IND is not sending out any more temporary residence permits at this time.
It is possible that you have not received or will not receive a temporary residence permit for a no-deal Brexit transition period if:
Do you have any questions about the temporary residence permit? Read our No-deal Brexit Q & A
During a no-deal transition period, the IND will send you an invitation letter to submit an application for a new national residence permit, by 1 April 2020 at the latest. The invitations will be sent out in stages during the transition period.
Are you a UK national or the family member of a UK national working in the Netherlands as a cross border worker on the date of Brexit? Do you wish to continue working in the Netherlands as a cross border worker after a no-deal Brexit? Then you can obtain a residence endorsement sticker in your passport (free of charge) at an IND-desk after Brexit. With this sticker, you will be exempt from the requirement for a work permit (TWV) during the Dutch national transition period in the event of a no-deal Brexit
Please note that at present it is not yet possible to schedule an appointment for this sticker.
In order to obtain the residence endorsement sticker, you will need to meet the following conditions:
Do you have any questions about your right of residence? Call the IND Brexit information line: +31 (0)88 04 30410. This number can be reached from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00.
On Government.nl you can find more information on other topics that may be relevant to you.
Immigration and Naturalisation Service