Published: 14 May 2018
Last update: 30 October 2019
Last update No-deal Brexit Q & A: 30 October 2019
The United Kingdom (UK) is intending to leave the European Union (EU) by 31 January 2020 at the latest. This withdrawal (Brexit) has consequences for most United Kingdom nationals and their family members who wish to continue living in the Netherlands. On this page you can read more about these consequences and what you can do now.
The EU and the UK have negotiated a draft withdrawal agreement (deal). This provides, for example, that you can continue to live and work in the Netherlands after Brexit. However, the British parliament has not approved this agreement. It is still not clear whether there will be a Brexit with an agreement (deal) or without (no deal). The IND is prepared for both a deal and no deal. You can find out more information about the negotiation process and interim agreements on Government.nl/Brexit.
The IND has produced two animations with information about what Brexit means for you as a UK national living in the Netherlands. The animations explain what you can do now to prepare to arrange your definite residence in the Netherlands after Brexit.
Do you currently have a right of residence in the Netherlands as a United Kingdom national, or as the family member of a United Kingdom national? Will your situation stay the same after Brexit? You will retain your right of residence up to Brexit. After that, you will no longer be an EU citizen (or the family member of an EU citizen). Brexit therefore affects your residence rights in the event of either a deal or no deal. Brexit will not affect your residence rights if:
Your situation remains a top priority for the Dutch government. Therefore, the Netherlands will make every effort to ensure a deal is reached between the EU and the UK. However, if this does not happen, you should not worry. On 7 January 2019, the Dutch government announced in its letter to parliament (available in Dutch only) that United Kingdom nationals who have a right of residence in the Netherlands on 29 March 2019 can also stay in the Netherlands after a no-deal Brexit.
After Brexit you can continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands. You will need a new residence document in the event of both a deal and no deal. To obtain a residence document after Brexit, certain rules apply. Find out below which rules apply.
After Brexit there will be a transition period in the event of both a deal and a no deal.
You will retain your existing rights during the transition period in the event of both a deal and no deal.
Because Brexit will affect your residence rights, you have to arrange your residence after Brexit. This applies to both a deal and a no deal. That is why throughout the transition period, the IND will send a letter to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members (with or without EU/EEA or Swiss nationality) who are registered in the BRP at their town hall. It is important that your details in the BRP are correct.
In this letter, the IND will invite you to submit an application for definite residence. If your application is approved you will receive a (new) residence document. This document is a prove of your residence rights. You will need it to continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands after Brexit.
Certain conditions apply. If you fulfil them, you can obtain a residence document. Find out which conditions apply in the event of a deal or no deal.
The IND will send out these applications in stages to ensure that every application is processed carefully and promptly. It is not possible for all UK nationals to submit an application at the same time. It could lead to possible delays in your application.
An application for a (new) residence document costs the same as the application for permanent residence as an EU citizen: € 57 for adults and € 30 for children under 18.
Do you already have a valid EU residence document (duurzaam verblijf)? Then you will also need a new residence document in the event of both a deal and no deal. The IND will invite you by letter to come and exchange your current document for a new residence document free of charge. The letter will say the actions you will have to take.
In the diagram below, you can see the different steps in the application process.
During the transition period after Brexit, the IND will send out letters to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members to apply for a new residence document. This applies in both the event of a deal and no deal. These invitations will be sent out in batches spread across the entire transition period.
Once the IND has started sending out these letters, you will be able to see on the calendar below which letters have already been sent and which still have to be sent. This calendar will be regularly updated.
As a UK national or the family member of a UK national living in the Netherlands, you have received or will receive a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter from the IND. For this you have to be registered in the BRP at your town hall. If necessary, you can show that you have a right of residence in the Netherlands by presenting your temporary residence permit and a valid passport. The temporary residence permit is valid during the 15-month national transition period after the date of Brexit.
In March 2019 the IND sent out temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals and their family members in the Netherlands. With this, the IND ensured their rights to live, work and study during the national transition period in the event of a no-deal Brexit. The IND stopped sending out temporary residence permits when it became clear that Brexit was extended to 31 October 2019.
A no-deal Brexit still seemed possible at the end of October 2019. Therefore, the IND again started sending out temporary residence permits again (see news article) to registered (family members of) UK nationals in the Netherlands. The IND sent them to you if you did not receive one in March 2019. Or when you registered later in the BRP at your town hall. In this way your residence rights are also safeguarded in the event of a no-deal Brexit.
Brexit has now been extended until 31 January 2020 at the latest (see news article). During the extension period you do not need your temporary residence permit. You will keep your right to live, work and study in the Netherlands. However, after the extension period a no-deal Brexit can still not be entirely ruled out. For this reason, the IND advises you to keep your temporary residence permit safe.
To date, the IND has sent out temporary residence permits in the form of a letter to registered UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands in two stages:
The IND will ensure that in the event of a no-deal Brexit, all registered UK nationals and their family members receive a residence permit with the same duration of validity. Then the IND will again send out new temporary residence permits. This will only happen if after the latest Brexit extension, there is a still no-deal Brexit.
If you would also like to receive your temporary residence permit in the form of a letter digitally, take the necessary steps to receive post from the IND in your Message Box on MijnOverheid. You will need a DigiD to log in to MijnOverheid. The temporary residence permit remains valid until the end of the transition period. The IND will continue to inform you about the latest developments on this website.
Because Brexit has been extended to 31 January 2020 at the latest, you do not currently need the temporary residence permit.
In the event of a no-deal Brexit, you will need a temporary residence permit. It will be valid during the 15-month Dutch national transition period after the date of Brexit. Please, therefore, keep your temporary residence permit safe until you potentially receive a new one. If you receive a new one, you do not need to return the old one.
It is possible that you have not received a temporary residence permit for the transition period after a no-deal Brexit transition. Or that you will not receive one if a possible no-deal Brexit is approaching. This could be because:
Your residence right is not affected by Brexit. This is the case if you hold a permanent Dutch national residence permit or you also hold the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland; or
You are incorrectly registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP).
Have you lost your temporary residence permit?
You do not need a temporary residence permit during a Brexit extension period. If there is a no-deal Brexit, the IND will send new temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals and their family members.
Have you registered to receive digital post from the IND in your Message Box on MijnOverheid? Then you should also have received your temporary residence permit digitally if you set this up in time. You can then download and print it, for example if you lose the original.
In March 2019, the IND sent UK nationals and their family members these letters:
At the end of October 2019, the IND sent these letters to UK nationals and their family members who did not already receive a temporary residence permit in March 2019:
Read the Q & As for more information on your residence in the event of a no-deal Brexit.
You are a cross border worker if you live outside the Netherlands and work in the Netherlands. You travel back to your country of residence on average once a week.
Please note that at present it is not yet possible to schedule an appointment for a residence endorsement sticker.
Do you have any questions about your right of residence? Call the IND Brexit information line: +31 (0)88 04 30410. This number can be reached from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00.
On Government.nl you can find more information on other topics that may be relevant to you.
Immigration and Naturalisation Service
Conditions for definite residence after BrexitNo-deal Brexit Q & A
Brexit newsletterInformation letter UK nationals with permanent residence permitInformation letter UK nationals with no permanent residence permit
Employee Insurance Agency (UWV)
Brexit website UWV (Dutch only)
A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job.