Brexit

Published: 14 May 2018
Last update: 12 September 2019
Last update No-deal Brexit Q & A: 29 April 2019

The United Kingdom (UK) is intending to leave the European Union (EU) on 31 October 2019. This withdrawal (Brexit) has consequences for most United Kingdom nationals and their family members who wish to continue living in the Netherlands. On this page you can read more about these consequences and what you can do now.

The EU and the UK have negotiated a draft withdrawal agreement (deal). This provides, for example, that you can continue to live and work in the Netherlands after Brexit. However, the British parliament has not approved this agreement. It is still not clear whether there will be a Brexit with an agreement (deal) or without (no deal). The IND is prepared for both a deal and no deal. You can find out more information about the negotiation process and interim agreements on Government.nl/Brexit.

Brexit and your right of residence

Do you currently have a right of residence in the Netherlands as a United Kingdom national, or as the family member of a United Kingdom national? Will your situation stay the same after Brexit? You will retain your right of residence up to Brexit. After that, you will no longer be an EU citizen (or the family member of an EU citizen). Brexit therefore affects your residence rights in the event of either a deal or no deal. Brexit will not affect your residence rights if:

  • You have Dutch citizenship; or 
  • You have a valid Dutch national residence permit on the date of Brexit. Brexit will not affect your right of residence as long as your permit is valid.

Your situation remains a top priority for the Dutch government. Therefore, the Netherlands will make every effort to ensure a deal is reached between the EU and the UK. However, if this does not happen, you should not worry. On 7 January 2019, the Dutch government announced in its letter to parliament (available in Dutch only) that United Kingdom nationals who have a right of residence in the Netherlands on 29 March 2019 can also stay in the Netherlands after a no-deal Brexit.

After Brexit you can continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands. You will need a new residence document in the event of both a deal and no deal. To obtain a residence document after Brexit, certain rules apply. Find out below which rules apply.

Transition period in the event of a deal and no deal

After Brexit there will be a transition period in the event of both a deal and a no deal.

  • Deal: the transition period will last until 31 December 2020. This period can be extended.
  • No deal: there will be a national transition period for citizens of 15 months. The extension of Brexit from 29 March 2019 to 31 October 2019 means that at the moment, the national transition period will last until 31 January 2021.

You will retain your existing rights during the transition period in the event of both a deal and no deal.

  • Deal: you will not need a residence document. You will only need a valid passport.
  • No deal: you will need a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter. The IND will send this temporary residence permit to all UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands who are registered in the Personal Records Database (Basisadministratie Persoonsgegevens or BRP).  The temporary residence permit is free of charge. Find out more information about your temporary residence permit below.

During the transition period, the IND will invite you to submit an application for definite residence in the Netherlands after the transition period

Throughout the transition period, the IND will send a letter to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members (with or without EU/EEA or Swiss nationality) who are registered in the BRP at their town hall. It is important that your details in the BRP are correct.

In this letter, the IND will invite you to submit an application for a (new) residence document online. You will need this to continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands after Brexit.

Certain conditions apply. If you fulfil them, you can obtain a residence document. Find out which conditions apply in the event of a deal or no deal.

The IND will send out these applications in stages to ensure that every application is processed carefully and promptly. It is not possible for all UK nationals to submit an application at the same time. It could lead to possible delays in your application.

An application for a (new) residence document costs the same as the application for permanent residence as an EU citizen: € 57 for adults and € 30 for children under 18.

Do you already have a valid EU residence document (duurzaam verblijf)? Then you will also need a new residence document in the event of both a deal and no deal. The IND will invite you by letter to come and exchange your current document for a new residence document free of charge.

  • Brexit does not affect the residence rights of UK nationals who have become Dutch or have a national, permanent residence permit in the Netherlands. Therefore they will not receive an invitation letter from the IND.
  • You will receive an invitation letter if you are a UK national and have a partner with another EU/EEA or Swiss nationality. It is possible that you have a right of residence in the Netherlands to live with your EU partner. If you have a dependent right of residence, you can choose which application you would like to submit: the application the IND will invite you to submit after Brexit as a UK national living in the Netherlands, or an application for residence dependent on your partner with an EU/EEA or Swiss nationality.
  • You will also receive an invitation letter if, as a UK national you have a temporary Dutch national residence permit, for example for the purpose of working here. You have a right of residence in the Netherlands for as long as your permit is valid and you fulfil the conditions. You can choose to rely on your residence based on the national permit that you currently have, or to submit the application that the IND will invite you to submit after Brexit.

Apply for a new residence document during the transition period

In the diagram below, you can see the different steps in the application process. The film will be published shortly.

Infographic on application process in steps during transition period for residence after Brexit
(Click on image to view larger version)

When you can expect to receive an invitation letter from the IND

During the transition period after Brexit, the IND will send out letters to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members to apply for a new residence document. This applies in both the event of a deal and no deal. These invitations will be sent out in batches spread across the entire transition period.

Once the IND has started sending out these letters, you will be able to see on the calendar below which letters have already been sent and which still have to be sent. This calendar will be regularly updated. The film will be published shortly.

IND-calendar about sending invitation letters during transition period for definite stay after Brexit
(Click on image to view larger version)

  • The longer you have been registered in the Netherlands in the Personal Records Database (Basisadministratie Personen or BRP), the earlier you will receive an invitation. In case of re-registration, the latest registration date determines when you will receive an invitation letter.
  • If family members in a household registered on different dates, the earliest registration determines when you will receive an invitation letter. The IND will invite family members in one household at the same time.
  • The IND will send out around 4,000 invitation letters each month. The higher the number of BRP registrations in one year, the longer it will take to send out invitations for that year.
  • After receiving the invitation letter during the transition period, you can submit an application for a (new) residence document online.
  • As soon as more information is available about the invitation process, this web page will be updated.

Temporary residence permit for no-deal transition period

As a UK national or the family member of a UK national living in the Netherlands, you will receive a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter from the IND. For this it is required that you are registered in the BRP at your town hall. If necessary, you can prove your right of residence in the Netherlands by presenting your temporary residence permit and a valid passport. The temporary residence permit is valid during the 15-month national transition period.

When will you receive a temporary residence permit?

Many UK nationals and their family members have already received temporary residence permits, together with an explanatory covering letter. These were sent out in March ahead of the original anticipated Brexit date of 29 March 2019.  The IND wished to ensure that in the event of a no-deal Brexit, all UK nationals and their family members with a right of residence in the Netherlands who were registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) would have a temporary residence permit in time.

These temporary residence permits are valid during a national transition period of 15 months until 30 June 2020. However, the date of Brexit has been extended to 31 October 2019 (see IND news article). In the event there is no deal, the IND will again send temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands. In this way, all UK nationals and their family members can continue to live in the Netherlands during the national transition period.

In the event of a no-deal Brexit, the next temporary residence permits will be sent out by post in two stages:

  • A few days before Brexit
    The IND will send temporary residence permits in the form of a letter to registered UK nationals who did not receive one in March 2019. This also applies to you if you came to live in the Netherlands and registered in the BRP after 29 March 2019. These temporary residence permits are valid during the national transition period until  31 January 2021.
  • After Brexit
    The IND will send out new temporary residence permits in the form of a letter to registered UK nationals and their family members who already received one. This temporary residence permit will be valid during the national transition period for 15 months until 31 January 2021. You will also receive a new, temporary residence permit if you lost the previous one. In this way the IND can ensure that every UK national and family member of a UK national will receive a temporary residence permit that is valid until the same date.

If you would also like to receive the letter digitally, take the necessary steps to receive post from the IND in your Message Box on MijnOverheid. You will need a DigiD to log in to MijnOverheid. The temporary residence permit remains valid until the end of the transition period. The IND will continue to inform you about the latest developments on this website.

Do you need the temporary residence permit you received in March 2019 now?

Because Brexit has been extended to 31 October 2019, you do not currently need the temporary residence permit you received in March 2019.

In the event of a no-deal Brexit, you will need a temporary residence permit. It will be valid during the 15-month Dutch national transition period. Please, therefore, keep the document you received in March 2019 safe until you receive a new one. You do not need to return the old document.

What do you need a temporary residence permit for?

  • If there is a no-deal Brexit, you must be able to present your temporary residence permit if asked to do so during the national transition period up to 31 January 2021. You can only use this temporary residence permit together with a valid passport. Any family members without EU/EEA or Swiss nationality must also be able to present their (expired) EU residence document.
  • In the event of no deal, if you are employed, you will need to give a copy of your temporary residence permit to your employer. Your employer will need this copy, together with a copy of your passport, to establish that you are entitled to work in the Netherlands.
  • Take it with you when you travel, together with your valid passport. You will need it to demonstrate that you are legally entitled to live in the Netherlands.

No residence permit received or lost it?

As mentioned above, if a no-deal Brexit is pending, as of a few days before Brexit the IND will send out additional residence permits to registered UK nationals and their family members who are registered in the BRP. Due to the Brexit extension, the IND is not sending out any more temporary residence permits at this time.

It is possible that you did not receive a temporary residence permit for a no-deal Brexit transition period in March 2019. Or that you will not receive one if a possible no-deal Brexit is approaching. This could be because:

  • Your residence right is not affected by Brexit. This is the case if you hold a permanent Dutch national residence permit or you also hold the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland; or 

  • You are incorrectly registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP). 

Have you lost your temporary residence permit?

  • You do not need a temporary residence permit because of the extension at the moment. If a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send new, temporary residence permits to registered UK-nationals and their family members.

  • Have you registered to receive digital post from the IND in your Message Box on MijnOverheid? Then you should also have received your temporary residence permit digitally if you set this up in time. You can then download and print it, for example if you lose the original.

Temporary residence permit with covering letter from March 2019

In March 2019, the IND sent UK nationals and their family members the following:

No-deal Brexit Q & As

Read the Q & As for more information on your residence in the event of a no-deal Brexit.

Cross border workers

Are you a UK national or the family member of a UK national working in the Netherlands as a cross border worker on the date of Brexit? Do you wish to continue working in the Netherlands as a cross border worker after a no-deal Brexit? Then you can obtain a residence endorsement sticker in your passport (free of charge) at an IND-desk after Brexit. With this sticker, you will be exempt from the requirement for a work permit (TWV) during the Dutch national transition period in the event of a no-deal Brexit

Please note that at present it is not yet possible to schedule an appointment for this sticker.

In order to obtain the residence endorsement sticker, you will need to meet the following conditions:

  • On the date of Brexit you were a cross-border worker in the Netherlands;
  • You wish to continue to work as a cross-border worker in the Netherlands after Brexit;
  • You have a valid employment contract establishing that you will continue to carry out your activities;
  • Your main place of residence is the United Kingdom and you travel back to the UK on average once a week;
  • You have a valid passport.

Existing residence possibilities 

You can find more information about existing residence possibilities in the Netherlands under the different purposes of stay on this website, like EU, Family, Work and Dutch citizenship.

What you can do now

  1. If you have not already done so, register yourself in the Personal Records Database of your town hall. The Dutch government can then get in touch with you if necessary.
  2. Then apply for a DigiD. With your DigiD, you can easily submit an online application to the IND. Do you already have a DigiD but no sms-verification? You can also set this up on My DigiD.
  3. Then make sure that you will also receive post from the IND digitally. For example, a digital version of the temporary residence permit that the IND sent by post to safeguard UK nationals' rights in the event of a no-deal Brexit, was also sent digitally to UK nationals who had set this up in advance. Use your DigiD to log in to MijnOverheid at https://mijn.overheid.nl/. There you can access your Berichtenbox (message box) where you can receive digital post from government institutions, including the IND. Go to Instellingen (Settings) and under Landelijke Organisaties check Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (Immigration and Naturalisation Service, the IND).
  4. Open a Dutch bank account. You need this to set up iDEAL, an online payment method. You will need iDEAL to pay for an online application for a residence document.

Questions?

Do you have any questions about your right of residence? Call the IND Brexit information line: +31 (0)88 04 30410. This number can be reached from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00.

On Government.nl you can find more information on other topics that may be relevant to you.