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Asylum procedures

​You apply for asylum in the Netherlands. Which asylum procedure you go through depends on where you come from and how you came to the Netherlands. Below we explain the different asylum procedures.

​General Asylum Procedure (AA)

This is the primary 'standard' asylum procedure.

Most asylum seekers go to this 8-day asylum procedure. The steps in this asylum procedure are explained on a separate page.

Extended Asylum Procedure (VA)

The IND cannot make a decision within the time of the General Asylum Procedure.

This asylum procedure applies if the IND is unable to process your asylum application in the AA. For example because more research is needed. In that case, you usually move to a different reception centre. The steps in this asylum procedure are explained on our separate page about VA.

Repeat asylum application (HASA)

You apply for asylum again.

Has the IND made a negative decision, but has something changed in your situation? Then you can apply for asylum again. The steps in this asylum procedure are explained on our separate page about HASA.

Dublin procedure

Another European country has to make a decision on your asylum application.

You apply for asylum in the Netherlands. However, another European country may have to make a decision on your asylum application. The IND therefore does not immediately look at why you are applying for asylum. The IND will first investigate whether the Netherlands is responsible for your asylum application. European rules (the Dublin Regulation) state which European country must process an asylum application. A European country must process your asylum application if:

  • You are applying for (or given) asylum in that country for the first time; or
  • You are entering Europe illegally via that country for the first time; or
  • That country has given you a Schengen visa.

If another country is responsible for your asylum application, you may need to return to that country. The IND will check whether this applies to you in the Dublin procedure. In this asylum procedure you have little chance of asylum in the Netherlands.

The main features of the procedure:

  • You will stay and sleep in a reception center.
  • You have 1 meeting with the IND about your identity, nationality and travel route. You cannot tell about the reasons why you are applying for asylum. You can, however, explain why you think the Netherlands should process your asylum application. And what you think about the possibility that another country will decide on your asylum application.
  • You retain the right to reception until you travel to the country that will process your asylum application.
  • If the Netherlands nevertheless processes your asylum application, this will be done in the General Asylum Procedure (AA).
  • Does the IND take a negative decision on your asylum application? If you do not agree with this decision, you can appeal to the court. In that case, you usually retain the right to reception. Your attorney will help you with your lawsuit.

Simplified asylum procedure

You are from a safe country. Or you have been given asylum in another EU country.

If you cannot be protected in your own country, you get asylum in the Netherlands. Are you applying for asylum and are you from a safe country? Or do you already have been given asylum in another EU country? Then you will end up in the simplified procedure. Asylum seekers in this procedure have little chance of asylum. The national government determines which country is safe, which can be found in the list of safe countries of origin (opens on a new page).

The main features of the simplified asylum procedure:

  • Short processing of your asylum application.
  • You stay and sleep in a reception center.
  • You have 1 interview with the IND about your identity, nationality, travel route and the reasons of your application. The IND then makes a decision.
  • Is more research necessary before the IND can make a decision? Then your asylum application continues in the General Asylum Procedure (AA).
  • Does the IND take a negative decision on your asylum application? If you do not agree with this decision, you can appeal to the court. In that case, you usually retain the right to reception. Your attorney will help you with your lawsuit.
  • After the court's decision, there are 2 options:
    ◦ Does the judge decide that the IND made the right decision? Then you must leave the Netherlands immediately. Your right to reception ends and you are issued with an entry ban. You are moving to a reception center focused on your return to your country of origin. Or you will be placed in immigration detention if the government can deport you.
    ◦ Does the judge decide that the IND has not made the right decision? Then your application will continue in the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA). The IND will make a new decision.

Border procedure

You enter the Netherlands via a Dutch airport or seaport.

If you apply for asylum at Schiphol Airport or in a Dutch port, you will go through the border procedure.

The main features of the border procedure:

  • The border procedure lasts 8 days. The duration can be extended to 28 days.
  • You will stay and sleep in a closed reception center near Schiphol airport.
  •  You have 2 interviews with the IND. The first is about your identity, nationality and travel route. The second is about why you are applying for asylum.
  • The border procedure stops in the following situations:
    • You will receive asylum. You move to an open reception center until you get a house from the municipality.
    • Your asylum application continues in the General Asylum Procedure (AA) or the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA). You are moving to an open reception center
    • Does the IND decide negative? You have a period during which you can appeal. At the end of that period, the border procedure stops. If you appeal, your lawyer will help you with your lawsuit
  • After the decision of the judge:
    • Does the judge decide that the IND made the right decision? Then you will not be able to enter the Netherlands. You usually get an entry ban for most countries in Europe. You will go to another closed reception center until you leave the Netherlands.
    • Does the judge decide that the IND has not made the right decision? Then you move to an open reception center. Your asylum application continues in the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA).

Asylum procedure for unaccompanied minor foreign nationals (AMV)

You are younger than 18 years old and you are without parent (s) or guardian (s) in the Netherlands.

Main features of the AMV procedure:

  • You will be given a guardian from the NIDOS foundation because you are an unaccompanied minor. The guardian will help and guide you in the Netherlands. It concerns assistance with housing, school and your asylum procedure. But also help to make important decisions.
  • You live and sleep in a special reception center for young asylum seekers. If you are younger than 15, NIDOS will arrange care in a foster family.
  • Sometimes the IND asks if you want to cooperate in an age test. With this investigation, the IND will gain clarity about your age. During that examination, X-rays will be taken of the bones in your shoulder and wrist.
  • Your asylum procedure does not start until a few weeks after you have applied for asylum. During that period you can rest from the journey. And you can then prepare for your asylum procedure. The Dutch Council for Refugees (VWN) and a lawyer will help you prepare for free. VWN is an independent human rights organization.
  • The asylum procedure takes approximately 8 days. During that period you will have 2 interviews with the IND. The first is about your identity, nationality and travel route. The second is about why you are applying for asylum.
  • The IND decides whether you will receive a residence permit or not. If you do not agree with decision of the IND, you can go to court. A lawyer will help you with this.
  • If you are not allowed to stay in the Netherlands, you must return to the country where you come from. The Repatriation and Departure Service (DT & V / www.dienstterugkeerenvertrek.nl) will help you with your departure. You stay in a reception center until your trip home has been arranged.