For whom is this page about living in the Netherlands as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen?
You have the nationality of a country of the EU, EEA or Switzerland. That means you are a Union citizen. You are coming to live in the Netherlands. You do not need a residence permit. However, certain conditions apply to your residence in the Netherlands. And you sometimes have to register with the IND.
Visiting the Netherlands for a short stay
Are you not coming to live in the Netherlands? But do you want to visit the Netherlands for a maximum of 90 days? In that case the requirements for a permit-exempt term for EU, EEA and Swiss nationals apply to you.
Requirements living in the Netherlands for less than 3 months
You need a valid passport from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland or a valid identity card. You are allowed to work without a work permit (TWV).
Entry to the Netherlands may be refused
You may not be allowed to enter the Netherlands in one of these situations:
- You have (or might have) tuberculosis (TB). You will need to receive treatment first in your own country.
- You have previously been deemed to be an undesirable foreign national by the Netherlands. You will be pronounced an undesirable foreign national if you pose a threat to public order or national security. Read more about being pronounced an undesirable foreign national.
Requirements living in the Netherlands for more than 3 months
You have a valid passport from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland or a valid identity card. Other requirements apply in the following situations.
Right of residence after applying for a benefit from public funds
Do you apply or does your family member apply for a benefit from public funds? And do you not have a permanent residence permit? You may lose your right of residence in the Netherlands. The IND will assess your situation and check the level of your income. Different rules apply to income depending on whether you are economically active or inactive.
You are economically active
Do you still perform real and actual work? This means you still work at least 40% of the normal work week. Or, your income is still at least 50% of the social assistence benefit. If so, you will not lose your right of residence in the Netherlands after applying for a benefit (or additional benefit) from public funds.
You are economically inactive
Do you no longer have enough income? And do you also not have a family member with sufficient income to support themself and you? Then, the IND will check the level of your income and your outgoings. The IND will also check how long you have been living in the Netherlands. You have a greater entitlement to a benefit from public funds if you have already been living in the Netherlands for a number of years. If you have been living in the Netherlands for 5 years and have fulfilled the residency conditions over that 5-year period, you have permanent residency status and will not lose your residency entitlement in the Netherlands.
Registering with the IND
You are usually not required to register with the IND. The IND will check whether you are entitled to stay in the Netherlands, but only if other organisations notify the IND that you may no longer fulfil the conditions. In some situations you are required to register with the IND.
Situations of required registration
- You have a family member who is a national of a country other than an EU/EEA country or Switzerland. That family member applies for a verification against EU law in order to stay with you in the Netherlands.
- The Municipal Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen – BRP) states that your right of residence has been terminated (code 41). You need to register (again) at the IND (re-registration).
Read more information about registering with the IND as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen.
Arrangements in the Netherlands
If you will be living in the Netherlands, you need to arrange these things.
Registering with a local authority
Register with the local authority in which you will be living. Your details will then be entered in the BRP. Read more about the Personal Records Database (BRP).
Taking out healthcare insurance
Everyone who lives in the Netherlands has to take out healthcare insurance within 4 months of arriving in the Netherlands.
- Registering with the IND as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen
- Apply for permanent residence as EU citizen
- Staying in the Netherlands if you no longer live with an EU family member
- Frequently asked questions EU
Rules and regulations
- Article 8.7 Vreemdelingenbesluit (Aliens Decree) (only available in Dutch)
- Article 8.11 and 8.12 Vreemdelingenbesluit (Aliens Decree) (only available in Dutch)
- B10/2 Vreemdelingencirculaire (Aliens Act Implementation Guidelines) (only available in Dutch)
Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst