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Living in the Netherlands as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen

Last check: 09-03-2021

You are a national of a European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) country or Switzerland. Read the conditions to live in the Netherlands and when you should register with the IND. 

Contents

Who is this page about living in the Netherlands as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen intended for?

You have the nationality of a country of the EU, EEA or Switzerland. Find out which countries are in the EU and EEA. That means you are a Union citizen. You are coming to live in the Netherlands. You do not need a residence permit. However, certain conditions apply to your residence in the Netherlands. And you sometimes have to register with the IND.

Conditions if you will be living in the Netherlands for less than 3 months

Will you be living in the Netherlands for less than 3 months? In that case, you only need a valid passport from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland or a valid identity card. If you also want to work, you can do so without a work permit (TWV).

Entry to the Netherlands may be refused

You may not be allowed to enter the Netherlands if:

  1. You have (or might have) tuberculosis (TB). You will need to receive treatment first in your own country.
  2. You have previously been declared an undesirable alien by the Netherlands. You will be declared an undesirable alien if you pose a threat to public order or national security. Read more about being declared an undesirable alien.

Conditions if you will be living in the Netherlands for more than 3 months

The conditions when you will be living in the Netherlands form more than 3 months are different depending on your situation.

Condition that always applies

  • You need to have a valid passport or valid identity card from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland.

Conditions that depend on your situation

Other conditions depend on your situation:

You are economically active

That means you are an employee or entrepreneur or are looking for work in the Netherlands. The following condition also applies to you:

  • You do real and actual work. That is the case if one of the following situations applies to you:
  1. Your income is more than 50% of the benefit amount applicable to you. Read about the level of a Dutch social assistance benefit payment (in Dutch).
  2. You work for at least 40% of the normal full working week.

Is your income lower or do you work fewer hours than that? That does not necessarily mean that you are not performing genuine and effective work. The IND also considers other aspects, such as whether your salary payments continue if you are on holiday or sick, how long your contract is valid for or whether you have or are looking for customers.

Are you still looking for work? If so, you must have a good chance of finding a job.

You are economically inactive

That means you are not working. Two more conditions apply to you:

  1. You have health insurance.
  2. You have sufficient funds for yourself and your family members to live on. Your income is sufficient if it is equal to or higher than the Dutch minimum wage plus holiday allowance. Is your income lower? Then you must show that your income is enough to live on, for example, because your costs are also low.

The source of your income is irrelevant. It may take the form of a pension, inheritance, maintenance payments, a benefit from abroad or income from your own assets. However, it can also be income or funds from a partner or someone else.

You are a student

The following conditions apply to you:

  • You are registered with a school in the Netherlands.
  • You have health insurance in the Netherlands.
  • You have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family members.

You will be working as an au pair

Will you be working in the Netherlands as an au pair with a host family? If so, you and your host family must fulfil all the conditions of the Dutch au pair policy. The au pair agency must also be recognised as a sponsor by the IND. Only then is your host family allowed to pay you pocket money of € 340 per month.

Do you and your host family not fulfil the conditions of the Dutch au pair policy? Then your host family must pay you at least the minimum wage. If the host family does not pay you the minimum wage despite being obliged to do so, the Social Affairs and Employment Inspectorate (Inspectie SZW) can issue a fine to the host family.

Right of residence after applying for a benefit from public funds

If you apply or your family member applies for a benefit from public funds and you do not have a permanent residence permit, you may lose your residency entitlement in the Netherlands. The IND will assess your situation and check the level of your income. Different rules apply to income depending on whether you are economically active or inactive.

You are economically active

Do you still perform real and actual work? This means you still work at least 40% of the normal work week or that your income is still at least 50% of the social assistence benefit. If so, you will not lose your residency entitlement in the Netherlands after applying for a benefit (or additional benefit) from public funds.

You are economically inactive

If you no longer have enough income and also do not have a family member with sufficient income to support themself and you, the IND will check the level of your income and your outgoings. The IND will also check how long you have been living in the Netherlands. You have a greater entitlement to a benefit from public funds if you have already been living in the Netherlands for a number of years. If you have been living in the Netherlands for 5 years and have fulfilled the residency conditions over that 5-year period, you have permanent residency status and will not lose your residency entitlement in the Netherlands.

Registering with the IND

You do not need to register with the IND. The IND will check whether you are entitled to stay in the Netherlands, but only if other organisations notify the IND that you may no longer fulfil the conditions.

Sometimes you do need to register

There are 2 situations where you do need to register with IND:

  1. You have a family member who is a national of a country other than an EU/EEA country or Switzerland.
  2. The Municipal Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen – BRP) states that your right of residence has been terminated (code 41). You need to register (again) at the IND (re-registration).

Arrangements in the Netherlands

There are a number of things you need to arrange if you will be living in the Netherlands.

Registering with a local authority

Register with the local authority in which you will be living. Your details will then be entered in the BRP. Read more about the Personal Records Database (BRP).

Taking out healthcare insurance

Everyone who lives in the Netherlands has to take out healthcare insurance. You should do this within 4 months of arriving in the Netherlands. Read more about healthcare insurance in the Netherlands.

Rules and regulations

Go straight to

Responsible

Immigration and Naturalisation Service

Questions?