Becoming a Dutch national: temporary and non-temporary purposes of residence

Last update: 25 April 2022

You would like to become a Dutch national. You can become a Dutch national if your residence in the Netherlands is non-temporary. Find out which residence permits are temporary and non-temporary.

In order to become a Dutch national, you must have one of these residence permits.

  • Permanent regular or permanent asylum residence permit
  • Temporary regular residence permit with a non-temporary purpose
  • Residence permit as a long-term EU resident
  • Residence permit EU/EEA family member 
  • Residence document under Brexit Withdrawal Agreement

In a number of exceptional situations, you can also become a Dutch national with a temporary asylum residence permit.
 

Temporary regular residence permit

The temporary regular residence permit has a specific residence purpose. The residence purpose is the reason why you came to live in the Netherlands. A residence purpose is temporary or non-temporary. The residence purpose is on the back of the residence document.

Non-temporary purposes of residence

You can become a Dutch national with these non-temporary residence purposes.

  • Work as non-privileged military personnel or non-privileged civilian personnel
  • Work as a self-employed person
  • Work in paid employment if you are free on the labour market to work
  • European Blue Card
  • Highly skilled migrant
  • Non-temporary humanitarian grounds
  • Researcher within the meaning of Directive (EU) 2016/801
  • Residence as a family member or relative. The family member you are staying with is a Dutch national or has one of these residence permits.
    •  Permanent regular or permanent asylum residence permit
    • Residence permit as a long-term EU resident
    • Temporary regular residence permit with a non-temporary purpose
  • Residence in accordance with an order from the Secretary of State for Justice and Security, if the decision says that your residency is non-temporary
  • Wealthy foreign national (foreign investor)

Temporary purposes of residence

You cannot apply for Dutch nationality with a temporary residence permit. In that case you must apply for a non-temporary residence permit first, for example a permanent residence permit. These residence purposes are temporary.

  • Looking for and performing work, whether or not in paid employment (Orientation year highly educated persons)
  • Waiting for an application under Section 17 of the Netherlands Nationality Act (in Dutch: Rijkswet op het Nederlanderschap or RWN)
  • Cross-border services
  • Gaining work experience
  • Medical treatment
  • Intra-corporate transfer
  • Temporary humanitarian grounds
  • Seasonal work
  • Study
  • Exchange
  • Residence as a family member or relative. The family member with whom you live has one of these residence permits.
    • Temporary asylum residence permit
    • Temporary regular residence permit for a temporary purpose
  • Residency by order of the State Secretary for Justice and Security, if the decision says that your residence is temporary.

Asylum residence permits

The temporary asylum residence permit is a temporary residence permit. In order to become a Dutch national, you need a permanent asylum residence permit. There are exceptions. These are the situations in which you can become a Dutch national with a temporary asylum permit.

  • You are stateless and an adult. If your nationality is 'unknown' you are not stateless.
  • You came to the Netherlands as the family member of a refugee. The family member you live with is a Dutch national or has one of these residence permits.
    • Permanent asylum residence permit
    • Temporary regular residence permit with a non-temporary purpose
  • You are a minor and your father or mother has a permanent asylum residence permit. Your father or mother wants to become a Dutch national and is also applying for naturalisation for you.
     

Residency under EU or EEA law

Citizens of the EU, EEA or Switzerland do not need a residence permit to live in the Netherlands. After 3 months, their residency in the Netherlands is non-temporary.

Family members of EU, EEA or Swiss citizens

Your residence as a family member of an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen is non-temporary if you have one of these documents.

  • Family member EU/EEA
  • Permanent residence EU/EEA

Your residence is temporary in these situations.

  • You are staying with a minor or adult child who is studying (under Article 10 of Regulation (EU) 492/2011).
  • You are staying with a minor Union citizen as the parent caring for them (under Article 21 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union or TFEU).
  • You are staying with a minor Dutch child (Chavez).
     

United Kingdom Withdrawal Agreement

Are you British or a family member of a British national? And do you have residency under the Withdrawal Agreement? Your residency is non-temporary if you have one of these residence permits.

  • Residence document Article 50 TEU explaining: Residence Document Withdrawal Agreement 18(1)
  • Residence permit Article 50 TEU explaining: Permanent Residence Document Withdrawal Agreement 18(1)