Brexit

Published: 14 May 2018
Last update: 30 January 2020


A deal has been reached: the United Kingdom (UK) will leave the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020 (at midnight Central European Time). From then on, the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement apply, such as the transition period up to and including 31 December 2020. During this period, you can continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands. Find out more about how Brexit affects you and what you can do now on this page. 

The IND is sending a general information letter about the consequences of Brexit with a deal to around 45,000 UK nationals living in the Netherlands. Read the IND's news article of 30 January 2020. This website will be given a new layout on Monday, 3 February. Until then, the information on this page remains up-to-date.

IND animations: prepare now to arrange your residence after Brexit

The IND has produced two animations with information about what Brexit means for you as a UK national living in the Netherlands. The animations explain what you can do now to prepare to arrange your residence in the Netherlands after Brexit.

Animation for UK nationals in NL without
a residence document on 31 January 2020

 

Animation for UK nationals in NL with EU
permanent residence (EU duurzaam verblijf)
on 31 January 2020

 

Brexit and your right of residence

Brexit changes your right of residence unless:

  • You have Dutch citizenship; or 
  • You have a valid Dutch national residence permit on 31 January 2020. Brexit will not affect your right of residence as long as your residence permit is valid.

After Brexit you can continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands during the transition period. This also applies if you come to live in the Netherlands during the transition period. After the transition period you will need a (new) residence document. Read about the approach that applies below.

Transition period after Brexit

From 1 February 2020, there will be a transition period up to and including 31 December 2020. During this period you may continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands. You do not need a residence document. You just need a valid passport. Did you receive a temporary residence permit from the IND in March or October 2019? It is only valid if there is no deal. As a result of the Brexit deal, you do not need the temporary residence permit anymore. You do not need to keep it or send it back to the IND.

Are you a UK national or the family member of a UK national travelling to the Netherlands to live here after the transition period? Then you also come under the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement. Make sure that the Dutch government can contact you. Find out below what you can do.

During the transition period, the IND will invite you to submit an application for residence in the Netherlands after the transition period

Because Brexit will affect your residence rights, you have to arrange your residence after Brexit. That is why throughout the transition period, the IND will send a letter to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members (with or without EU, EEA or Swiss nationality) who are registered in the BRP at their town hall. It is important that your details in the BRP are correct.

In this letter, the IND will invite you to submit an application for residence after the transition period. If your application is approved you will receive a (new) residence document. This document is a proof of your right of residence. You will need it to continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands after the transition period.

Certain conditions apply. If you fulfil them, you can obtain a residence document. Find out which conditions apply.

The IND will send out these applications in stages to ensure that every application is processed carefully and promptly. It is not possible for all UK nationals to submit an application at the same time. It could lead to possible delays in your application.

An application for a (new) residence document costs the same as the application for permanent residence as an EU citizen: € 58 for adults and € 31 for children under 18.

Do you already have a valid EU residence document (duurzaam verblijf)? Then you will also need a new residence document. The IND will invite you by letter to come and exchange your current document for a new residence document free of charge. The letter will explain what you need to do.

When will you not receive an invitation letter from the IND?

  • If you are a UK national and have a national residence permit for permanent residence. This also includes a residence permit as an EU long-term resident in the Netherlands. Brexit does not affect your right to live in the Netherlands.
  • If you are a UK national and also have EU, EEA or Swiss nationality. Brexit does not affect your right to live in the Netherlands because of your other nationality. This also applies to your family members without EU, EEA or Swiss nationality.
  • If you are a third country national and the relationship with your British partner (UK national) in the Netherlands has ended as result of divorce or death. You are a third country national if you do not have EU, EEA or Swiss nationality. Under EU provisions, it is possible that you may stay in the Netherlands. In that case, you do not need a new residence document. Therefore, the IND will not send you an invitation. If you wish, you can apply for a residence document. When considering your application, the IND will check whether your situation meets the conditions.

Application for a residence document during the transition period

View the diagram below for the different steps in the application process.

Infographic on application process in steps during transition period for residence after Brexit
(Click on image to view larger version)

Apply online for a new temporary or permanent residence permit after Brexit during the transition period

 

Who can apply?

UK nationals and their family members with the EU right to reside in the Netherlands on the date of Brexit.

Please note: If you already have a permanent EU residence document (EU duurzaam verblijf), another application process and timetable apply. View our film and find out more on our website.

When can you apply?

  • Apply when you receive an IND invitation letter.
  • Find out when you will receive an invitation on ind.nl/Brexit.

How can you apply?

  • Apply for a new residence permit online.
  • Complete the application in full to avoid any delays and submit it within 28 days on ind.nl/Brexit.
  • You will then receive an acknowledgment of receipt from the IND.

What happens next?

  • Make a biometrics appointment online on ind.nl/Brexit as soon as possible.
  • Have your biometrics taken at an IND desk or expat centre.
  • The IND will then process your application within 90 days.
  • You will receive the IND decision by post.

Your residence permit

If your application is approved:

  • Make an appointment to collect your new residence permit online on ind.nl/Brexit.
  • Collect it at an IND desk or expat centre.

If you application has not been approved:

  • You can apply for review of the decision.

Find out what you can do now on ind.nl/Brexit

When you can expect to receive an invitation letter from the IND

During the transition period after Brexit, the IND will send out letters to around 45,000 UK nationals and their family members to apply for a new residence document. These invitations will be sent out in batches spread across the entire transition period and afterwards.

Once the IND has started sending out these letters, you will be able to see on the calendar below which letters have already been sent and which still have to be sent. This calendar will be regularly updated.

   Calender sending out invitation letters IND
(Click on image to view larger version)

  • The longer you have been registered in the Netherlands in the Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen or BRP), the earlier you will receive an invitation. In case of re-registration, the latest registration date determines when you will receive an invitation letter.
  • If family members in a household registered on different dates, the earliest registration determines when you will receive an invitation letter. The IND will invite family members in one household at the same time.
  • The IND will send out around 4,000 invitation letters each month. The higher the number of BRP registrations in one year, the longer it will take to send out invitations for that year.
  • After receiving the invitation letter during the transition period, you can submit an application for a (new) residence document online.
  • As soon as more information is available about the invitation process, this web page will be updated.

Q & As Brexit with a deal

Read the Q & As for Brexit with a deal.

Cross border workers

You are a cross border worker if you live outside the Netherlands and work in the Netherlands. You travel back to your country of residence on average once a week.

  • You are a cross border worker on the date of Brexit or during the transition period: nothing changes for you during the transition period up to and including 31 December 2020. After the transition period you are allowed to continue working as a cross border worker. More detailed information about this will be published on this website in due time.
  • You wish to start working as a cross border worker after the transition period: whether you can start working as a cross border worker depends on the further agreements to be made between the EU and the UK after Brexit.

Residence possibilities after 31 December 2020

Are you a UK national or the family member of a UK national travelling to live in the Netherlands after 31 December 2020 for a reason other than family reunification under the Withdrawal Agreement? Other provisions apply for you to be able to live in the Netherlands. You can find more information on the IND website under the different residence purposes, like EU, Family, Work and Dutch citizenship.

What you can do now

  1. If you have not already done so, register yourself in person in the Personal Records Database  (BRP) atyour town hall. The Dutch government can then get in touch with you if necessary.
  2. Then apply for a DigiD. With your DigiD, you can easily submit an online application to the IND. Do you already have a DigiD but no sms-verification? You can also set this up on My DigiD.
  3. Then make sure that you will also receive post from the IND digitally. Use your DigiD to log in to MijnOverheid at https://mijn.overheid.nl/. There you can access your Berichtenbox (message box) where you can receive digital post from government institutions, including the IND. Go to Instellingen (Settings) and under Landelijke Organisaties check Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (Immigration and Naturalisation Service, the IND).
  4. Open a Dutch bank account. You need this to set up iDEAL, an online payment method. You will need iDEAL to pay for an online application for a residence document.
  5. Do you have another EU/EEA or Swiss nationality? Make sure that nationality is listed in the Personal Records Database  (BRP). Then you will not receive an invitation letter because you will not need a residence document.

Questions?

Do you have any questions about your right of residence? Call the IND Brexit information line: +31 (0)88 04 30410. This number can be reached from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00.

On Government.nl you can find more information on other topics that may be relevant to you.