Dutch nationals and EU law

Last update: 28 May 2022

As a Dutch national, you are an EU citizen. But you can only derive rights from EU law if you have made use of the free movement of persons within the EU. Find out when, you, as a Dutch national can rely on EU law.

Situations in which Dutch nationals can rely on EU law

In these situations, you, as a Dutch national, have made use of the free movement of persons within the EU. So, you can rely on EU law.

You have stayed in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland with your partner or family member

You meet these requirements:

  • The stay with your partner or family member in the other EU/EEA country or Switzerland lasted at least 3 continuous months.
  • Your partner or family member does not have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland.
  • You and your partner or family member stayed in this EU/EEA country or Switzerland under EU law.

Did you stay outside the EU for more than 6 months after your stay in the EU/EEA country or Switzerland? In that case you can no longer rely on EU law.

You stayed in the United Kingdom (UK) with your partner or family member

You must meet these requirements:

  • You started living in the UK before or on 31 December 2020.
  • You and your partner or family member had a family relationship on or before 31 December 2020. This family relationship still exists.
  • The stay in the UK with your partner or family member lasted at least 3 continuous months.
  • Your partner or family member does not have the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland.
  • You and your partner or family member stayed in the UK under EU law. You were, for example, registered there as an EU citizen. Your partner or family member had a residence document there as a family member of an EU citizen. This does not apply if your partner or family member is a UK citizen.

You were an EU/EEA citizen or Swiss and you have become a Dutch citizen

You must meet these requirements.

  • You lived in the Netherlands under EU law as an EU/EEA or Swiss citizen.
  • You became a Dutch citizen later.

You were born in the Netherlands as an EU/EEA or Swiss citizen 


You must meet these requirements.

  • You have always lived in the Netherlands.
  • You became a Dutch citizen later. 

You have another nationality besides Dutch nationality

You must meet these requirements.

  • You came to the Netherlands and you became a Dutch citizen later. At the time you maintained your other nationality.
  • After you became a Dutch citizen, the country of your other nationality became an EU/EEA country.
     

Apply for verification against EU law

Are you a Dutch national and can you rely on EU law? In that case, you can  visit the web page Apply for verification against EU law for a family member of a citizen of the Union for requirements and more information. 

Apply for a residence permit for partner

Are you a Dutch national, but you cannot rely on EU law? In that case visit the web page Apply for residence permit for partner for the requirements and more information.