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Application for benefit from public funds and effects on your right of residence

You may apply for a benefit when you do not have enough money to live on. Then you ask the municipality where you live for some extra money. This is a benefit from the public funds. For this you do not pay any money. But, your right of residence may end because of the benefit. This means, you are not allowed to stay in the Netherlands any longer. This page provides information on the kind of benefits that may end your residence. 

​On the back of your residence document you will find some notes. There you can read if an application for a benefit may end your residence in the Netherlands. It concerns the following notes:

  • Claiming the public funds can have an effect on the right of residence. 

  • A more than supplementary claim on the public funds can have an effect the right of residence.

You are an EU/EEA national or Swiss citizen? In that case you not always have a residence document. Look for more information at the bottom of this page.

Benefit from public funds

There are several benefits from public funds that may end your residence. Most of them are paid according to the following laws:

  • the Participation Act (formerly Work and Social Assistance Act);

  • Income support for people who have reached state pension age (AIO); 

  • Disablement Assistance Act for Handicapped Young Persons (Wajong);

  • Social Assistance (Self-Employed Persons) Decree  (Bbz);

  • Act on Income Provisions for Older or Partially Disabled Unemployed Persons (IOAW);

  • Act on Income Provisions for Older or Partially Disabled Formerly Selfemployed Persons (IOAZ);

  • the Supplementary Benefits Act (TW) controlled by UWV;

  • the Interim Invalidity Criteria (Impact on Income) Act (WBIA). 

This listing is not complete. Benefits form public funds under other laws may also end your residence.

Benefit from public funds: your residence may end

Only people who have the right to live in the Netherlands may get a benefit. The municipality where you live decides whether you get a benefit from public funds. Your municipality can give you more information about this.  When you ask the municipality for a benefit, the municipality will pass this on to the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND).  After that the IND assesses carefully if the application will end your residence. If you withdraw the application for benefit from public funds, the IND will no longer be notified.

Housing benefit and health-care allowance, childcare and supplementary child benefit: no effects on the right of residence

An application for housing benefit, health-care allowance, childcare benefit and supplementary child benefit will not end your residence. The Dutch Tax Administration determines whether you are entitled to a benefit. You must check this at the Tax Administration yourself.

Claim on public funds by EU/EEA nationals or Swiss citizens

You have the nationality of Switzerland or of an EU/EEA Member State allowed to live in the Netherlands. Or you are a family member of an EU/EEA national or Swiss citizen and you have another nationality. An application for benefit from the public funds may end your residence. This depends on how long you have lived in the Netherlands legitimately. You have been living in the Netherlands legitimately for 5 years or more? In that case you usually have a permanent residence permit. Generally, stays shorter than five years are not permanent. The shorter your right of residence in the Netherlands is, the greater the chance that a benefit will end your residence.

Permanent residence and claim on public funds: your residence will not end

You will have permanent residence in any case, if you have had an uninterrupted legitimate 5-year stay in the Netherlands. An application for benefit from the public funds will not end your residence.

Non-permanent residence and claim on public funds: your residence may end

You (or your family member) claim(s) a benefit from public funds and you do not have permanent residence? Your right of residence may end. The IND will then assess your situation and look at the level of income. Different standards or rules apply to the income of economically active or economically inactive persons.

Economically active persons

An economically active person carries out real and actual work. This has to be paid work for a minimum number of hours. As long as you are economically active, you will have state of legal residence. In these circumstances your application for a (supplementary) benefit from public funds will not end your right of residence.

Economically inactive persons

You have no paid work, or you are a student, then you must have sufficient means of subsistence to live on. This applies to you and to your family members living in with you. You will meet the income standard anyway when your means equal the Dutch statutory minimum wage (only in Dutch) of persons aged 23 or above.

real and actual work

Works at least 40% of the usual full working hours. Or, the income from work is at least 50% of the appropriate social welfare benefits standard.