Are you an adult? You automatically lose the Dutch nationality in the following cases (by law):
- You voluntarily take another nationality. This does not apply if:
- you were born in the country of the other nationality. And if you lived there when you got this other nationality.
- before you became an adult, you lived for at least 5 consecutive years in the country of the other nationality.
- you are married to someone who has the other nationality.
- You make a declaration of renunciation (of your Dutch nationality). This can be done at your municipality or the Dutch embassy in the country where you live.
- You voluntarily serve in the armed forces of a state. And these armed forces fight against the Netherlands or one of the Dutch allies.
- You have dual citizenship. And you have lived for at least 10 consecutive years outside the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the European Union. The following situations form an exception to this rule:
- You have lived in the Kingdom of the Netherlands or the European Union for at least 1 of these 10 years.
- You have received a new Dutch passport or a declaration of Dutch citizenship on time. On time means before the 10 years are over. From the day you receive the passport or declaration, a new period of 10 years begins. A mere application for a passport or declaration before the end of the 10-year period is not in time. You must have actually received the passport or the declaration.
Loss through revocation
You can lose your Dutch citizenship because the Dutch Government revokes it. This can happen in the following situations:
- You, as an adult, after your naturalisation, have not done everything possible to renounce your other citizenship with your own authorities.
- You committed fraud during your naturalisation process or option procedure. For example, fraud that involves your identity. You commit fraud if you make a false declaration, deceive or conceal important facts. And you became a Dutch citizen as a result of it. You would not have received the Dutch nationality if you had not commited fraud.
- You are convicted of a crime against the safety of the Kingdom. For example, a war crime or a crime with a terrorist motive. These are actions that seriously harm the interests of the Kingdom.
Loss due to membership in a terrorist organisation
Dutch citizens who join a terrorist organisation abroad may lose their Dutch citizenship in the future. At this moment, it is already possible to revoke Dutch citizenship after a conviction for a terrorist offence in the Netherlands.
Loss for minors
Minors lose Dutch nationality, for example, in the following cases:
- Termination of the family relationship. Unless one of the parents is Dutch.
- Denial of paternity.
- Revocation of adoption.
- Reversal of the acknowledgement.
Minors can also lose Dutch citizenship in other ways.
Loss due to expired passport. And how can you prevent this?
Are you letting your passport expire and do you have dual citizenship? You can then lose your Dutch nationality. This is possible if, from the age of 18, you have lived for 10 years or longer outside the Kingdom of the Netherlands or the European Union. And you had dual citizenship during that period. You can prevent loss by continually applying for a new passport on time. On time means before the period of 10 years is over. You must receive the passport before the end of that period. A mere application for a passport or declaration before the end of the 10-year period is not in time. You must have actually received the passport or the declaration.
Declaration of Dutch citizenship
Do you only need your passport to confirm your Dutch nationality? In that case, you can request a 'Declaration of Dutch Citizenship'. This declaration costs € 30 and can be requested at the Dutch Embassy. This can be done digitally and by post. You must apply for this declaration before your passport expires.