Human trafficking is defined in the Netherlands as recruiting, transporting, transferring, admitting or housing a person, using force (in the broadest sense) with the aim of exploiting that person. Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery.
Exploitation can take place in the sex industry, think for example of involuntary prostitution, but also in other economic sectors. Human trafficking victims work under such poor working conditions and circumstances that their human rights are affected. Recruiting, transporting, etc a person with the aim of removing that person's organs is also punishable as human trafficking.
Human smuggling involves helping persons to enter and stay in a country illegally. The smuggled people are mostly illegal foreign nationals. Human smuggling is therefore not necessarily aimed at exploiting a person as in the case of human trafficking.
The IND has an important task in the early detection and in passing on signs of human trafficking to the investigative authorities. The IND is also responsible for making the residence arrangements for human trafficking victims and witnesses reporting human trafficking, the Human Trafficking Residence Scheme. The IND is able to reject and revoke residence permits if there is evidence of (an attempt at) trafficking in human beings.
In a national context, the IND tackles human trafficking in close partnership with various cooperating partners, including the police and the Public Prosecution Service, and is also a partner of the Expertise Centre for Human Trafficking and Human Smuggling. The IND also takes part in national and international projects and initiatives for countering human trafficking.
Richard is a human trafficking expert with the IND. Read more about the issues he faces in his daily work.