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Work experience as trainee or apprentice

You wish to gain work experience in the Netherlands as a trainee (for study purposes) or apprentice (for work purposes). You need a residence permit for this. What are the conditions for this residence permit? And how does the application procedure work?

​Are you a trainee or apprentice within the framework of an action programme of the European Union? Other conditions apply for you.

You or your employer apply for a Single Permit. This is a permit that allows a foreign national to stay and work in the Netherlands. The Single Permit combines the residence permit and the TWV. You only have to apply for one permit, to one authority: the IND. The IND asks advice from the Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency (UWV) about the labour market aspect. The Single Permit consists of a residence permit and an additional document that states for which employer the foreign national is permitted to work and under which conditions.

Other conditions apply to persons with the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland and their family members.

Conditions

There are certain conditions that apply to everyone. In addition, the following conditions apply:

Trainee

  • You are studying at an educational institution outside the Netherlands.
  • You are going to do a mandatory traineeship with a Dutch company.
  • You have a trainee agreement.
  • You have a trainee programme.
  • You have a return statement.
  • Your employer has a TWV for you.
  • Your employer declares that he or she is your sponsor.
  • The Dutch organisation is entered in the Trade Register of the Chamber of Commerce (if required by the Trade Registers Act 2007).

Apprentice

  • You are going to work for a Dutch company to gain the experience needed for your job in your country of origin.
  • You have a trainee agreement.
  • You have an education plan.
  • You have a return statement.
  • Your employer has a TWV for you.
  • The Dutch organisation is entered in the Trade Register of the Chamber of Commerce (if required by the Trade Registers Act 2007).
  • Your employer declares that he or she is your sponsor.

Young Workers Exchange Program (YWEP)

  • You have Canadian nationality.
  • You live in Canada.
  • You are 18 years of age or older, but younger than 31 years of age.
  • You are a student or you have graduated less than 12 months ago.

Criteria Foreign Nationals Employment Act

In order to get a work permit, you and your employer have to meet a number of criteria as set out in the Foreign Nationals Employment Act:

To gain work experience for study purposes (trainee) and YWEP

  • The trainee is enrolled in a regular educational programme.
  • There is a phased trainee agreement including learning objectives.
  • The traineeship is required to complete the educational programme.
  • The trainee has sufficient specific professional basic education.
  • In general, the trainee is in the final year of the educational programme.
  • The number of trainees (if there are more than 2) does not exceed 10% of the permanent staff.
  • A traineeship at MBO level (senior secondary vocational level) is no more than 6 months.
  • A traineeship at HBO level (higher professional education) is no more than 1 year.
  • The trainee has an income, including the trainee allowance, which is not lower than 50% of the minimum wage / youth wage.

To gain work experience for employment purposes (apprentice)

  • The apprentice is already employed by a foreign employer.
  • There is an agreement on the learning programme between the foreign employer and the Dutch company.
  • The experience gained is important to the development of the foreign employer's business operations.
  • The apprentice does not occupy a regular job position.
  • The trainee will return to the foreign employer.
  • He has sufficient specific professional basic education.
  • The number of apprentices (if there are more than 2) does not exceed 10% of the permanent staff.
  • The wage is in accordance with market conditions and meets at least the minimum wage of a 23-year-old employee.
  • The learning programme lasts up to 24 weeks.

Other conditions may apply for Turkish nationals and their family members.

Costs

This application costs € 792. 

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you must enclose with the application.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

 

Steps in the application procedure

1. Submit application and payment

To travel to the Netherlands, you need a provisional residence permit (mvv). The mvv is a sticker that the Dutch representation places in the passport. In some cases, you do not need an mvv.

You apply for the mvv and Single Permit at the same time. This can be done in 2 ways:

  • Your employer applies to the IND in the Netherlands.
    Your employer can find the forms at the bottom of this page. Your employer sends the application form together with the required documents to the IND. After the application has been received, the IND sends a letter stating how the fees are to be paid.
  • You apply to the Dutch representation in your country of origin or the country of continuous residence.
    You submit the application to the Dutch representation in your country of origin or country of continuous residence. The Dutch representation forwards your application to the IND. After you have submitted the application, you will get a letter from the Dutch representation stating how you have to pay the fees. For the application form, to submit the form and pay the fees, please contact the Dutch representation.

The IND recommends your employer to start the application. This helps save you travel costs for the journey to the Dutch representation.

2. Receipt and check application

After your application has been received, the IND sends a confirmation letter. The confirmation letter states the date the IND has received the application. It also states the period within which the IND makes a decision.

The IND will then check to see if your application is complete and that the fees have been paid. Are documents missing, or are documents not correct? In that case, the IND will send a letter: a request to rectify the omission. This letter lists the documents that still needs to be sent. Send the requested documents before the mentioned date to the IND.

3. Decision

​The IND checks if you and your employer meet all the conditions and asks advice from UWV about the labour market aspect.  The IND has to make a decision within a period of 90 days.

  • Negative decision
    If you or your employer do not meet the conditions, you will not get an mvv and a Single Permit. This decision is given in the formal decision. The IND will send the decision by post. You can apply for a review of this decision.
  • Positive decision
    If you meet all the conditions, you will get an mvv and a Single Permit. The IND will inform your employer. The IND also informs the Dutch representation.

4. Collect mvv

​You collect the mvv from the Dutch representation that your employer filled in on the application form, or where you have submitted the application form.

You have 3 months to collect the mvv. Please make an appointment for this with the representation. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months on the day you get the mvv.

Did your employer apply in the Netherlands? You then have to give your biometric information upon collecting the mvv.

5. Travel to the Netherlands

​Once you have collected your mvv, you can travel to the Netherlands. The mvv is valid for 90 days. The validity is shown on the mvv sticker. The mvv sticker shows 2 dates:

  • Effective date: as of this date the mvv is valid.
  • End date: as of this date the mvv is no longer valid.
The mvv allows you to travel within the Schengen Area.

Steps in the application procedure

1. Submit application and payment

​You do not have an mvv-required nationality. You are travelling to the Netherlands in your permit-exempt term. This means that you do not need a visa to travel to the Netherlands. You then have 3 months to apply for a Single Permit in the Netherlands.

You apply for a Single Permit. This can be done in 2 ways:

  • Your employer applies to the IND. This is also possible if you are still abroad.
    Your employer can find the forms at the bottom of this page. Your employer sends the application form together with the required documents to the IND. After the application has been received, the IND sends a letter stating how the fees are to be paid. 

  • You apply in the Netherlands.
    You submit the application to the IND. Please use the application form. The form is at the bottom of this page. Send the application form together with the required documents to the IND. The IND then sends a letter stating how the fees are to be paid.

You have to give your biometric information at an IND Desk within 2 weeks after having sent the application.

2. Receipt and check application

After your application has been received, the IND sends a confirmation letter. The confirmation letter states the date the IND has received the application. It also states the period within which the IND makes a decision.

The IND will then check to see if your application is complete and that the fees have been paid. Are documents missing, or are documents not correct? In that case, the IND will send a letter: a request to rectify the omission. This letter lists the documents that still needs to be sent. Send the requested documents before the mentioned date to the IND.

3. Decision

​The IND checks whether you and your employer meet all the conditions and asks advice from UWV about the labour market aspect. The IND has to make a decision within a period of 90 days.

  • Negative decision
    If you or your employer do not meet the conditions, you will not get a Single Permit. This decision is given in the formal decision. The IND will send the decision by post. You can apply for a review of this decision.
  • Positive decision
    If you and your employer meet all the conditions, you will get a Single Permit.

Are you still abroad? Upon arrival in the Netherlands, you then go to an IND desk to give the biometric information.

Application forms and costs

Aanvraag voor het verblijfsdoel ‘lerend werken’ (erkend referent) GVVA7008

Your employer recognised as sponsor uses this form to start your application. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

Your employer has a list of documents that you need.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 897.

  • Are you from San Marino or Israel? Based on the Benelux Treaty you do not pay for the application.
  • Are you NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Your application costs € 64.​​​​​​

Download  

Aanvraag voor een verblijfsvergunning met het verblijfsdoel 'lerend werken' (referent) GVVA7043

Your employer uses this form to start your application. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 897.

  • Are you from San Marino or Israel? Based on the Benelux Treaty you do not pay for the application.
  • Are you NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Your application costs € 64.​​​​​​

Download  

Application for family members of your employee via recognised sponsor7514

Your recognised employer uses this form to apply for the residence permit of your family members. Your employer can also start the application online.

Checklist documents

Your employer has a list of documents that you need.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 237.

  • Children under 18 pay € 51.
  • Are you from San Marino or Israel? Based on the Benelux Treaty you do not pay for the application.
  • Are you a family member of NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Or is your partner a Turkish national and does your partner have the right to work in the Netherlands? Your application costs € 64. ​

Download  

Application forms and costs

Aanvraag voor het verblijfsdoel ‘lerend werken’ (erkend referent) GVVA7008

Your employer recognised as sponsor uses this form to start your application. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

Your employer has a list of documents that you need.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 897.

  • Are you NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Your application costs € 51.​​​​​​

Download  

Aanvraag voor het verblijfsdoel ‘lerend werken’ Young Workers Exchange Program (erkend referent) GVVA7009

Your employer recognised as sponsor uses this form to start your application for the Young Workers Exchange Program. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 51.

Download  

Aanvraag voor een verblijfsvergunning met het verblijfsdoel ‘lerend werken’ (referent)7043

Your employer uses this form to start your application. You can also use this form for applications Young Worker Exchange Program. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 897.

  • The application YWEP costs € 51.
  • Are you NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Your application costs € 51.​​​​​​​

Download  

Aanvraag voor een verblijfsvergunning met het verblijfsdoel 'lerend werken' (vreemdeling) GVVA7045

Use this form to start your application. You can also use this form for applications Young Worker Exchange Program. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 897.

  • The application YWEP costs € 51.
  • Are you NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Your application costs € 51.​​​​​​​​

Download  

Application for a residence permit for a ‘long-term third country national from outside the EU’ (sponsor)7519

Use this form if you have the status 'long-term third country national' in another EU-country. Of if you are a family member of a person that has the status 'long-term third country national' in another EU-country and you already had a residence permit as a family member of your partner in that other country. Your partner (sponsor) submits the application.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs [Langdurige ingezetene die deze status heeft gekregen in een ander EU-land$zondermvvbedrag].

Download  

Application for a residence permit for a ‘longterm third country national from outside the EU’ (foreign national)7528

Use this form if you have the status 'long-term third country national' in another EU-country. Of if you are a family member of a person that has the status 'long-term third country national' in another EU-country and you already had a residence permit as a family member of your partner in that other country. 

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs [Langdurige ingezetene die deze status heeft gekregen in een ander EU-land$zondermvvbedrag].

Download  

Application for family members of your employee via recognised sponsor7514

​Your recognised employer uses this form to apply for the residence permit of your family members. Your employer can also start the application online.

Checklist documents

Your employer has a list of documents that you need.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 237.

  • Children under 18 pay € 51.
  • Are you from San Marino or Israel? Based on the Benelux Treaty you do not pay for the application.
  • Are you a family member of NATO personnel or personnel of TRON? You do not pay for the application.
  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Or is your partner a Turkish national and does your partner have the right to work in the Netherlands? Your application costs € 64. 

Apply online  Download  

After the application

Collect your residence permit

The IND aims to have the Single Permit ready for you within 2 weeks following your arrival in the Netherlands. You receive a letter when you can collect the Single Permit at the IND desk. You do not have to make an appointment for this.

Check to see if the information on the Single Permit is correct while you are still at the IND desk. If something is incorrect, inform the IND staff member at once.

Registration with the municipality

Upon arrival in the Netherlands, you must register in the Municipal Personal Records Database (BPR)  in the municipality you are going to live.

To register with the municipality you need a legalised and translated  birth certificate. Take this therefore with you when you travel to the Netherlands.

TB test

You have indicated your intent to undergo a tuberculosis test (TB test) when you applied. You have to make an appointment for this with the Area Health Authority (GGD). You do this within 3 months after having received your residence permit. Please take the 'TB test referral form' with you to the appointment.

In some cases you are exempt from taking a TB test.

Take out health insurance

​Anyone living in the Netherlands must take out health insurance. You do this within 4 months following your arrival in the Netherlands. This does not apply to you.

You are obliged to take out a Dutch public health care insurance once you have found a job or your internship salary will be €150 or more. You can also read the information on the website Zorgverzekeringslijn.

Validity residence permit

The period of validity of your Single Permit depends on the duration of your traineeship or apprenticeship. The residence permit is valid for no more than 1 year. 

Right to work

Besides the residence permit you also get an additional document. Your employer receives a copy of the additional document. The residence permit states 'Arbeid toegestaan conform aanvullend document' (work permitted according to additional document). The residence document and the additional document allow you to live and work for your employer in the Netherlands. The additional document states for which employer you may work and under which conditions.

Legal obligations

There are a number of legal obligations that apply to you and your employer.

The IND monitors your compliance with these legal obligations. Failure to meet these legal obligations may have consequences.

Further applications (extend or change) / return visa

Replacement of residence permit

Is your residence permit damaged, lost or stolen? In that case, have the residence permit replaced.

Extend residence permit

You generally cannot  apply for an extension of the residence permit granted to gain work experience. The residence permit can only be extended if it was first issued for a less than 1 year.

Change residence permit

You are going to quit your job or traineeship and you wish to stay in the Netherlands. You must change your residence permit.

Return visa

If you are awaiting a procedure, you do not have a valid residence document at present and you wish to travel outside the Netherlands, you may need a return visa to re-enter the Netherlands. This could be the case if your current residence permit is no longer valid or your current residence permit will expire during your stay outside of the Netherlands. To apply for a return visa you must meet certain conditions.  

Apprentice

​An apprentice is a person who has completed a study abroad. To gain work experience in this profession, he is going to work with a Dutch company.

TWV

​A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job. For more information about the TWV, check the website of UWV (only in Dutch).

Sponsor

​A sponsor is a person, employer or organisation that has an interest in the arrival of the foreign national in the Netherlands. A sponsor has rights, but also obligations with regard to the foreign national. The sponsor can start the application for the foreign national from the Netherlands .

Provisional residence permit (mvv)

​The provisional residence permit (mvv) is a visa you need if you wish to stay in the Netherlands for more than 90 days.

Dutch representation

​This is the Dutch embassy or consulate.

Country of continuous residence

​A country of continuous residence is a country (other than the country of origin) where you may lawfully live for more than 3 months. This means you have a valid residence permit for that country. Or that you are waiting for your application for a residence permit to be aproved.

Are you in a country in your free term? Of with a visa for short stay (maximum of 3 months)? This is not continuous residence.

Formal decision

​A formal letter with the decision on your application.