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Sufficient independent and long-term income

​​When you apply for a residence permit, you or your sponsor must have an income. This income must be independent, sufficient and long-term. This page explains when your income is sufficient, independent and long-term. 

Sufficient income

You have to show that you have sufficient income. Or your sponsor shows he has sufficient income. Your income must usually at least equal the statutory minimum wage. Sometimes a different income requirement applies. 

Stay with family member

Stay with spouse or partner

​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,565.40
​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,690.64

Stay with another family member


Married couples and unmarried couples living together

​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,565.40
​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,690.64

 ​Single parents

​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​​€ 1,095.78
​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​​€ 1,183.44

Study

The income requirement for study equals the amount that Dutch students receive based on the Student Finance Act. This amount is excluding school and tuition fees.

​Study type

​Monthly amount

Higher professional education and university education​€ 867.68
​Secondary and vocational education​€ 712.54

Study sponsored by a third person in the Netherlands

The student has different ways to show sufficient income. If a person in the Netherlands sponsors the student this person must have a sufficient income to support his own family situation supplemented by the amount according to the Student Finance Act. The amounts then are as follows:

Higher professional education and university education


Married couples and unmarried couples living together

​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 2,433.08
​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,558.32

Singles and single parents

​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,963.46
​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,051.12

Secondary and vocational education

Married couples and unmarried couples living together

​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 2,277.94
​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,403.18

Singles and single parents

​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,808.32
​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,895.98

Work

When you come to the Netherlands to work, you must earn the statutory minimum wage.

Statutory minimum wage

​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,565.40
​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,690.64

Other income requirements apply to residence permits:

Self-employed person

A self-employed person will have to earn at least 70% of the statutory minimum wage.

70% of the statutory minimum wage

​​​​​​​​Gross profit per month including holiday allowance​€ 1,183.44

Specific occupations in arts and culture

Occupation​

​Gross income per month before social security

​Leader 2nd violins, violas and double basses​€ 2,383
​First player or soloist wind section, first harpist and first timpanist​€ 2,383
​Core guidance cultural workshop departments​€ 2,536
​Designer (including scenic design, costumes, light, sound, video​€ 1,921
​Deputy first orchestra leader​€ 2,683
​Director​€ 4,233
​Soloist music/opera​€ 4,000
​Soloist cellist​€ 3,017
​Technical (project) specialist cultural workshop€ 2,118​
​Singer/musical artist​€ 2,971
​Actor​€ 4,233
​Artistic (deputy) director dance/musical/cultural workshop​€ 2,987
​Artistic leader or artistic advisor music/opera​€ 4,020
​Artistic project coordinator cultural workshop​€ 2,118
​Choreographer​€ 3,200
​Dancer/musical artist​€ 2,039
​Conductor ​€ 4,000
​First orchestra leader​€ 4,077

Work in the framework of an action programme of the European Union

When you come to the Netherlands to work in the framework of an action programme of the European Union you have to have an income of at least 50% of the statutory minimum wage.

50% of the statutory minimum wage

​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 782.70
​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 845.32

Next to your traineeship fee you may also count your own income. An example of your income is a scolarship or grant.

Highly skilled migrants and European Blue Card

The IND counts the reimbursements of expenses and fixed allowances (such as a thirteenth month) towards the calculation of the gross monthly salary when all of the following conditions are met: 

  • The reimbursements and allowances are contractually agreed. 
  • The reimbursements and allowances are transferred each month to a bank account in name of the foreign national.

The following pay elements do not count towards the calculation of the gross monthly salary:

  • The value of payment made in kind.
  • Uncertain, non-regular pay elements (for example overtime allowances, tips and payments from funds).
  • Vacation allowance.

Salary criteria

​Highly skilled migrants 30 years or older​€ 4,324 gross per month
​Highly skilled migrants younger than 30 years​€ 3,170 gross per month
​Highly skilled migrants following an orientation year for highly educated persons, or without an orientation year permit within 3 years after graduating or work as a scientific researcher*​€ 2,272 gross per month
​European Blue Card ​€ 5,066 gross per month

* This lower salary criterion also applies to you when your employer applies for a residence permit highly skilled migrant for you and you meet the conditions for a residence permit for the orientation year for highly educated persons 'looking for a job after study, promotion or research', but you did not previously have a residence permit for the orientation year on the basis of the same study programme or the same scientific research. Did you previously have a residence permit for the orientation year for highly educated persons, but  no application for a residence permit highly skilled migrant was submitted for you during or directly following this orientation year? In that case the lower salary criterion does not apply to you. Depending on your age, you must earn a salary that is at least equal to the salary criterion for highly skilled migrants 30 years or older, or the salary criterion for highly skilled migrants younger than 30 years.

Would you like to know which amount applies to your highly skilled migrant? Check it in this tabel.

Scientific researcher, guest lecturer or physician in training to be a specialist

Are you applying for a residence permit as a highly skilled migrant and you are a scientific researcher, a guest lecturer or a physician training to be a specialist? You then do not have to comply with the full standard amount applicable to highly skilled migrants. You have to earn at least 70% of the statutory minimum wage. The same applies to scientific researchers as defined in Directive 2005/71/EC.

The amount of 70% of the statutory minimum wage

​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,095.78
​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,183.44

Au Pair and Exchange

The host family has to earn at least the statutory minimum wage to support their own family situation supplemented by 50% of the statutory minimum wage for married couples and unmarried couples living together. The total income requirement then is as follows:

 Married couples and unmarried couples living together

​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 2,348.10
​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,535.96

Singles and single parents

​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,878.48
​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,028.76

Short stay visa

The person who is going to sponsor your stay must at least earn the minimum wage.

Married couples and unmarried couples living together, singles and single parents

​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,565.40
​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,690.64

Other purposes of stay and permanent stay

Married couples and unmarried couples living together

​​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,565.40
Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,690.64

Singles and single parents

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 1,095.78
​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 1,183.44

Medical treatment

You need to have at least the amount as described under Other purpoese of stay and permanent stay.

Is a person in the Netherlands sponsoring your stay for medical treatment?
This person must have sufficient income to support his own family situation supplemented by one of the following amounts:

  • 90% of the statutory minimum wage if you are single or a single parent.
  • 100% of the statutory minimum wage if your are coming to the Netherlands accompanied by your spouse or partner and possibly children. 

The amounts then are as follows:

Family situation financier: married couple or unmarried couple living together
Family situation foreign national: single or single parent

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 2,974.26
​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 3,212.22

Family situation financier: married couple or unmarried couple living together
Family situation foreign national: married couple or unmarried couple living together

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 3,130.80
​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 3,381.28

Family situation financier: single or single parent
Family situation foreign national: married couple or unmarried couple living together

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 2,661.18
​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,874.08

Family situation financier: single or single parent
Family situation foreign national: single or single parent

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Gross income per month before social security excluding holiday allowance​€ 2,504.64
​​​​​Gross income per month before social security including holiday allowance​€ 2,705.02

Independent and long-term income by source

There are various sources of independent income. The income is only independent if the work is permitted by law. It depends on the type of income to determine if the income is long-term.

Income from paid employment

The income from paid employment is independent when the employee pays taxes and social security contributions on these earnings. The IND makes use of the social security salary (sv-loon). This is the wage for which the social security contributions are calculated. The social security salary (sv-loon) is listed on your payslip. It is sometimes also referred to as wage for the Healthcare Insurance Act (ZVW) or as wage for withholding tax/fiscal wage (fiscaal loon).

Do you get paid every 4 weeks? You can convert the wages to a monthly amount: (gross salary per 4 weeks x 13) / 12 = monthly salary.

You may include surcharges (hazardous surcharge for example) and allowances (travel allowances for example) to the income. However, these surcharges and allowances have to be listed in the labour contract. And you pay taxes and social security contributions on these earnings.

When is income considered long-term? When you will receive the income for at least 12 months at the date the IND receives your application. For example an open-ended contract (permanent contract) or a temporary contract for at least 12 months. A probationary period counts towards the 12 months. For example, you have a fixed-term contract of 1 year including a probationary period of 2 months. Your income is then long-term.

Are you staying in the Netherlands less than 1 year? You must then have sufficient income to cover the period you live in the Netherlands. For example: you will stay in the Netherlands for 6 months. You must then have an income for these 6 months.

Work in paid employment through an employment agency or under an on-call contract or zero hours contract

Are you an agency worker? Under an on-call contract? Do you have a zero hours contract? Or is your employment contract valid for less than 12 months? Your income is long-term if you have had a sufficient income for each year in the 3 years prior to the application. And you still have a sufficient income.

It is allowed to have been unemployed for brief periods in time within these 3 years. However, no more than 26 weeks in total. You must have had an independent income during the periods of unemployment. You, for example, received unemployment benefits. Have you been ill for a longer period of time? A benefit under the Sickness Benefits Act is also independent income. The unemployment benefits and the benefit under the Sickness Benefits Act count towards the income requirement only if the amount of the benefits equals the income requirement. You may not have received social security benefits.

Are you applying for a residence permit to stay with a family member or relative? The income of your sponsor is long-term if you have had a sufficient income for 1 year prior to the application. Also, this income must at least be available for the next 6 months at the date the IND receives your application. Did you, during that year, receive unemployment benefits (WW) or a benefit under the Sickness Benefits Act (ZW)? In principle, these benefits no longer count toward the income requirement.

Irregular income and benefits in kind

Do you receive irregular income or benefits in kind? This income is long-term if received on a structural basis. Structurally means that you received this income at least 11 times in the 12 months prior to the date of the application. The lowest monthly amount is added to your regular income.

Income from work as a self-employed person or freelancer

Income from work as a self-employed person or freelancer is considered independent when you pay taxes and social security contributions. The IND checks to see if you meet the income requirement by taking your average income per financial year. This average income must meet the income requirement including holiday allowance.

The income is only long-term if you meet the following requirements:

  • The income is earned for 1.5 years.
  • The income will continue to be earned for another year at the date the IND receives the application.

To assess whether or not the income will be earned for another year, the IND checks the past income (from work as a self-employed person). 

Are you submitting an application for work as a self-employed person? Your income is assessed on the expected profit you will generate with your new company.

Income from benefits received

Income from benefits is considered independent only if the taxes and social benefit contributions have been paid. The following benefits are in any event independent income:

  • unemployment benefits;
  • benefits under the Sickness Benefits Act;
  • occupational disability benefit;
  • state pension benefits (AOW).

Social welfare benefits are not an independent income. The income is long-term if you receive the benefits for at least another 12 months following the date the IND receives the application.

Do you wish to sponsor a person coming to the Netherlands with a short stay visa? Inform with the Dutch representation (embassy or consulate) if you can be a sponsor with your social benefit and how to show your income. 

Income from your own funds

Income from your own funds includes for example:

  • dividend on shares or bonds
  • interest on savings
  • gains on investments

This income is independent if the source of your own funds is not affected. This for example means that the savings do not diminish.

Until 1 January 2018 applies: The income from your own funds is sufficient when 4% of these funds, converted per month, at least equals the income requirement. The IND considers the funds that are declared to the Tax and Customs Administration in the year before the application.

From 1 January 2018 applies: The income from your own funds is sufficient when the benefit from the base of savings and investments at least equals the income requirement. The IND considers the funds that are declared to the Tax and Customs Administration in the year before the application.

The income is only long-term if you meet the following requirements:

  • The income has been earned for already 1 year.
  • You still receive the income at the date the IND receives the application.

Do you wish to sponsor a person coming to the Netherlands with a short stay visa? Inform with the Dutch representation (embassy or consulate) if you can be a sponsor with your own funds and how to show your income. 

Merge income

You may merge income from various sources to meet the income requirement. The incomes must, however, all be independent and long-term. You can for example add income from work from paid employment to income earned as a self-employed person.

Demonstrate income

The application form has an appendix Proof of income. This appendix lists the documents that you need to enclose with your application.