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Coronavirus (COVID-19): effects on application or stay

​Most measures against the coronavirus no longer exist. There are not many consequences for your application or stay in the Netherlands. On this page you can read which special situations and relaxations still apply.

Frequently asked questions about the effects of the coronavirus

Below you can find answers to important questions about the consequences for your application or stay in the Netherlands. Those answers may change if the situation surrounding the coronavirus changes. It is possible that you receive a letter containing different information. Always follow the information that you read on this page. This page will be updated as new information becomes available.

Last updated: 8 April 2022

Access to the Netherlands

Last updated: 1 April 2022 (question removed)

I live or stay outside of Europe. Can I travel to the Netherlands?

Whether you can travel to the Netherlands depends on your situation. Read more about travelling to the Netherlands from abroad on the website of the Dutch government.

Short stay (visa or permit-exempt term)

Last updated: 25 March 2022

I am staying in the Netherlands with a short-stay visa which has expired or will expire soon. I cannot leave. Can I apply for an extension?

You can apply for an extension of your short-stay visa if you cannot return to your country of origin. The following situation must apply to you:

  • Your visa has expired or expires within 1 month; and

  • The airline has cancelled your flight. Or you had not booked a flight yet. You cannot book a (new) flight. Or you tested positive for COVID-19; and

  • You still meet the conditions for a short-stay visa .

Would you like to apply for a visa extension? Please call the IND. Keep your visa number and passport to hand. In this case, applying for a visa extension is free. Do you want to extend your visa due to a different personal situation? Please read more information on the page extension Schengen visa or visa exempt period

Is the IND going to renew your visa? Then you will not immediately have a visa sticker placed in your passport. You will receive a letter of confirmation. This visa extension is only valid within the Netherlands. You cannot travel to other Schengen countries. An application for extending your visa is free.

My visa is extended to 180 days, but expires soon. Can I apply for an extension again?

The total stay with a visa may never exceed 180 days. It is not possible to extend longer than 180 days. If your right of residence expires, the government expects you to try to return. Do you need help to return? Please contact your country's embassy or consulate in the Netherlands (opens in new window). Do you not return home even though there are already opportunities to do so? Then you can get an entry ban from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee when you leave. Unless you can prove that earlier departure was not possible.

Extension of your visa due to corona does not count in the calculation of the total stay. A short stay visa allows you to stay up to 90 days, within a 180-day period, in the Netherlands (or Schengen area). Do you reach these 90 days (or more) due to the extension? Then you do not have to wait 90 days outside the Netherlands (or Schengen area) before you re-enter the Netherlands with a visa.

I have extended my short-stay visa in the Netherlands. I can travel to my country of origin via another Schengen country. Can I do this with my visa?

If you now extend your short-stay visa, it is only valid in the Netherlands. However, you may travel to an airport in another Schengen country to take a flight to your country of origin. You are not allowed to stay in another Schengen country with your extended visa.

I am staying in the Netherlands without a visa (I do not need a visa), but my permit-exempt term is over or will expire soon. Can I apply for an extension?

According to the permit-exempt term you may stay in the Netherlands (and the Schengen area) for 90 days in a 180-day period. You may apply for an extension of this period. This is only possible in very special and unexpected situations. For example when it is impossible for you to leave the Netherlands due to the corona virus. Please read more information on the page extension Schengen visa or visa exempt period

When your permit-exempt ends, you have to leave the Netherlands. The Dutch government then expects you to try to return to your country of origin. Do you not return home even though there are already opportunities to do so? Then you can get an entry ban from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee when you leave. Unless you can prove that earlier departure was not possible. Do you need help to return home? Please contact your country's embassy or consulate in the Netherlands (opens in new window).

I am visiting the Netherlands on a short stay visa from another Schengen country. Can I apply for an extension of my visa here?

Yes, you can. Please call the IND to apply for a visa extension. 

Mvv (provisional residence permit)

Last updated: 25 March 2022

​I have a valid mvv, for the Netherlands or another Schengen country. Can I travel to the Netherlands?

With a valid mvv you will have access to the Netherlands, or another Schengen country. Please read the checklist on Rijksoverheid.nl before you travel to the Netherlands. Please read the 'Checklist for travel to the Netherlands' by the Dutch government. (opens in a new window).

I am in the Netherlands. My regular provisional residence permit (mvv) has been approved. But as a result of the coronavirus I cannot travel to my country of origin to collect my mvv. What should I do?

Normally you have to travel back to collect your mvv. The IND understands that travel is not always possible due to the corona crisis. Therefore, we make an exception to this rule if you meet the following 4 conditions:

  1. One of the following situations applies to you:
    • You were in your country of origin or country of continuous residence when you or your sponsor applied for an mvv. Continuous residence means that you may lawfully reside in that country for more than 3 months. You have a valid residence permit there or are waiting for a decision on your application for a residence permit; or
    • You travelled to the Netherlands on or after 15 June 2020 and before 23 January 2021. And you applied for an mvv here while you had legal residence;
  2. You travelled to the Netherlands with a short-stay visa. Or, if you did not need a visa, in the permit-exempt term;
  3. You could not travel back to your country of origin or continuous residence since 15 June 2020 due to travel restrictions and you can prove this;
  4. The IND approved your mvv application when you were already in the Netherlands;

Do all 4 conditions apply to you? Then you do not have to collect the mvv. You can make an appointment by phone to visit an IND desk. During the appointment, an IND staff member will check your documents. They will also take your biometric details (photo, fingerprints and signature). 

Please bring along to the appointment at the IND desk:

  • the letter stating that you are getting a residence permit (kennisgeving)

  • the original documents mentioned in this letter

  • your passport

  • documents showing that due to travel restrictions you could not return to your country of origin or continuous residence before 15 June 2020

Do you not meet the 4 conditions? Then you must collect your mvv in the country of origin or continuous residence, when this is possible again. You cannot collect your mvv in the Netherlands. 

I am in the Netherlands and I would like to apply for a residence permit. I have a nationality that needs an mvv, but due to the travel restrictions I cannot go back to my country. What should I do?

The IND is currently being flexible with the rule that you have to travel to the Netherlands with an mvv. We are doing this because of the travel restrictions. This means that in certain situations, you can apply for a residence permit without mvv in the Netherlands. Then you do not need to travel abroad to collect your mvv. 

Would you like to apply for a residence permit without mvv? Then you must fulfil the following 3 conditions:

  1. You arrived in the Netherlands before 23 January 2021;

  2. You are in the Netherlands with a short-stay visa or in your permit-exempt term. You risk being in a situation where your extended visa or permit-exempt term has expired and you cannot leave the Netherlands due to travel restrictions. Has your visa or permit-exempt term already expired? The IND is flexible in handling these cases if this is the result of force majeure (circumstances outside your control) due to the coronavirus;

  3. You and your sponsor meet all the conditions for the residence permit. See the conditions for your residence purpose on this website. Do the conditions say that you should you have passed the civic integration examination abroad? Then in this case, this condition does not apply.

Application for family or partner 

Do you meet the 3 conditions? Including the conditions to live with your family or partner in the Nederlands? Then you can send a written application to the IND by post. Please use this form: Application for the purpose of residence of ‘family and relatives’ (foreign national) – 7525

Please note: in the application form, under the reason for exemption from the mvv requirement, tick: “Other, there are special and personal circumstances on the basis of which you cannot travel back to your country to apply for an mvv.” Attach a letter to your application form explaining why you cannot travel abroad due to the coronavirus. Are you unable to travel due to other special circumstances? Please also mention these circumstances. You do not have to make an appointment at an IND desk to submit your application. You will receive a message from the IND about the handling of your application. 

Application by a recognised sponsor 

Do you have a recognised sponsor for, for example, knowledge migration or study? Then your recognised sponsor will submit the application in the usual way.

Other purposes of residence

Do you want to apply for a residence permit without mvv for a different purpose of residence? Please check our website to find the application form you need. 

Can I collect my mvv from the Dutch embassy?

That differs per embassy. Read more about the embassy or consulate in your country or region (opens in new window).

The embassy where I have to collect my mvv is still closed. What now?

Not all embassies are open. This depends on the local situation. Is your embassy still closed? Foreign Affairs will then only issue an mvv if you fall under an exception category of the EU entry ban (opens in new window). Or if you need an mvv with exceptional urgency. And if the local situation allows it. This differs per embassy. It is still possible that you cannot pick up an mvv yet. The IND will only consider your case urgent if you meet these three criteria:

  • You can prove that you can travel to the Netherlands at this time. This means that there are no physical restrictions and that the borders are open. Flights are departing from your country to the Netherlands. 

  • Your work or research comes under the vital professions.

  • You need to explain why your case is urgent. And you have to prove that this urgency relates to a vital profession. 

If you meet all three criteria, ask your employer to contact the IND. The IND will then determine whether the case is indeed urgent.

Do I get more time to collect the mvv, because of the measures against the coronavirus?

You normally have 3 months to collect your mvv. This has been extended to 6 months because of the corona crisis. What if it is not possible to collect your mvv within 6 months due to the coronavirus measures? The embassy or consulate will handle your case flexibly if you collect the mvv within 3 months following those 6 months. At your appointment, you must explain that you could not pick up your mvv sooner because of the corona crisis. So, you must collect the mvv within 9 months after the positive decision of the IND. 

Due to the corona virus, I am unable to collect the mvv in time (within 9 months). Or I cannot travel to the Netherlands in time with the mvv. Do I need to apply for a new mvv?

Will you be able to travel to the Netherlands soon? But is your mvv no longer valid? You can make a new appointment if the embassy or consulate is open. This appointment has to take place within 90 days after your current mvv expires. At the appointment you will have to explain that you could not travel with your mvv because of the measures. The embassy or consulate will then reissue your mvv.

Has it been more than 90 days since your mvv expired? Or were you unable to collect the mvv within 9 months? Then the embassy or consulate cannot simply reissue the mvv. You must then make a new application first. This can be done in the same way as you made the previous application. You have to pay for the new application as well. Have you received a positive decision on the new application? Then you can make an appointment to collect your new mvv from the embassy or consulate. 

I want to collect my mvv, but the embassy (or consulate) in the country where I am staying is still closed. I see that I can make an appointment at the Dutch embassy in a neighbouring country, is this allowed?

This is only allowed in special cases. Since it is very busy at embassies and consulates that are open again. The following situation should apply to you:

  • Your case is urgent. This is the case when the 9-month period in which you can collect your mvv is almost over;
  • You can travel to the neighbouring country. There are no physical restrictions and the borders are open;
  • The embassy or consulate in the neighbouring country has time and room to take over your case. The IND will look into this.

The IND must give permission to collect your mvv from another embassy. Therefore call your contact person at the IND. You can find the phone number in the letter from the IND stating that you will receive an mvv. The contact person will then check whether your case is urgent. And whether there is room at the embassy in the neighbouring country. Do you get permission? Only then you can make an appointment at the embassy to collect your mvv.

Residence permit

Last updated: 6 April 2022 (question removed)

Contents

The information below is divided into a general part and parts with additional information about a specific purpose of stay.

  • Residence permit: general information
  • Family
  • Work

​Residence permit: general information

I am abroad and have a valid residence permit, but I cannot return to the Netherlands. Does this have consequences for my residence permit?

With a residence permit, you may only be abroad for a certain period of time. How long you may stay outside the Netherlands depends on which residence permit you have. Read more about this on the page Staying abroad with a residence permit. Are you unable to travel back to the Netherlands in time due to the measures against corona? If you can explain that this is not your fault, there will be no consequences for your residence permit. This also does not affect future applications. For example, if you want to apply for a permanent residence permit or naturalisation.

I am abroad and my residence permit has expired or is about to expire. What should I do?

You can extend a residence permit at the IND from abroad. Please do this before your residence permit expires. If you submit the application after your residence permit has expired, you may then have a residence gap. What if you cannot submit certain documents (on time) because of the measures against the coronavirus? The IND will be flexible in handling such cases. Has you application for extension been granted? Then please make an appointment for collecting your residence document at an IND desk. Your document cannot be collected by someone else.

Do you want to travel to the Netherlands? And do you require a visa for this because of your nationality? You then have to apply for an entry visa to travel back to the Netherlands without a valid residence permit. You can only do this if you still have right of residence in the Netherlands. You can enter the Netherlands if you have an entry visa. Visit the The Ministry of Foreign Affairs' website to find out if you can apply for an entry visa in your country (opens in new window).

I no longer have the right to stay in the Netherlands. But I cannot travel back to my country. Is this a problem?

Request an extension of your residence document if this is possible. What if an extension is not possible? Then you have to leave the Netherlands, if possible. The Dutch government understands that it may be more difficult to return during this period. But the government does expect you to try to return when your right of residence expires. Do you not return home even though there are already opportunities to do so? Then you can get an entry ban from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee when you leave. Do you need help to return home? Please contact your country's embassy or consulate in the Netherlands (opens in new window).

Family

I am a sponsor and have applied for a residence permit (decision not yet received) for my partner or family member. Because of the coronavirus crisis, I no longer meet the income requirements. What now?

The conditions for the residence permit include the condition that your income must be high enough (sufficient). And that you have been receiving the income for long enough (sustainable). As a result of the coronavirus crisis, the IND is being more flexible with the income conditions in some situations.

  • Income from employment
    Under the short-time working scheme (wtv), which has since been discontinued, you can temporarily have a lower income. Do you come below the required amount because of the wtv? The IND considers your lower income to be sufficient because this is a temporary measure. However, you must have had sufficient income when you applied.

    Your application will temporarily not be rejected because your income is no longer sustainable due to the coronavirus crisis. For example, because you lost your job because of the coronavirus crisis. You must have applied for the residence permit for your partner or family member when your income was still sustainable.

    Was your income already not sufficient and/or sustainable when you applied? Then the IND will not be more flexible with the income requirements. 

  • Income from self-employment or flexible employment
    Usually, you are not allowed to receive welfare benefits. However, the IND understands that as a self-employed entrepreneur or flex worker, you may require temporary assistance during the coronavirus crisis. Do you receive financial support for self-employed professionals (Bbz)? Or the Temporary bridging measure for flexible employees (TOFA)? Then the IND sees your income as sufficient. We will not reject the application for your partner or family member on the income requirement. This exception only applies to the Bbz and TOFA. You must have applied for the residence permit for your partner or family member when your income was still sufficient and sustainable.

    Was your income already not sufficient and/or sustainable when you applied? Then the IND will not be more flexible with the income requirements. 

Notify the IND

If you no longer meet the income requirements, you are obliged to let the IND know by letter. The address can be found on the web page about post. More information about a sponsor's legal obligations can be read on the web page 'Legal obligations private sponsor'.

Work

I have a residence permit as a self-employed person. I would like to apply for financial support for self-employed professionals (Bbz). Does this affect my residence permit?

Normally, you are not allowed to receive social benefits if you have a residence permit as an independent entrepreneur. However, the IND understands that the corona crisis may require temporary assistance. If you apply for financial support for self-employed professionals (Bbz) (in Dutch only), you will not lose your residence permit for this reason. This also applies to your partner or family member's residence permit if you are their sponsor. However, you must notify the IND that you are receiving support under Bbz. 

My residence permit as a start-up is about to expire. I would therefore like to apply for a residence permit as a self-employed person. What impact does the coronavirus crisis have on my application?

When assessing the application for a residence permit as a self-employed person (following residence as a start-up), the IND usually looks at the likelihood of the start-up being successful. A statement from a reliable business mentor (facilitator) in the Netherlands is important. The coronavirus crisis makes it difficult to assess whether a start-up will be successful. Therefore, the IND will focus on progress and collaboration during the past year and the chances of success under normal circumstances. The facilitator's statement remains important in this regard. You also still have to meet the conditions that apply to residence as a self-employed person. Find out what the conditions are on the web page 'Self-employed person'.

I have a residence permit for the purpose of residence of highly skilled migrant or work in paid employment. Due to the corona crisis, I temporarily earn less than the income requirement that applies to me. What does this mean for my residence permit?

You must meet a monthly wage criteria. This still applies. This means that you may not earn less than the required amount that applies to you. If your employer has made use of the temporary short-time working scheme (wtv), which has now been withdrawn, the IND will handle this situation flexibly. Your residence permit will not be revoked if you temporarily receive less salary for that reason. Is your salary below the required amount for another reason? Then this may have consequences for your residence permit. The IND can withdraw the residence permit. Your employer must inform the IND if you earn less than the wage criteria.

Information for employers

Last updated: 8 April 2022 (question removed)

​Because of the measures against the coronavirus, my employee cannot come to the Netherlands. Do I need to report this to the IND?

Yes, under your obligation to provide information, you must report changes to the IND within 4 weeks. For example in the following situations:

  • The employee that I have applied for residence for is no longer coming to the Netherlands.
  • The employee that I have applied for residence for is coming to the Netherlands later than indicated in the application.
  • The employee with a residence permit cannot return to the Netherlands. As a result, the employee can no longer meet the conditions associated with the residence permit. For example, a highly skilled worker will earn less than the required salary in the coming period, because they cannot work.

Report these and other changes that are important for the right of residence in the Business Portal or use one of the notification forms on our website. And make sure that you record these situations in your administration because of your duty to keep records. You can find more information regarding your legal obligations and the notification forms on the following web pages: Legal obligations (recognised) sponsor labour-related purposes and Legal obligations recognised sponsor researcher.

How long can my employee stay abroad without consequences for the residence permit?

Someone with a residence permit may only be abroad for a certain period of time. How long exactly depends on the residence permit. Highly skilled migrants and scientific researchers are not allowed to work outside the Netherlands for more than a total of 8 months in a 12-month period. They must also still meet the conditions for the residence permit, such as the salary criterion, when staying outside the Netherlands. Is your employee staying outside the Netherlands for longer than the maximum permitted period? In that case, the main residence may have been moved. And the permit can be revoked or not renewed. For more information, see the 'Main residence in the Netherlands' page.

Report to IND 

Is your employee staying abroad longer than permitted? Then you must report this to the IND. Is your employee unable to travel back to the Netherlands on time due to the coronavirus? Then you must be able to prove that there are no options for your employee to travel to the Netherlands. You report this notification via the Business Portal. Or one of the notification forms on the pages Legal obligations (recognised) sponsor labour-related purposes and Legal obligations recognised sponsor researcher

Choose the option "other changes" in the form. And state in the comments section the reason that your employee cannot come to the Netherlands. Add supporting documents to the form. The IND assesses these reports by looking at the individual situation of the employee.

Information for educational institutions

Last updated: 8 april 2022 (question removed) 

Because of the measures against the coronavirus, my student cannot come to the Netherlands. Do I need to report this to the IND?

Yes, under your obligation to provide information, you must report changes to the IND within 4 weeks. For example in the following situations:

  • The student that I have applied for residence for is no longer coming to the Netherlands.
  • The student that I have applied for residence for is coming to the Netherlands later than indicated in the application.
  • The student with a residence permit cannot return to the Netherlands. As a result, the student can no longer meet the conditions associated with the residence permit.

Report these and other changes that are important for the right of residence in DVS or use one of the notification forms on our website. And make sure that you record these situations in your administration because of your duty to keep records. You can find more information regarding your legal obligations and the notification forms on the page Legal obligations recognised sponsor study.

How long can a student stay abroad with a residence permit for study?

Will the student follow online education from abroad? Then a maximum stay of 12 months abroad is permitted up to and including 31 August 2021. What if the student has not returned to the Netherlands in time? Then you need to deregister the student with the IND.

Starting on 1 September 2021, a student can stay outside the Netherlands for a maximum of 6 months in a row. The same rule applied before the coronavirus crisis. What if the student stays abroad for longer than 6 months? Then the IND sees this as a change of main residence. You must deregister the student with the IND.

Examples:

  • The student left the Netherlands between 1 March 2020 and 1 September 2020 (including these dates). The student must be back in the Netherlands within 12 months.
  • The student left the Netherlands between 1 September 2020 and 1 March 2021 (including these dates). Then the student must be back in the Netherlands on 1 September 2021.
  • The student left the Netherlands after 1 March 2021. The student must be back in the Netherlands within 6 months of the date on which they left the Netherlands.

There are two exceptions where the student may be outside the Netherlands for longer than 6 months in a row:

  • The student is following studies abroad as part of their studies in the Netherlands.
  • The stay outside the Netherlands is due to circumstances outside the student's control. For example, if the student can prove that it was not possible to travel back to the Netherlands. After your notification, the IND will assess this on a case-by-case basis.

For more information, see the 'Main residence in the Netherlands' page.

If university students suffer a study delay due to the coronavirus, does this have consequences for their residence permits?

Did the student (excluding exchange student) make too little study progress at the end of the academic year? Then the educational institution must determine whether there is a valid reason for this. This is called an excusable reason. The corona crisis can be an excusable reason for insufficient study progress. This falls under: the inability to study. Can the student follow an alternative form of education? And does the student have the opportunity to earn enough credits? Then this is not seen as an inability to study. This is also stated in the guidelines of the National Commission on the Code of Conduct (in Dutch only, opens in new window).

Does the student have an excusable reason as a result of which he makes too little study progress? Then this has no consequences for the residence permit. The student does not have to be deregistered from the IND. Reporting the reason is also not necessary. The educational institution must, however, include the reason in its administration. Want to know more about study progress and consequences for the residence permit? Please read the 'Study progress monitoring' page.