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Return to the Netherlands and former Dutch citizens

You are a former Dutch citizen or lived in the Netherlands before. You now want to return to the Netherlands. You do not have Dutch nationality. To live in the Netherlands you need a residence permit. What are the conditions? And how can you apply?

Other conditions apply to persons with the nationality of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland and their family members.

Who can apply for the residence permit?

You can submit an application to live in the Netherlands again in the following situations:

  • You were born and bred in the Netherlands. You lost your Dutch nationality after you had left the Netherlands.
  • You were born abroad as a Dutch citizen. You later lost your Dutch nationality.
  • Your Dutch nationality was revoked, because after your naturalisation, you did not do everything possible to renounce your original nationality.
  • You renounced your original nationality, because after your naturalisation, you did not do or did not want to do everything possible to renounce your original nationality.
  • You lived in the Netherlands as a minor.
  • You returned to your country of origin under the Repatriation Act. You now want to make use of Article 8 of the Repatriation Act to return to the Netherlands.
  • You filed an application with the court to determine if you have Dutch nationality (application under Article 17 of the Netherlands Nationality Act).

Conditions

There are certain conditions that apply to everyone. In addition to these conditions, the following conditions apply to you:

Born and bred former Dutch citizen

  • You were born and bred in the Netherlands.
  • You lived in the Netherlands as a Dutch citizen.

Do you not have a valid travel document? Your application will not be rejected if you do not have a valid travel document.

Former Dutch citizen 18 years of age or older. You live in another country than the country of your nationality

  • You are 18 years of age or older.
  • You live in a country other than the country you have the nationality of.
  • You have special ties with the Netherlands. You can have special ties with the Netherlands based on, for example, work, education or upbringing. For example, one or more of the following special ties:
    • you completed primary education (or half thereof) in the Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten or the Caribbean Netherlands;
    • you followed a training course that - more than usual at the time - focused on the Netherlands; or
    • you worked as a civil servant employed by the Netherlands.
  • You have passed the civic integration examination abroad or you are exempt from taking this examination.

Former Dutch citizen because of a revocation of nationality

  • Your Dutch nationality was revoked, because after your naturalisation, you did not do everything possible to renounce your original nationality.
  • You did not go and live outside the Netherlands.
  • You submit the application within 2 years after notification of the decision revoking your Dutch nationality.

Former Dutch citizen because of a declaration of renunciation

  • You lost Dutch nationality because you made a declaration of renunciation. Your Dutch nationality would be revoked, because after your naturalisation, you did not do everything possible to renounce your original nationality.
  • At the time when you were granted Dutch nationality, you had lived in the Netherlands with a valid residence permit for at least 3 consecutive years.
  • You did not go and live outside the Netherlands.
  • You submit the application within 2 years after having made the declaration of renunciation.

You lived in the Netherlands as a minor. You are still a minor.

  • You are younger than 18 years of age; and
  • You have arranged your reception and legal representation in the Netherlands; and
  • You lived in the Netherlands for at least 10 years with a valid residence permit or you were a Dutch citizen at the time; or
  • Before this application, you stayed in the Netherlands for 5 years with a valid residence permit or you were a Dutch citizen at the time. The Netherlands is the most suitable country for you to live in. This will be assessed by the Minister. The following will be assessed:
    • Your reason for returning to the Netherlands.
    • The time you lived in the Netherlands and in the country or origin.
    • The education you received in the Netherlands and abroad.
    • The work experience you gained in the Netherlands and abroad.
    • Your knowledge of the Dutch language.
    • Family members staying in the Netherlands.
    • Previous attempts to return to the Netherlands.

You lived in the Netherlands as a minor. You are an adult now.

  • You are 18 years of age or older.
  • Before you turned 18 years of age, you lived in the Netherlands with a valid residence permit for at least 5 consecutive years.
  • The Netherlands is the most suitable country for you to live in. This will be assessed by the Minister. The following will be assessed:
    • Your reason for returning to the Netherlands
    • The time you lived in the Netherlands and in the country or origin
    • The education you received in the Netherlands and abroad
    • The work experience you gained in the Netherlands and abroad
    • Your knowledge of the Dutch language
    • Family members staying in the Netherlands
    • Previous attempts to return to the Netherlands.
  • You have passed the civic integration examination abroad or you are exempt from taking this examination.

Or

  • You are 18 years of age or older.
  • You submit the application before you turn 28.
  • Before you turned 18 years of age, you lived in the Netherlands with a valid residence permit for at least 10 years.
  • You have passed the civic integration examination abroad or you are exempt from taking this examination.

Re-entry based on the return option under the Repatriation Act

  • One of the following situations applies to you:
    • A returning emigrant;
    • The partner of a returning emigrant and you left the Netherlands together with your partner. Before your departure, you lived in the Netherlands with a valid residence permit or as a Dutch citizen for at least 3 years;
    • You are the child of a returning emigrant. You lived with your parent(s) in the Netherlands as a minor child. You submit the application together with your parent(s);
    • You are the child of a returning emigrant. You lived with your parents in the Netherlands as a minor child. You turned 18 years of age or older within 1 year after your departure and want to return to the Netherlands voluntarily.
  • You left the Netherlands under the Repatriation Act. You make use of Article 8 of the Repatriation Act in order to return to the Netherlands.
  • You return to the Netherlands within 1 year after departure or you submit the application within 1 year after departure.
  • You have not made use of the return option under the Repatriation Act before.
  • You have passed the civic integration examination abroad or you are exempt from taking this examination.

Residence pending an application for determination of Dutch citizenship

  • You filed an application for determination of Dutch citizenship with the District Court of The Hague. You filed the application under Article 17 of the Netherlands Nationality Act.
  • Your application shows that there is a good chance that the court will rule that you are a Dutch citizen.
  • The IND has decided that, pending the decision on the application for determination of Dutch citizenship, you will not be removed from the Netherlands as a foreign national.
  • You did not go and live outside the Netherlands.

Other conditions may apply for Turkish nationals and their family members.

Costs

This application costs € 1016.

  • Do you submit an application under Article 8 of the Repatriation Act? You do not pay fees for the application.

Checklist for documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application.

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

 

Steps in the application procedure

1. Submit application and payment

To travel to the Netherlands, you need a special visa: a provisional residence permit (mvv). The mvv is a sticker that the Dutch representation places in the passport. In some cases, you do not need an mvv.

You apply for the mvv and the residence permit at the same time. You submit the application to the Dutch representation in your own country or country of continuous residence. The Dutch representation forwards your application to the IND.

After you have submitted the application, you will get a letter from the Dutch representation stating how the fees are to be paid. For the application form and to submit the application, please contact the Dutch representation.

You have to give your biometric information upon submitting the application.

2. Receipt and check application

After your application has been received, the IND sends a confirmation letter. The confirmation letter states the date the IND has received the application. It also states the period within which the IND makes a decision.

The IND will then check to see if your application is complete and that the fees have been paid. Are documents missing, or are documents not correct? In that case, the IND will send a letter: a request to rectify the omission. This letter lists the documents that still needs to be sent. Send the requested documents before the mentioned date to the IND.

3. Decision

​The IND checks if you meet all the conditions. The IND has to make a decision within a period of 90 days.

  • Negative decision

    If you do not meet the conditions, you will not get an mvv and a residence permit. This decision is given in the formal decision. You can apply for a review of this decision.
  • Positive decision

    If you meet all the conditions, you will get an mvv and a residence permit. The IND also informs the Dutch representation.

4. Collect mvv

​You collect the mvv from the Dutch representation where you have submitted the application form. This is also the representation where you did your civic integration examination abroad.

You have 3 months to collect the mvv. Please make an appointment for this with the representation. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months on the day you get the mvv.

5. Travel to the Netherlands

​Once you have collected your mvv, you can travel to the Netherlands. The mvv is valid for 90 days. The validity is shown on the mvv sticker. The mvv sticker shows 2 dates:

  • Effective date: as of this date the mvv is valid.
  • End date: as of this date the mvv is no longer valid.
The mvv allows you to travel within the Schengen Area.

Steps in the application procedure

1. Submit application and payment

​You do not need a visa to travel to the Netherlands. You can apply for a residence permit directly.

You apply for the residence permit to the IND yourself. Use the application form. The form is at the bottom of this page. You send the application form together with the required documents to the IND by post. After the application has been received, the IND sends a letter stating how the fees are to be paid.

After the IND has received your application, you must visit an IND Desk within 2 weeks to provide your biometric information. Make an appointment online to visit an IND Desk.

2. Receipt and check application

After your application has been received, the IND sends a confirmation letter. The confirmation letter states the date the IND has received the application. It also states the period within which the IND makes a decision.

The IND will then check to see if your application is complete and that the fees have been paid. Are documents missing, or are documents not correct? In that case, the IND will send a letter: a request to rectify the omission. This letter lists the documents that still needs to be sent. Send the requested documents before the mentioned date to the IND.

3. Decision

​The IND checks whether you meet all the conditions. The IND has to make a decision within a period of 90 days.

  • Negative decision
    If you do not meet the conditions, you will not get a residence permit. This decision is given in the form of a letter: the formal decision. The IND will send the decision by post. You can apply for a review of this decision.

  • Positive decision
    If you meet all the conditions, you will get a residence permit.
Are you still abroad? Upon arrival in the Netherlands, you then go to an IND desk to give the biometric information.

Application forms and costs

Registration Form Basic Civic Integration Examination Abroad

Use this form to register for the Civic Integration Examination Abroad.

Please note: This is not an IND form, but a form of the Education Executive Agency (DUO).

Register  

Application form available at Dutch representation

For the application form and information on how to apply, please contact the Dutch representation.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 1016.

  • Do you submit an application under Article 8 of the Repatriation Act? You do not pay fees for the application.
  • Are you from San Marino or Israel? Based on the Benelux Treaty you do not pay for the application.​

Application forms and costs

Application for a residence permit with the purpose of residence ’non-temporary humanitarian’ (foreign national)7527

​Use this form if you are going to apply in the Netherlands. One of the following situations applies to you:

  • You are a former Dutch citizen born and bred in the Netherlands.
  • You are a former Dutch citizen and 18 years or older. You live in a country other than the country you have the nationality of. You have special ties with the Netherlands.
  • You are a former Dutch citizen 18 years or older. You have lost the Dutch nationality due to revocation or a declaration of renunciation, because you have not done all things possible to renounce your nationality of origin.
  • You are under 18 years old. You have arranged your reception and legal representation in the Netherlands. You have legally lived in the Netherlands (or as a Dutch citizen) for at least 10 years.
  • You are under 18 years old. You have arranged your reception and legal representation in the Netherlands. You have legally lived in the Netherlands (or as a Dutch citizen) for at least 5 years. The Netherlands is the most suitable country for you to live in.
  • You return to the Netherlands based on the return option under the Repatriation Act.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible (clear enough to be read).
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 1016.

  • Do you submit an application under Article 8 of the Repatriation Act? You do not pay fees for the application.

Download  

Notification of an application for a regular residence permit under Article 8 ECHR/humanitarian grounds7549

Use this form if you are going to apply in the Netherlands because you are returning to the Netherlands on the grounds of the Remigrationlaw. Your residence permit has expired more than 2 years ago.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible (clear enough to be read).
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 51.

Download  

Aanvraag EU verblijfsvergunning voor langdurig ingezetenen of een verblijfsvergunning voor onbepaalde tijd6009

​Use this form if you lived in the Netherlands as a minor child and are now an adult.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs . 

  • Do you have the Turkish nationality? Your application costs.

Download  

Application for a residence permit with the purpose of residence ’temporary humanitarian’ (foreign national)7526

​Use this form if you submit an application for residence pending your application for determination of Dutch citizenship.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

You have to have official foreign documents legalised and translated into Dutch, English, French or German.

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.

Costs application

This application costs € 1016.

Download  

After the application

Collect your residence permit

The IND aims to have your residence permit ready within 2 weeks following your arrival in the Netherlands. The IND will send you a letter indicating when you can collect the residence permit.
Make an online appointment to collect your residence permit. You do not necessarily need an appointment to do this. However, keep in mind that there might be a considerable waiting time if you do not have an appointment.

Check to see if the information on the residence permit is correct while you are still at the IND desk. If something is incorrect, please inform the IND staff member at once.

Registration with the municipality

Upon arrival in the Netherlands, you must register in the Municipal Personal Records Database (BPR)  in the municipality you are going to live.

To register with the municipality you need a legalised and translated  birth certificate. Take this therefore with you when you travel to the Netherlands.

Civic integration in the Netherlands

If you are subject to the integration requirement, you will receive a letter from the Education Executive Agency (DUO) stating that you must integrate in the Netherlands.

Validity residence permit

The residence permit granted on non-temporary humanitarian grounds is valid for 5 years.

The residence permit pending an application under Article 17 of the Netherlands Nationality Act is valid for 1 year or shorter if the court decides on the application earlier.

Right to work

The back of your residence permit shows if you are allowed to work. You are free to work in the Netherlands if you have a residence permit granted on temporary humanitarian grounds or non-temporary humanitarian grounds. Your residence permit states 'arbeid vrij toegestaan, TWV niet vereist' (work freely permitted, no work permit required).

Legal obligations

​There are a number of legal obligations that apply to you.

The IND monitors your compliance with these legal obligations. Failure to meet these legal obligations may have consequences.

Further applications (extend or change) / return visa

Replace residence permit

Is your residence permit damaged, lost or stolen? In that case, have the residence permit replaced.

Extend residence permit

Is your residence permit due to expire soon? Apply for an extension.

Change residence permit

Has something changed in your situation that influences your residence permit? Please report this immediately to the IND. It may mean that the residence permit has to be changed.

Permanent stay

Having had a residence permit for a period of 5 years, you may apply for a permanent residence permit.

Becoming a Dutch citizen

Having had a residence permit for a period of 5 years, you may apply for Dutch citizenship.

Return visa

If you are awaiting a procedure, you do not have a valid residence document at present and you wish to travel outside the Netherlands, you may need a return visa to re-enter the Netherlands. This could be the case if your current residence permit is no longer valid or your current residence permit will expire during your stay outside of the Netherlands. To apply for a return visa you must meet certain conditions. ​

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Dutch representation

​This is the Dutch embassy or consulate.

Country of continuous residence

​A country of continuous residence is a country (other than the country of origin) where you may lawfully live for more than 3 months. This means you have a valid residence permit for that country. Or that you are waiting for your application for a residence permit to be aproved.

Are you in a country in your free term? Of with a visa for short stay (maximum of 3 months)? This is not continuous residence.

Formal decision

​A formal letter with the decision on your application.

TWV

​A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job. For more information about the TWV, check the website of UWV (only in Dutch).