In 2018, the number of asylum applications decreased compared to the year before.
In 2018, the IND received 30,380 asylum applications. In 2017 there were around one thousand more (31,327). The slight decrease in influx does not mean that the IND has less work to do, because processing the current applications still takes a lot of time and attention.
The influx numbers mentioned consist of a calculation of three types of asylum applications distinguished by the IND, namely 'first applications', 'repeat applications' and 'applications in the context of family reunification.' Persons coming over for family reunification are family members (spouse, partner or child) of persons who have already been granted a temporary residence permit. They may then apply for family reunification.
More first applications
While at first glance the total influx number does not seem to have changed much, a closer look reveals that the influx of asylum applicants from Iran, Turkey, Moldova and Algeria was larger in 2018 than in 2017. Together, the asylum seekers from these countries accounted for around 3100 applications (including repeated applications and family reunification). In total, the number of first asylum applications increased in 2018 (by 5637), compared to the year before (20,353 in 2018, compared to 14,716 in 2017).
Less family reunification
The increase in first applications contrasts with the decrease of around 8,000 family members entering in 2018 for family reunification (6,463 compared to 14,490 in 2017). Syrians account for the largest portion of this decrease. In 2018, 2,137 Syrians came to the Netherlands in the context of family reunification, whereas in 2017 this number was 8,582. This can be explained logically, because the total number of first asylum applications by Syrians halved in 2018 compared to 2017 (5,203 opposed to 10,829). Hence, this affected the number of applications for family reunification.