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Permanent asylum residence permit

You wish to continue to live permanently in the Netherlands. You can apply for a permanent residence permit. What are the conditions for this residence permit? And how does the application procedure work?

 

Conditions

  • You already have a temporary asylum residence permit for 5 years.
  •  You still meet the conditions for a  temporary asylum residence permit.
  • Do you have a temporary asylum residence permit as a family member travelling in connection with family reunification? The IND calls this a derived asylum permit. In that case there is the following condition: You have had a continuous stay of 5 years in the Netherlands before submitting your application for permanent stay. This means that you have not stayed outside the Netherlands for more than 6 months within these 5 years, or in total more than 10 months. Do you wish to apply for the residence permit as long-term resident EC? This is only possible if the family member you are staying with also has or has applied for the residence permit as long-term resident EC.
  • You are registered in the Municipal Personal Records Database (BRP) in your place of residence (municipality). You do not have to show this. The IND checks if you meet this condition.
  • You have a valid residence permit up and till the IND makes a decision on your application.
  • You have passed the civic integration examination or you are  exempt and do not have to take this exam.
  • Do you wish to get the residence permit as long-term resident EC? You must have  a sufficient independent long-term income.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application.

Long-term resident EC

It is also possible to apply for a residence permit as long-term resident EC. You should then meet the conditions for a residence permit as long-term resident EC. You can also apply for the permit as a long-term resident EC when you already have a permanent residence permit.

Having a residence permit as a long-term resident EC allows you to apply more easily for a residence permit in one of the other EU countries that also have this residence permit. You do have to meet the conditions that that country has for a residence permit.

This page only gives information on the conditions for the permanent residence permit. You can find the conditions for the residence permit long-term resident EC on this page.

Steps in the application process

1. Submit application and payment

Online
You can submit your application online. For this purpose, you need a DigiD with SMS code verification. You will need to pay the application costs immediately using iDEAL. Start your application by clicking on the Apply online button above. You can also find the button in the section Application forms and costs below.


Via post
You cannot or prefer not to submit your application online? Then send your application by post. You can find the application form on this page under Application forms and costs. Send the completed application form together with the required documents to the IND. After IND has received your application it will send you a letter stating how the fees are to be paid.

2. Receipt and check application

After your application has been received, the IND sends you a confirmation letter. The confirmation letter indicates the date on which the IND received your application. It also states the period within which the IND has to assess your application. This is the called the decision period.

Once you have received the confirmation letter, you can provide your biometric information at an IND desk. Please make an appointment online.

The IND will first check to see if your application is complete and that you have paid the fees. Are any documents missing, or is something incorrect? If so, the IND will send you a letter with a request to rectify the omission. This letter lists the documents that still need to be sent. Send the documents requested to the IND before the date specified.

3. Working during your application

​You currently have a temporary asylum residence permit. You can work as long as this permit is valid. You can also work while your application is being considered. Please note that your employer can sometimes ask for a valid residence document. If so, you can apply for an identity document for foreign nationals type W. This document states that you can work while your application is being considered. Are you unsure whether you need this document? Contact your employer. You do not need to have a work permit.

Request the identity document for foreign nations type W between 8 and 4 weeks before your residence permit expires. Then you can collect the document before your residence permit expires. When you collect the identity document for foreign nationals type W, you have to hand in your temporary residence permit, even if it is still valid.

4. Decision

​The IND checks to see whether you meet all the conditions. The IND has to make a decision within a period of 6 months.

  1. The IND will first check if you meet the conditions for a permanent asylum residence permit.
  2. Do you not meet the conditions for a permanent stay? The IND will check to see if you meet the conditions to extend your temporary asylum residence permit. You do not have to submit a new application for this.

You will receive a decision on your application following this assessment.

  • Negative decision

If you do not meet the conditions for permanent stay, you will not be given a residence permit. This decision is given in the form of a letter: the intended decision. The IND explains why you have not been given a residence permit. Do you disagree with the intended decision? You can write to the IND explaining why you do not agree. You must do this within 6 weeks. You can ask a lawyer to help you with this. You have to arrange this yourself.

The IND will assess your view given in your letter. There are then 2 possible outcomes:

    • The IND rejects your application.
      This decision is given in the form of a letter: the formal decision. You are not given a permanent asylum residence permit. You will receive information about the possibility to appeal. The IND does, however, extend the validity of your temporary asylum residence permit for the period of 5 years.

    • The IND does not give you a permanent asylum residence permit.
      This decision is given in the form of a letter: the formal decision. The IND also informs you about your rights and obligations.

  • Positive decision

If you meet all the conditions, you will be given a permanent asylum residence permit. This decision is given in the form of a letter: the formal decision. It also includes information about your rights and obligations. At the same time, your residence document will be prepared.  The IND will send you a letter to inform you when you can collect your residence permit.

Na uw aanvraag

Collect your residence permit

The IND aims to have your residence permit ready within 2 weeks following your arrival in the Netherlands. The IND will send you a letter indicating when you can collect your residence permit. For this, you have to make an appointment online at the IND desk stated in the letter. Keep in mind that it is not always possible to visit an IND desk at short notice. Therefore, please schedule an appointment in time, but at least within 4 months after having received the letter.

Check to see if the information on your residence permit is correct while you are still at the IND desk. If something is incorrect, please inform the IND staff member at once.

Validity residence permit

A permanent residence permit has no end date. The residence document itself will always be issued for 5 years and can be renewed every 5 years. 

Right to work

The back of your residence permit shows if you are allowed to work. A permanent residence permit allows you to freely work in the Netherlands. Your employer does not have to have a TWV for you. Your residence permit states 'arbeid vrij toegestaan, TWV niet vereist' (work freely permitted, no work permit required).

Rights

Having a permanent residence document means you nearly have all the same rights as someone with Dutch nationality. The main differences are that you are not allowed to vote in national elections and you are not allowed to work in specific (Government) fields (such as the police, the army). You first have to apply for Dutch nationality for this. 

Legal obligations

There are a number of legal obligations you have to meet. 

The IND monitors your compliance with these legal obligations. Failure to meet these legal obligations may have consequences

Further applications

Replacement of residence permit

Is your residence permit damaged, lost or stolen? In that case, have the residence permit replaced.

Renew permanent residence permit

A permanent asylum residence document is always issued for 5 years. When it expires, you must apply for a renewal.

Becoming a Dutch citizen

After having had a residence permit for a period of 5 years, you may apply for Dutch citizenship

Application forms and costs
Aanvraag Verlenging verblijfsvergunning asiel bepaalde tijd; of Verblijfsvergunning asiel onbepaalde tijd; of EU-verblijfsvergunning voor langdurig ingezetenen (foreign national)6011

Use this form for the extension of your residence permit asylum, to apply for a permanent residence permit asylum or to apply for a residence permit long term resident EC. This form is only available in Dutch.

Checklist documents

The application form lists the documents that you have to enclose with the application. 

How to send documents to the IND:

  • You only send copies of your documents, single-sided and on A4 paper.
  • The copies must be complete and legible.
  • Write down your V-number or client number on each copy. If you do not know these numbers, then please write your name and date of birth on each copy.
  • Do not send USB sticks, CDs or DVDs.
  • You keep the original documents yourself. You have to show these documents to the Dutch representation abroad.
  • Documents have to be translated to Dutch, English, French or German.

Costs application

You do not have to pay for the application for extension of your temporary residence permit asylum.

For a permanent residence permit asylum or a residence permit long term resident EC you pay € 171. Children under 18 pay € 57.

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TWV

​A TWV is a work permit. The employer applies for a TWV with UWV (Netherlands Employees Insurance Agency). UWV examines among other things if there is no employee with the Dutch, EU/EEA or Swiss nationality that is qualified for the job.