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Questions and Answers - no-deal Brexit

Published: 9 January 2019
Last update: 29 April 2019

Questions and answers regarding residency in the Netherlands in the event of a no-deal Brexit.

Temporary residence permit for no-deal transition period (sent in March 2019)
No-deal information letter (sent in January 2019)
Invitation letter to apply for new residence permit (to be sent during no-deal transition period)
After Brexit

Temporary residence permit for transition period

From 13 to 29 March, the IND sent temporary residence permits to UK nationals and their family members at the address at which they are registered in the BRP. 

On 11 April 2019, the European Council reached a political agreement on extending the period under Article 50. What does this mean for my temporary residence permit?

Because Brexit has been extended, you do not currently need the temporary residence permit sent to you to safeguard your rights in the event of a no-deal Brexit. You remain an EU citizen during the extension. Therefore, the IND is not sending out any more temporary residence permits at this time.

However, after the extension period you might still need the temporary residence permit if there is still a no-deal Brexit. The temporary residence permit will remain valid up to and including 30 June 2020. You should, therefore, still keep your temporary residence permit safe. The IND will not send you a new temporary residence permit.

If a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send permits to registered UK nationals again. The IND will keep you updated regarding further developments on this website.

Can I stay in the Netherlands after Brexit if there is no withdrawal agreement (no deal)?

Yes, UK nationals and their family members legally residing in the Netherlands under EU law (freedom of movement) on the date of Brexit will keep their right to reside in the Netherlands. In the event of no deal, there will be a transition period in the Netherlands from the date of Brexit up to and including 30 June 2020. This transition period will apply to UK nationals who are already legally entitled to reside in the Netherlands.

During the transition period, UK nationals will keep their rights to reside, work and study in the Netherlands. This also applies if you are the relative of a UK national and are not yourself an EU citizen. Before the Brexit date, the IND will send you a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter. Many of you have already received this important document. The letter will serve as proof of your residency rights during a no-deal transition period in combination with a valid passport. You do not need to take any action yourself to obtain this letter, other than to ensure you are correctly registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) at your municipality: the letter will be sent to the address at which you are registered.

Because Brexit has been extended you do not currently need this temporary residence permit. Therefore, the IND is not sending out any more temporary residence permits at this time. However, if a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send out temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again.

Will I receive a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter if I have another EU citizenship?

No, you and your relatives who also have another EU/EEA or Swiss citizenship will not receive a temporary residence permit in the form of a letter. In this case you do not need this permit because you automatically retain your right of residence in the Netherlands after Brexit, provided you meet the relevant EU legal requirements. If you disagree with not receiving the temporary residence permit you will be able to apply for review.

Do I have to do anything myself in order to receive the temporary residence permit in the form of a letter?

Because Brexit has been extended, the IND is not currently sending out any more temporary residence permits. If a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send out temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again.

Will my children under 18 receive a temporary residence permit as well?

Because Brexit has been extended, the IND is not currently sending out any more temporary residence permits. If a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send out temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again, including your children under 18.

What do I need the temporary residence permit for?

In the event of a no-deal Brexit, there is a transition period from the date of Brexit until 1 July 2020 (up to and including 30 June 2020). During this transition period, you retain your rights to live, work and study in the Netherlands. You can demonstrate this by showing your temporary residence permit if asked. The temporary residence permit can only be used in combination with a valid passport.

If you are employed, you will need to give a copy of your temporary residence permit to your employer. Your employer needs this copy, together with a copy of your passport, to establish that you are entitled to work in the Netherlands. If you are self-employed, you will need to show this declaration in the event of any checks.

What if a deal is agreed?

Then you do not need the temporary residence permit. You can read more about the situation in the event of a deal on our Brexit web page under What will happen if agreement is reached on withdrawal (deal) ?

Do I always need to carry the temporary residence permit with me?

Yes, in the event of a no-deal Brexit, you are advised to always carry your original temporary residence permit with you. You should also take it with you when you travel.

Do I need the temporary residence permit if I travel in the event of a no-deal Brexit?

Yes, take your original temporary residence permit with you. You can use it to prove that you are lawfully resident in the Netherlands during the transition period. The temporary residence permit is only valid in combination with a valid passport. So take both with you when you travel.

Any of your family members who do not hold EU/EEA or Swiss nationality will also need to show their (expired) EU residence document.

I have not (yet) received a temporary residence permit. What should I do?

It is possible that you have not received a temporary residence permit because:

  • You are not (correctly) registered in the BRP. Check your registration in the BRP on www.mijnoverheid.nl. You need a DigiD for this.
  • You are registered in the BRP at a postal address. Then you are responsible yourself for obtaining the temporary residence permit.
  • Your residence right is not affected by Brexit. This is the case if you hold a Dutch permanent national residence permit (permanent residence) or if you also have the nationality of another EU/EER country or Switzerland.

Because Brexit has been extended you do not currently need a temporary residence permit. Therefore, the IND is not sending out any more temporary residence permits at this time. However, if a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again.

I am a UK national with privileged status and did not receive a temporary residence permit. Why is this?

You did not receive a temporary residence permit because Brexit will not affect your residence rights as a privileged person. Because of this you do not need a temporary residence permit to reside legally in the Netherlands after Brexit. Privileged persons will maintain their privileged status and residence rights as stipulated in international conventions and host state agreements for as long as they are employed by the embassy, consulate or international organisation.

As a UK national with privileged status, you do not need to contact the IND if you have not received a temporary residence permit since you do not need one to reside here legally after Brexit.

Circumstances may require that, as a UK national with privileged status, you should receive a temporary residency permit in case of a no-deal Brexit. However, because Brexit has been extended the IND is not  currently sending out any more temporary residence permits. If a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, you can read on this web page what you can do.

I am a UK national with privileged status and did receive a temporary residence permit. What should I do?

This is a mistake since the temporary residence permit should not have been sent to UK nationals with privileged status. However, the receipt of the temporary residence permit will not affect your privileges and immunities. You do not need to take action.

I have already received a temporary residence permit but my family members have not. How is this possible?

The IND tried to ensure that, as far as possible, residence permits were sent to members of the same family at the same time. Unfortunately, it could happen that you did not receive these at the same time. If so, you do not need to take action because a temporary residence permit is not currently needed due to the Brexit extension. If a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again.

I have lost my temporary residence permit. What should I do?

You do not need to take action. Because Brexit has been extended you do not need a temporary residence permit. Therefore, the IND is not currently sending out any more temporary residence permits. However, if a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again.

I have submitted an application for naturalisation. Why have I still received a temporary residence permit?

Until your naturalisation procedure is complete, you will need a temporary residence permit to establish your lawful residence in the Netherlands. You only become a Dutch citizen once you have completed the naturalisation ceremony and you have received the naturalisation decision stating that you have become a Dutch citizen. 

Because Brexit has been extended you do not need a temporary residence permit. Therefore, the IND is not currently sending out any more temporary residence permits. However, if a possible no-deal Brexit is pending, the IND will send temporary residence permits to registered UK nationals again.

I have deregistered myself because I am leaving the Netherlands permanently. What should I do with the temporary residence permit I received in the spring of 2019 in the form of a letter?


This letter is proof of your legal right to reside in the Netherlands during the transition period after Brexit in the event of a no-deal Brexit. You do not need to return the letter to the IND. You can do with this letter as you wish.

No-deal information letter

I have not received an information letter. What should I do?

In mid January 2019 the IND sent an information letter by standard post to United Kingdom nationals and their family members who are registered in the Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen or BRP).  You can view the content of the letter online. You should have received an information letter if you are correctly registered in the BRP. Make sure that your BRP registration is correct. You can check this by logging in to www.mijnoverheid.nl (only available in Dutch) or at your municipality.

If you are correctly registered in the BRP and you did not receive an information letter before the end of January 2019, please, report this by calling the IND Brexit information line: +31 (0)88 04 30410. This number can be reached from Monday to Friday from 9.00 to 17.00.

Why was the information letter not sent electronically?

The information letter has only been sent by standard post. For technical reasons it was not possible to (also) send the letter via DigiD to your DigiD message box (Berichtenbox).

Is the word 'remain' correct in the information letter for holders of a national, permanent residence permit?

No, it is not. The word 'remain' in the sentence in the fifth paragraph should be 'retain' and should read: If you have a permanent residence permit, you retain the right to reside, work and study in the Netherlands permanently. We apologise for this error.

Why have I received an information letter when I am a UK national and have the citizenship of another EU country?

The IND sent an information letter to all UK nationals living in the Netherlands (and their family members) including those with both British as well as another EU/EEA or Swiss citizenship. This was to inform and to reassure you. UK nationals who also have Dutch citizenship have not received an information letter.

UK nationals who also have another EU citizenship automatically retain their right of residence in the Netherlands after Brexit, provided they meet the relevant EU legal requirements.

I am a UK national with privileged status and did not receive an information letter. Why is this?

You did not receive an information letter because Brexit will not alter your residency rights as a privileged person. Privileged persons will maintain their privileged status and residence rights as stipulated in international conventions and host state agreements for as long as they are employed by the embassy, consulate or international organisation.

As a UK national with privileged status, you can apply for a residence permit from the IND while still employed for an embassy, consulate or international organisation. However, such an application may affect your privileges and immunity.

Can I add another missing citizenship to the BRP?

Yes, if you do not have Dutch citizenship. The IND recommends that you check which citizenships you are registered with at your municipality. If you hold a citizenship that is not registered in the BRP, you can add this to the BRP free of charge. To do this, you need to present the relevant, valid passport. Your municipality can provide more information about the registration of citizenship in the BRP.

Invitation letter to apply for new residence permit

What happens during the transition period?

During the transition period, the IND will send UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands and registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) of their municipality on 29 March 2019 an invitation letter to apply for a new residence permit in order to stay here after the transition period. You will be invited to apply for a temporary or a permanent residence permit depending on your situation. You will be entitled to obtain this residence permit and to work and study in the Netherlands if you meet the conditions of residence that apply to EU citizens.

When will I receive an invitation letter to submit an application for a new residence permit?

During the transition period, the IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit no later than 1 April 2020. The IND will send these invitations to UK nationals (and their family members) in phases: it is not possible to send them all at the same time. The IND kindly asks you to wait for the invitation before submitting your application. In this way your application can be processed in an efficient fashion. You do not need to submit the application earlier, as you will keep your rights to reside, work and study during the transition period as explained above.

Please note that you are part of a large group of UK nationals and their relatives in the Netherlands who will all need to apply for a residence permit. The IND needs to gradually process thousands of applications by spreading them across the transition period in order to process the applications of all UK nationals in an efficient and timely fashion.

What are the conditions for obtaining a new residence permit after the transition period?

The same conditions that apply to EU citizens will apply to UK nationals already living in the Netherlands before Brexit. This means you have to prove that you were living in the Netherlands before Brexit, provide evidence of your identity (valid passport) and that you are working or studying in the Netherlands or that you have sufficient resources to provide for yourself and your family members without becoming a burden on the Netherlands' social security system.

The fee involved in the application for the new residence permit is the same as for EU nationals applying for a residence document. At this moment the fee is €57 for adults and €30 for children under 18.

In the event of no deal, does my temporary residence permit for UK nationals count towards obtaining a permanent residence permit?

Yes, this is possible. UK nationals (and their family members) who are lawfully resident in the Netherlands before Brexit, but have not yet been living in the Netherlands for five consecutive years, will receive a new, temporary residence permit. After five years' consecutive residence you can apply for a permanent residence permit. The period of lawful residency before Brexit can be counted if you satisfy the EU legal requirements. To request a permanent residence permit, civic integration requirements do not apply.

After Brexit

I am currently living in the UK and would like to move to the Netherlands after Brexit. Which conditions apply to me?

If you are a UK national who would like to move to the Netherlands after Brexit, you will need to fulfil the same conditions to obtain residency that apply to any other non-EU citizen. You will, however, be exempt from the requirement to obtain a visa (machtiging tot voorlopig verblijf or mvv) in order to travel to and enter the Netherlands for a potential long-term stay. This means that you can first travel to the Netherlands and then submit an application for residency after arrival. 

I have a family member who is not living in the Netherlands. Can this family member be considered for family reunification after a no-deal Brexit?

Yes, this is possible. Family members of UK nationals in the Netherlands may also be eligible for the (temporary) residence permit if the UK national is the holder of a (temporary) residence permit. This is only possible during the transition period (up to and including 30 June 2020). More information will be published shortly on our Brexit web page.

I am a UK national with a right of residence in the Netherlands. Do I have to have a visa in order to travel in the EU after Brexit?

An amendment to the EU Visa Regulation providing for UK nationals to be visa free on a short trip is being negotiated with the European Parliament. It would apply to UK nationals for a maximum period of 90 out of 180 days travelling to any of the 26 countries with open borders, known as the Schengen Area. If the amendment is adopted, you will not be required to have a visa before travelling in the EU when the UK withdraws.

Our school trip to the UK is planned for after Brexit. Can we still use the List of Travellers?

According to the UK government, in case of both a deal and a no-deal Brexit, school children from third countries who are resident in EU or EFTA countries will continue to be able to travel to the UK under the List of Travellers visa scheme. They do not need to obtain their own travel document or visa until 31 December 2020. Please contact the British Embassy in The Hague for more information about travel to the United Kingdom.

It is not yet clear whether UK school children will be able to travel to EU/EFTA countries after Brexit under the List of Travellers visa scheme.