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Questions and answers Brexit with a deal

Published: 30 January 2020
Last update: 1 July 2020

Questions and answers regarding residency in the Netherlands in the event of Brexit with a deal

Brexit with a deal: Withdrawal Agreement

What does Brexit with a 'deal' mean?

On 31 January 2020 the UK left the EU with an approved Withdrawal Agreement. This means that a transition period will start from the date of Brexit up to and including 31 December 2020. During this period, EU regulations will continue to apply to UK nationals living in the Netherlands prior to Brexit or who come to live in the Netherlands up to and including 31 December 2020. These regulations include freedom of movement of people and goods.

Transition period after Brexit

How long will the transition period last?

The transition period will last up to and including 31 December 2020.

What does the transition period mean for me as a UK national living in the Netherlands?

Brexit has changed your right of residence. But under the Withdrawal Agreement you can continue to live, work and study here during the transition period, as if you were still an EU citizen. You only need a valid passport.

I am a registered UK national and did not receive the information letter of 30 January 2020 from the IND. What is the reason for this?

It could be that the IND sent the information letter to your address without the house number suffix. The IND would like to apologise for this.

The IND sent a rectifying letter to some of those concerned in the weekend of 15 February 2020. However, a number of people told the IND they received a rectifying letter that was meant for someone else. Read our news article for more information. Did you receive a letter that was not addressed to you? We are sorry for any inconvenience caused. You do not have to return the letter but you should dispose of it.

If you have any questions about this, you can call our special Brexit phone line which is available from Mondays to Fridays from 9.00 to 17.00 on +31 (0)88 04 30410.

It is also possible that you did not receive the letter because you are not correctly registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) at your town hall. Please check your details. You can do this by logging in to mijn.overheid.nl. You will need a DigiD for this. Or go in person to your town hall.

Do I need to use the temporary residence permit I received in March or October 2019?

The temporary residence permit is only needed in the event of a no-deal Brexit. Because there is a deal, you do not need the temporary residence permit anymore. You do not need to keep it or send it back to the IND.

I am a UK national living in the Netherlands. What do I need to do in the transition period to continue living in the Netherlands after Brexit?

During the transition period you can continue to live, work and study here. However, afterwards, you and all other UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands will need a residence document. The IND is ready to help you to arrange your residency. That is why the IND will send you an invitation letter during or after the transition period inviting you to submit an application online for a residence document on the IND's Brexit website. You will receive this invitation letter if you are registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) up to and including 31 December 2020 at your town hall.

See below if you have a permanent residence document as an EU citizen (EU duurzaam verblijf).

I am a UK national coming to live in the Netherlands during the transition period. Do I fall under the Withdrawal Agreement?

Yes, the Withdrawal Agreement applies to you and your family members. You will be treated in the same way as UK nationals who lived in the Netherlands prior to 1 February 2020 (Brexit). Make sure you register yourself in person in the Personal Records Database  (BRP) at your town hall. The Dutch government can then get in touch with you.

I have a permanent residence document as an EU citizen (EU duurzaam verblijf). Is this still valid after Brexit?

No, because this residence document is only valid for residence as an EU citizen. As a result of Brexit you are no longer an EU citizen and your right of residence has changed. However, during the transition period this will not affect you. The Withdrawal Agreement provides that you can continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands during the transition period. You only need a valid passport.

After the transition period, you will need a new residence document to continue to live, work and study in the Netherlands. Because you have a permanent residence document, you do not have to submit an application for a new residence document. From the first week of 2020 you will receive a letter from the IND. In this letter the IND will invite you to make an appointment to go to an IND desk. There your old residence document will be exchanged for a new one. This is free of charge.

I also have Dutch nationality or another EU nationality

Then you do not need to apply for a residence document as a UK national for after the transition period. If you have another EU nationality, you can continue to live in the Netherlands. Ask your town hall (municipality) to register your EU nationality as your main nationality in the BRP. Then the general information letter that the IND sent to UK nationals and their family members does not apply to you.

I am British and live in the Netherlands. Can I travel abroad?

Yes, you can. For the time being, nothing changes: during the transition period you can continue to travel within and outside the EU and return to the Netherlands in the same way as you did before Brexit. Further information on travel after the transition period will follow at a later date.

I am a UK national living in the UK and would like to come to live in the Netherlands long term. What do I need to do?

If you travel to the Netherlands up to and including 31 December 2020, you are covered by the favourable arrangements contained in the Withdrawal Agreement. In this case, the IND recommends that you register in the BRP at your town hall as soon as possible after you arrive in the Netherlands. The IND is linked to the BRP. If you register in the BRP, the IND can get in touch with you. For example, the IND can then send you an invitation letter to submit an online application for a residence document.

Are you travelling to the Netherlands from 1 January 2021 with the purpose of residence for a reason other than family reunification? The general rule is that you will not fall under the favourable arrangements in the Withdrawal Agreement. You can apply for a residence permit in the Netherlands for a particular residence purpose, for example Family, Study or Work. To do this, you must meet the conditions for residence for citizens from outside the EU / EEA or Switzerland.

I am a UK national with privileged status. How does Brexit affect my residence rights in the Netherlands?

As long as you are a UK national with privileged status, Brexit will not affect your residence rights in the Netherlands. Privileged persons will maintain their privileged status and residence rights as stipulated in international conventions and host state agreements for as long as they are employed by the embassy, consulate or international organisation.

Since Brexit has no consequences for UK nationals with privileged status, the IND will not invite you to submit an application for a residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement. However, as a UK national you are entitled to apply for one. Please note, receiving a residence document Withdrawal Agreement could lead to losing your job and privileged status. Contact your HR manager if you intend to apply for a residence document.

I am a UK national with privileged status and I have received a letter from the IND inviting me to submit an application for a residence document. What should I do?

This is a mistake since the invitation letter should not have been sent to UK nationals with privileged status. As long as you are a UK national with privileged status, Brexit will not affect your residence rights in the Netherlands. You do not need to take action because receiving the invitation letter will not affect your privileges and immunities.

A possible reason for receiving the invitation is that your privileged status is not registered in the Personal Records Database (Basisregistratie Personen or BRP). In that case your BRP registration lacks a so-called PROBAS notification. You can change this at your town hall by showing your MFA card. This is the identity card from the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Residency in the Netherlands after the transition period

I am living and working as a UK citizen in the Netherlands. Can I continue to work here after the transition period?

After the transition period UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands need a residence document to continue to live, work and study here. That is why the IND will send you a letter during or after the transition period and if  you are registered in the BRP at your town hall. In this letter the IND invites you to submit an application online for a residence document. The application costs €58 for adults and €31 for children under 18.

If you have a permanent residence document as an EU citizen (EU duurzaam verblijf), you do not have to submit an online application for a new residence document. During or after the transition period you will receive a letter from the IND. In this letter the IND will invite you to make an appointment to go to an IND desk. There your old residence document will be exchanged for a new one. This is free of charge.

Why do I need a residence document for residence after the transition period?

Before Brexit you had a right of residence as an EU citizen in the Netherlands. As a result of Brexit you are no longer an EU citizen. However, thanks to the Withdrawal Agreement you can continue to live, work and study here during the transition period. After that, you will need a residence document (see above).

As a UK student will I need a residence document to continue to study in the Netherlands after the transition period?

As a UK student, you will need a residence document to continue to live and study or work here after the transition period. If you are registered in the BRP at the town hall where you live, you will receive an invitation letter from the IND. It will explain how to submit an application online for a residence document. You can find out which conditions you have to meet on www.ind.nl/Brexit

How can I prepare to apply for a residence document?

  • Go in person to the town hall where you live to register in the Personal Records Database (BRP)  if you have not already done so. In this way, the Dutch government can contact you if necessary.
  • Request a DigiD. You need it to easily submit an online application to the IND. Do you already have a DigiD but no sms-verification? Make sure you also set this up on My DigiD.
  • Register to receive mail from the Dutch government digitally in your message box (Berichtenbox) on https://mijn.overheid.nl/. In your private message box you can receive digital post from government institutions, including the IND. Go to Instellingen (Settings) and under Landelijke Organisaties check Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (Immigration and Naturalisation Service, the IND).
  • Open a Dutch bank account. You will need it to use the online payment method iDEAL. You can only pay for an online application for a residence document with iDEAL.

I have not received an invitation letter from the IND yet. When will I receive it?

The IND will send an invitation letter to you and all other UK nationals and their family members living in the Netherlands who are registered in the BRP. This will happen during and after the transition period. The IND will send out invitations in stages to ensure that each application is handled carefully and promptly. It is not possible for you and all other UK nationals to apply at the same time as your application will be delayed. The longer you have been registered in the BRP, the sooner you will receive an invitation. After the IND has started sending out invitation letters, you can view the calendar on our Brexit website to see when you can expect to receive an invitation.

Please note that a different process and timeline apply if you have permanent EU residence (EU duurzaam verblijf). See the next question below.

In case of re-registration after you deregistered before, the latest registration date determines when you will receive an invitation letter.

Received an invitation letter? Then make sure that you submit an application to the IND within 4 weeks. Then the IND can take a decision promptly.

I have permanent residence document as an EU citizen (EU duurzaam verblijf). When will I receive an invitation letter from the IND?

In the first week of June 2020, the IND started sending letters to UK nationals with permanent EU residence. In this letter, the IND explains if you are eligible to have your old residence document exchanged for a new one or not. If so, the letter explains what you need to do next.

I am registered in the BRP but am temporarily living abroad. How can I receive the invitation letter?

Register to receive mail from the Dutch government digitally in your message box (Berichtenbox) on https://mijn.overheid.nl/. Then you will (also) receive the invitation letter digitally. After receiving the letter you can submit an application online on the IND's website. If you are entitled to receive a residence document, you will also receive a message notifying you in your message box.

Please note that you can only pick up a residence document at an IND desk in the Netherlands. You need to make an  appointment online.

I do not have internet access or a computer at home. How can I submit the application for a residence document?

Submitting an application online is quick and easy. You can also send a written application to the IND by post. To do this, you first need to download the application form from our website. If you do not have access to internet yourself, you can go to a public library or internet café. Or ask someone you know to help you.

What if I receive an invitation from the IND in mid December 2020 and I have not been able to submit an application in December 2020? Will I be deported in 2021?

No, the Withdrawal Agreement makes it possible to submit an application until 30 June 2021 at the latest. This principle applies to you provided that you were already allowed to reside in the Netherlands because of the Withdrawal Agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement states that you will keep your rights under the agreement if your application is pending.

I have been living in the Netherlands for nearly 5 years consecutively and I have received an invitation letter. What should I do?

Do not submit your online application yet. Wait until you have been living in the Netherlands for 5 years if this is before 31 December 2020. Then you can already apply for a residence document for permanent residence. Have you already submitted an application online for temporary residence? Then the IND will contact you.

Please note that in this situation, you cannot apply online at the same time for your child turning 5 or younger in 2021. Then you need to submit a written application for temporary residence for your child.

My application for Dutch citizenship by naturalisation or option is still pending. Do I need to apply for a residence document under the Withdrawal Agreement?

This is not compulsory. However, applying for a residence document will secure the period of 5 consecutive years of your legal residence in the Netherlands. By doing so you can avoid a residence gap and still meet the conditions. Bear in mind that the legal decision period for applications for naturalisation is 1 year, minimum.

Coronavirus

Will the coronavirus measures affect my application for a residence document for after Brexit? 

No, the IND is still reviewing and deciding on applications received. Please, therefore submit your application within 4 weeks of receiving the invitation letter. You will be notified as soon as we take a decision by letter.

From 22 June 2020 you can make an appointment online yourself again to have your biometrics taken. Due to the coronavirus it was the IND who called you to make an appointment in the last few months. The IND needs your biometric details to prepare your residence document.

Under Coronavirus frequently asked questions on the IND's home page you can find the latest general information about how the IND's services are affected.

Your residence document

How long will my residence document be valid?

That depends on the type of residence document you will receive. A temporary residence document will be valid for 5 years. A permanent residence permit will be valid for 10 years.

Which rights and obligations are connected to my residence?

Please visit the pages about the temporary residence document and the permanent residence document. See the information at the bottom of these pages in the drop-down menu under 'After the application' .