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Existing residential options and consequences of Brexit

​It is unknown whether the Brexit negotiations will lead to a deal or no-deal. In both cases Brexit will have an effect on the rights of residence of most UK residents in the Netherlands. On this page you can see the existing residential options in the Netherlands and the future influence that Brexit has on them. Please note that Brexit will take place shortly. This means that  applications for an existing option that are lodged today, may no longer be processed on time.

You are (related to) an UK citizen. You have lived in the Netherlands for 5 years and more without a residence document


Permanent residence EU (costs: € 57)

You can apply for a permanent residence document for EU citizens. In order to get this you must prove that you have continuously lived and worked (and/or had sufficient funds to support yourself) for at least more than 5 years in the Netherlands. You read all conditions on the page Permanent residence for EU-citizens.

You have to use a Passport photo form for a photo and signature, contrary to the instructions in the (online) application. You do not go to the IND-desk. Your family member with no EU/EEA or Swiss citizenship, must go to the IND-desk to have fingerprints taken. This requires an online appointment.

Keep in mind that the validity of an EU permanent residence document officially will expire permanently for you on 29 March 2019. After all, on that day UK citizens are no longer EU citizens.

Apply online permanent residence EU

If the online application does not succeed,  you can download the application form and send it by mail.

The reasonable decision period for this application is 90 days for EU/EEA and Swiss citizens. The statutory decision period for this application is 90 days for non-EU/EEA or Swiss family members. The costs of this application are non-refundable in case of a deal or no deal . 

National permit: permanent regular residence permit (costs: € 171)

You can also apply for a national, regular permit for permanent residence. For this application, you must have obtained the civic integration diploma or be exempted from this. Check all conditions on the page Permanent residence. The online application is only available in Dutch.

  • Deal and no-deal: if you hold a national, permanent regular residence permit, Brexit will not affect your residence right after Brexit.

Do you want to apply for a national residence permit? Use the written application form. An online application is not possible at this moment.

The statutory decision period for this application is 6 months. The costs of this application are non-refundable in case of a deal or no deal. 

You are (related to) an UK citizen and holder of an EU document for permanent residence

A permanent residence document expires for (UK or third-country family members of) Britons after Brexit.

  • Deal: are you in possession of an EU-document for permanent residence on the day of Brexit? Then the agreements in the withdrawal agreement apply. The IND exchanges your residence permit free of charge for a new type of residence permit during the transition period. An application for this is not necessary.

  • No-deal: do you have an EU-document for permanent residence on the day of Brexit? There will also be a transition period based on national law during which you retain your rights. In this period the IND exchanges your residence permit free of charge for a new type of residence permit. An application for this is not necessary.

You are an UK citizen in a marital or long-term relationship with an EU citizen in the Netherlands

You have a right of residence as an EU citizen up to Brexit as long as you meet the conditions. You can also have EU residence rights after Brexit because of your spouse or partner who meets the conditions of EU free movement. EU law does not apply to Dutch persons in general, but there are exceptions. After Brexit you will need a residence permit in order to continue your stay here.

  • Deal: there will be a transition period after Brexit during which you will retain your existing rights during the transition period because of the withdrawal agreement. During the transition period, the IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit. You can either accept that invitation or apply for an EU residence document as a third-country national.

  • No-deal: in case of a no-deal there will also be a transition period after Brexit for UK citizens who were lawfully resident here up to Brexit. During this period you retain your residence rights based on national law. During the transition period, the IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit. You can either accept that invitation or apply for an EU residence document as a third-country national.

Is your partner of Dutch citizenship then you have more options next to accepting the IND-invitation. Such as applying for a regular residence permit. Conditions apply to this. 

You are (related to) an UK citizen and holder of a valid national, permanent regular residence permit

  • Deal and no-deal: you have a residence right in the Netherlands, both now and after Brexit. Brexit does not affect your right of residence.

You are (related to) an UK citizen and you have lived in the Netherlands for less than 5 years

UK citizen with UK family members
You and your UK family members retain EU residence right up to Brexit as long as you meet the conditions. You do not need a residence document until Brexit.

  • Deal: there will be a transition period after Brexit during which you will retain your existing rights because of the withdrawal agreement. During the transition period, the IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit.

  • No-deal: in the event of no-deal there will also be a transition period after Brexit for UK citizens who were lawfully resident here prior to Brexit. During this period you will keep your rights as they were based on national law. The IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit.

UK citizen with third-country family members
Your third-country family members should hold an EU residence document now. This document will expire after Brexit.

  • Deal: there will be a transition period after Brexit during which you will retain your existing rights because of the withdrawal agreement. During the transition period, the IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit.

  • No-deal: in case of a no-deal there will also be a transition period after Brexit for UK citizens who were lawfully resident here up to Brexit. During this period you will keep your rights as they were based on national law. The IND will send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit.

As a (UK or third-country family member of a) UK citizen you can apply for a national, temporary regular residence permit. A temporary residence permit is always issued for a specific purpose of stay, such as staying with your Family, in order to Work or to Study. Every residence permit has its own conditions and costs. Click on the links in this paragraph for more information about the different types of residence permits and the costs. 

  • Deal and no-deal: are you in possession of a national temporary permit and it is still valid after Brexit? You retain your residence right for the duration of the permit. During the transition period the IND will also send you an invitation letter to apply for a residence permit. You can either accept this invitation or continue your stay based on the residence permit you already have.

The statutory decision period for this application is mostly 90 days. At times another decision period applies to this application. The costs of this application are non-refundable in case of a deal or no deal. 

You would like to become a Dutch citizen

You can apply for the Dutch citizenship. For this, there are 2 procedures: naturalisation and option. Both are submitted at the municipality. The procedure for naturalisation takes 1 year and for option 13 weeks.

  • Deal and no deal: Brexit does not affect your right of residence if you have the Dutch citizenship at that moment.

Obtaining Dutch citizenship through naturalisation (costs: € 881)

If you have lived continuously in the Netherlands for 5 years or longer with a valid residence permit, you can apply for naturalisation. There are exceptions to the 5-year period. Do you, for example, have a long-term relationship with a Dutch partner (married, registered partnership or unmarried living together)? Then you can apply for naturalization after 3 years of living together uninterruptedly with your Dutch partner. Living together outside of the Netherlands only counts if you were married to your Dutch partner during that period.

On the page Naturalisation you will find all conditions you must meet. For example, in most cases you have to obtain the civic integration diploma. You must also renounce your British citizenship. There are exceptions to this rule. For example if you are married to or have a registered partnership with a Dutch citizen. On the page about naturalisation you can also read more about the application procedure and the possibility to let minor children participate in naturalisation.

The statutory decision period for this application is 1 year. The costs of this application are non-refundable in case of a deal or no deal. 

Obtaining Dutch citizenship through option (costs:  € 187) 

The option procedure is faster, cheaper and has less conditions, but is only possible for a limited group of citizens. In most cases, you can keep your British citizenship. You do not have to obtain the civic integration diploma.  You can read about the conditions and the application procedure on the page Option.

 The statutory decision period for this application is 13 weeks. The costs of this application are non-refundable in case of a deal or no deal.

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Questions?

Do you have any questions or do you doubt whether you meet the conditions of a certain residence permit? Contact the IND.